Password-protected secrets made easy.
Privy is a small and fast utility for password-protecting secrets such as seeds for digital signatures or Bitcoin wallets.
Say for example you are using GnuPG. You are about to sign a message but it first requires your password. Does your password become the input to instantiate your private key? No, it is first hashed by a secure key derivation function. That hash then becomes the input to a symmetric cipher such as AES which then decrypts your stored private key. That is what Privy does.
Fear not! With Privy, this become trivially easy:
>>> import privy >>> >>> # After creating secret, immediately encrypt it using Privy. >>> secret = b'secret' >>> >>> hidden = privy.hide(secret, ask_for_password()) >>> hidden '1$2$fL7xRh8WKe...'
Now you can safely store or transmit the hidden secret. Whenever your user needs to use their secret again, ask for their password to take a peek.
>>> privy.peek(hidden, password) b'secret'
Privy is available on Linux/macOS and Windows and supports Python 2.7, 3.3+, PyPy, and PyPy3.3-5.5+.
$ pip install privy
Secrets are encrypted using the Fernet protocol. Specifically, it uses AES for encryption and has built-in authentication using HMAC. The private key used for encryption is derived from the password using a key derivation function. The key derivation function used is Argon2, the winner of the Password Hashing Competition. Both Argon2i and Argon2d variants are supported.
ascii(Argon2 algorithm || security level || base64(salt) || base64(Fernet token))
There are 2 functions: hide and peek.
hide(secret, password, security=2, salt=None, server=True)
Encrypts secret using password. Returns the hidden secret as unicode.
- secret (bytes) - The secret to encrypt.
- password (bytes or unicode) - The password used to access the secret.
- security (int) - A number 0-20 inclusive. Higher values are more secure at the cost of slower computation and greater use of memory. See security levels.
- salt (bytes) - The salt used for the password hash. Defaults to os.urandom(32).
- server (bool) - If True, it is assumed side-channel attack protection is needed and therefore the Argon2i algorithm will be used. Otherwise, the password will be hashed using the Argon2d algorithm.
All expected times were taken from tests on an Intel Core i7-2670QM @ 2.2 GHz when decrypting a 256 KiB secret.
This is the command, where SL is the desired security level:
$ python -m timeit -s "import privy, os; pw = 'password'; s = os.urandom(1024 * 256); h = privy.hide(s, pw, SL)" "privy.peek(h, pw)"
|Levels||Argon2 settings||Expected time||Notes|
|0||m=8 KiB, t=1||7 msec||Lowest possible|
|1||m=4 MiB, t=10||54 msec|
|2||m=8 MiB, t=10||99 msec||Default|
|3||m=32 MiB, t=10||367 msec|
|4||m=48 MiB, t=10||540 msec|
|5||m=96 MiB, t=10||1.1 sec||Good choice|
|6||m=256 MiB, t=10||3 sec|
|7||m=512 MiB, t=10||6 sec|
|8||m=768 MiB, t=10||9 sec|
|9||m=1 GiB, t=10||12.2 sec|
|10||m=2 GiB, t=20||48 sec||For use on users’ machines|
|11||m=3 GiB, t=30||107|
|12||m=4 GiB, t=40||?|
|13||m=5 GiB, t=50||?|
|14||m=6 GiB, t=60||?|
|15||m=7 GiB, t=70||?|
|16||m=8 GiB, t=80||?|
|17||m=9 GiB, t=90||?|
|18||m=10 GiB, t=100||?|
|19||m=11 GiB, t=110||?|
|20||m=12 GiB, t=120||?|
Important changes are emphasized.
- Breaking: For saner conformity, security level 7 now utilizes 512 MiB of RAM instead of 448.
- Major improvements to documentation.
- Added security levels 11-20. These are quite resource intensive and are therefore only acceptable for individual use.
- Breaking: Due to requests, the encrypted format now uses url-safe base64 instead of hex.
- Initial release
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