An HTTP proxy server to automatically authenticate through an NTLM proxy
What is Px?
Px is a HTTP(s) proxy server that allows applications to authenticate through an NTLM or Kerberos proxy server, typically used in corporate deployments, without having to deal with the actual handshake. Px leverages Windows SSPI or single sign-on and automatically authenticates using the currently logged in Windows user account. It is also possible to run Px on Windows, Linux and MacOS without single sign-on by configuring the domain, username and password to authenticate with.
Px uses libcurl and as a result supports all the authentication mechanisms supported by libcurl.
The whole point of Px is to help tools get through a typical corporate proxy. This means using a package manager to install Px might not always be feasible which is why Px offers two binary options:
If Python is already available, Px and all its dependencies can be easily installed by downloading the
wheelspackage for the target OS from the releases page. After extraction, Px and all dependencies can be installed with
python -m pip install px-proxy --no-index -f /path/to/wheels
If direct internet access is available along with Python, Px can be easily
installed using the Python package manager
pip. This will download and install
Px as a Python module along with all dependencies:
python -m pip install px-proxy
scoop can also be used to install Px:
scoop install px
Once installed, Px can be run as follows:
- In the background:
pythonw -m px
- In the foreground in a console window:
python -m px
Px requires libcurl and the Windows builds ship with a copy. On Linux, it is required to install libcurl using the package manager:
yum install libcurl
apt install libcurl4
apk add libcurl
The latest Px version can be downloaded and installed from source via pip:
python -m pip install git+https://github.com/genotrance/px
Source can also be downloaded separately and installed:
git clone https://github.com/genotrance/px
Once downloaded, Px can be installed as a standard Python module along with all dependencies :
python -m pip install .
NOOTE: Source install methods will require internet access since Python will try to install Px dependencies from the internet. The binaries mentioned in the previous section could be used to bootstrap a source install.
NOTE: libcurl will need to be installed on Linux, as described earlier, using
the package manager. For Windows, download and
Px can be run as a local Python script without installation. Download the source as described above, install all dependencies and then run Px:
pip install keyring netaddr psutil quickjs futures # Download/install libcurl pythonw px.py # run in the background python px.py # run in a console window
If Px has been installed to the Windows registry to start on boot, it should be removed before uninstallation:
python -m px --uninstall
Px can then be uninstalled using
pip as follows:
python -m pip uninstall px-proxy
Px requires only one piece of information in order to function - the server
name and port of the proxy server. This needs to be configured in
px.ini. If not
specified, Px will check Internet Options or environment variables for any proxy
definitions and use them. Without this, Px will try to connect to sites directly.
The noproxy capability allows Px to connect to hosts in the configured subnets directly, bypassing the proxy altogether. This allows clients to connect to hosts within the intranet without requiring additional configuration for each client or at the proxy.
If SSPI is not available or not preferred, providing a
format allows Px to authenticate as that user. The corresponding password is
retrieved using Python keyring and needs to be setup in the appropriate OS specific
Credentials can be setup with the command line:
px --username=domain\username --password
If username is already defined in
Information on keyring backends can be found here.
Credential Manager is the recommended backend for Windows and the password is stored as a 'Generic Credential' type with 'Px' as the network address name. Credential Manager can be accessed as follows:
Control Panel > User Accounts > Credential Manager > Windows Credentials Or on the command line: `rundll32.exe keymgr.dll, KRShowKeyMgr`
Gnome Keyring or KWallet is used to store passwords on Linux. For systems without a GUI (headless, docker), refer to these instructions to start the SecretService backend.
If the default SecretService keyring backend does not work, the keyring_jeepney package might provide an alternative.
python -m pip install keyring_jeepney
Worst case, the keyrings.alt package can be used.
python -m pip install keyrings.alt
There are a few other settings to tweak in
px.ini file but most are obvious.
All settings can be specified on the command line for convenience. The INI file
can also be created or updated from the command line using
The binary distribution of Px runs in the background once started and can be
quit by running
px --quit. When running in the foreground, use
Px can also be setup to automatically run on startup with the
This is done by adding an entry into the Window registry which can be removed
NOTE: Command line parameters passed with
--install are not saved for use on
--save flag or manual editing of
px.ini is required to provide
configuration to Px on startup.
px [FLAGS] python px.py [FLAGS] Actions: --save Save configuration to px.ini or file specified with --config Allows setting up Px config directly from command line Values specified on CLI override any values in existing config file Values not specified on CLI or config file are set to defaults --install Add Px to the Windows registry to run on startup --uninstall Remove Px from the Windows registry --quit Quit a running instance of Px.exe --password Collect and save password to default keyring. Username needs to be provided via --username or already specified in the config file Configuration: --config= Specify config file. Valid file path, default: px.ini in working directory --proxy= --server= proxy:server= in INI file NTLM server(s) to connect through. IP:port, hostname:port Multiple proxies can be specified comma separated. Px will iterate through and use the one that works --pac= proxy:pac= PAC file to use to connect Use in place of --server if PAC file should be loaded from a URL or local file. Relative paths will be relative to the Px script or binary --pac_encoding= proxy:pac_encoding= PAC file encoding Specify in case default 'utf-8' encoding does not work --listen= proxy:listen= IP interface to listen on. Valid IP address, default: 127.0.0.1 --port= proxy:port= Port to run this proxy. Valid port number, default: 3128 --gateway proxy:gateway= Allow remote machines to use proxy. 0 or 1, default: 0 Overrides 'listen' and binds to all interfaces --hostonly proxy:hostonly= Allow only local interfaces to use proxy. 0 or 1, default: 0 Px allows all IP addresses assigned to local interfaces to use the service. This allows local apps as well as VM or container apps to use Px when in a NAT config. Px does this by listening on all interfaces and overriding the allow list. --allow= proxy:allow= Allow connection from specific subnets. Comma separated, default: *.*.*.* Whitelist which IPs can use the proxy. --hostonly overrides any definitions unless --gateway mode is also specified 127.0.0.1 - specific ip 192.168.0.* - wildcards 192.168.0.1-192.168.0.255 - ranges 192.168.0.1/24 - CIDR --noproxy= proxy:noproxy= Direct connect to specific subnets like a regular proxy. Comma separated Skip the NTLM proxy for connections to these subnets 127.0.0.1 - specific ip 192.168.0.* - wildcards 192.168.0.1-192.168.0.255 - ranges 192.168.0.1/24 - CIDR --useragent= proxy:useragent= Override or send User-Agent header on client's behalf --username= proxy:username= Authentication to use when SSPI is unavailable. Format is domain\\username Service name "Px" and this username are used to retrieve the password using Python keyring. Px only retrieves credentials and storage should be done directly in the keyring backend. On Windows, Credential Manager is the recommended backed and can be accessed from Control Panel > User Accounts > Credential Manager > Windows Credentials. Create a generic credential with Px as the network address, this username and corresponding password. On Linux, Gnome Keyring or KWallet can be used to store passwords. For headless systems, the keyring_jeepney or keyrings.alt package might be needed. --auth= proxy:auth= Force instead of discovering upstream proxy type By default, Px will attempt to discover the upstream proxy type. This option can be used to force either NTLM, KERBEROS, DIGEST, BASIC or the other libcurl supported upstream proxy types. See: https://curl.se/libcurl/c/CURLOPT_HTTPAUTH.html To control which methods are available during proxy detection: Prefix NO to avoid method - e.g. NONTLM => ANY - NTLM Prefix SAFENO to avoid method - e.g. SAFENONTLM => ANYSAFE - NTLM Prefix ONLY to support only that method - e.g ONLYNTLM => ONLY + NTLM --workers= settings:workers= Number of parallel workers (processes). Valid integer, default: 2 --threads= settings:threads= Number of parallel threads per worker (process). Valid integer, default: 5 --idle= settings:idle= Idle timeout in seconds for HTTP connect sessions. Valid integer, default: 30 --socktimeout= settings:socktimeout= Timeout in seconds for connections before giving up. Valid float, default: 20 --proxyreload= settings:proxyreload= Time interval in seconds before refreshing proxy info. Valid int, default: 60 Proxy info reloaded from manual proxy info defined in Internet Options --foreground settings:foreground= Run in foreground when frozen or with pythonw.exe. 0 or 1, default: 0 Px will attach to the console and write to it even though the prompt is available for further commands. CTRL-C in the console will exit Px --verbose Enable debug output. default: 0. Implies --foreground --debug settings:log= Enable debug logging. default: 0 Logs are written to working directory and over-written on startup A log is automatically created if Px crashes for some reason --uniqlog Generate unique log file names in current working directory Prevents logs from being overwritten on subsequent runs. Also useful if running multiple instances of Px
proxyserver.com:80 and allow requests from localhost only:
Don't use any forward proxy at all, just log what's going on:
px --noproxy=0.0.0.0/0 --debug
Allow requests from
localhost and all locally assigned IP addresses. This
is very useful for Docker for Windows and VMs in a NAT configuration because
all requests originate from the host's IP:
px --proxy=proxyserver.com:80 --hostonly
Allow requests from
localhost, locally assigned IP addresses and the IPs
specified in the allow list outside the host:
px --proxy=proxyserver:80 --hostonly --gateway --allow=172.*.*.*
Allow requests from everywhere. Be careful, every client will use your login:
px --proxy=proxyserver.com:80 --gateway
NOTE: In Docker for Windows you need to set your proxy to
(or actual port Px is listening to) in your containers and be aware of https://github.com/docker/for-win/issues/1380.
docker build --build-arg http_proxy=http://<your ip>:3128 --build-arg https_proxy=http://<your ip>:3128 -t containername ../dir/with/Dockerfile
NOTE: In WSL2 you can setup your proxy in
/etc/profile as follows:
export http_proxy="http://$(tail -1 /etc/resolv.conf | cut -d' ' -f2):3128" export https_proxy="http://$(tail -1 /etc/resolv.conf | cut -d' ' -f2):3128"
NOTE: When running MQTT over websockets, it will help to increase the idle
timeout to 120 seconds:
--idle=120. The default value of 30 will cause the
websocket connection to disconnect since the default MQTT keepalive period
is 60 seconds.
Px doesn't have any GUI and runs completely in the background. It depends on the following Python packages:
Px also depends on libcurl for all outbound HTTP connections and proxy authentication.
Windows multiprocessing only works on Python 3.3+ since that's when support was added to share sockets across processes. On older versions of Python, Px will run multi-threaded but in a single process.
MacOSX socket sharing is not implemented at this time and is limited to running in a single process.
While it should mostly work, Px is not tested on MacOSX since there's no test environment available at this time to verify functionality. PRs are welcome to help fix any issues.
To build a self-sufficient executable that does not depend on the presence of
Python and dependency modules, both Nuitka and PyInstaller scripts are provided.
python tools.py for more details.
Px is definitely a work in progress and any feedback or suggestions are welcome. It is hosted on GitHub with an MIT license so issues, forks and PRs are most appreciated. Join us on the discussion board, Gitter or Matrix to chat about Px.
Thank you to all contributors for their PRs and all issue submitters.
Px is based on code from all over the internet and acknowledges innumerable sources.
Release history Release notifications | RSS feed
Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.
Hashes for px_proxy-0.8.4-py3-none-win_amd64.whl
Hashes for px_proxy-0.8.4-py3-none-win32.whl
Hashes for px_proxy-0.8.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl