Event driven concurrent framework for Python
Event driven concurrent framework for python. With pulsar you can write asynchronous servers performing one or several activities in different threads and/or processes.
|Mailing list:||google user group|
|Platforms:||Linux, OSX, Windows. Python 2.7, 3.3, 3.4 and pypy|
|Keywords:||client, server, asynchronous, concurrency, actor, thread, process, socket, task queue, wsgi, websocket, redis, json-rpc|
An example of a web server written with pulsar which responds with “Hello World!” for every request:
from pulsar.apps import wsgi def hello(environ, start_response): data = b'Hello World!\n' response_headers = [ ('Content-type','text/plain'), ('Content-Length', str(len(data))) ] start_response('200 OK', response_headers) return [data] if __name__ == '__main__': wsgi.WSGIServer(callable=hello).start()
Pulsar’s goal is to provide an easy way to build scalable network programs. In the Hello world! web server example above, many client connections can be handled concurrently. Pulsar tells the operating system (through epoll or select) that it should be notified when a new connection is made, and then it goes to sleep.
Pulsar uses the multiprocessing module from the standard python library and it can be configured to run in multi-processing mode, multi-threading mode or a combination of the two.
Pulsar is a stand-alone library for python 3.4 and up.
Pulsar can be installed via pip:
pip install pulsar
or downloading the tarball from pypi.
If cython is available, c extensions will be compiled and installed.
Pulsar design allows for a host of different asynchronous applications to be implemented in an elegant and efficient way. Out of the box it is shipped with the the following:
- Socket servers
- WSGI server
- Web Sockets
- Task queue
- Test suite
- Data stores
- django integration
Check out the examples directory for various working applications. It includes:
- Hello world! wsgi example
- An Httpbin wsgi application
- An HTTP Proxy server
- A JSON-RPC Calculator server
- A taskqueue application with a JSON-RPC interface
- Websocket random graph.
- Websocket chat room.
- django web site with a websocket based chat room.
- A web mail application which uses twisted IMAP4 API.
- The dining philosophers problem.
- Asynchronous shell.
Pulsar internals are based on actors primitive. Actors are the atoms of pulsar’s concurrent computation, they do not share state between them, communication is achieved via asynchronous inter-process message passing, implemented using the standard python socket library.
Two special classes of actors are the Arbiter, used as a singleton, and the Monitor, a manager of several actors performing similar functions. The Arbiter runs the main eventloop and it controls the life of all actors. Monitors manage group of actors performing similar functions, You can think of them as a pool of actors.
More information about design and philosophy in the documentation.
Pulsar checks if some additional libraries are available at runtime, and uses them to add additional functionalities or improve performance:
- setproctitle: if installed, pulsar can use it to change the processes names of the running application.
- psutil: if installed, a system key is available in the dictionary returned by Actor info method.
- ujson: if installed it is used instead of the native json module.
- django: required by the pulsar.apps.pulse application.
For options and help type:
python runtests.py -h
pep8 check (requires pep8 package):
python runtests.py --pep8
Pulsar project started as a fork of gunicorn (from where the arbiter idea) and has been developed using ideas from nodejs (api design), twisted (the deferred implementation), tornado web server (the initial event-loop implementation), celery (the task queue application) and, since version 0.5, tulip and PEP-3156. In addition, pulsar uses several snippet of code from around the open-source community, in particular:
Development of pulsar happens at Github. We very much welcome your contribution of course. To do so, simply follow these guidelines:
This software is licensed under the New BSD License. See the LICENSE file in the top distribution directory for the full license text.