pyDiameter is created by George Zhao, who is working for NOKIA, 2010-2012, 2014-2018. This lib is used for encoding and decoding Diameter protocol message(an AAA protocol replace the RADIUS).
pyDiameter is a library which is used to decoding and encoding Diameter protocol message.
Diameter protocol is an AAA protocol and defined in RFC6733 (RFC3588 is obsoleted by RFC6733).
Decoding a diameter protocol message means, the library will help application decode protolcol bytes to the library object, which is more simple to handle.
Encoding a diameter protocol message means, the library will help application encode the library object(usually a DiaMessage object in pyDiameter library) into a bytes variable.
pyDiameter is written by python purely.
pyDiameter is written on python 3.6.5, python 2 is not supported.
How to get it
pip install pyDiameter
To get a start for decoding or encoding a diameter message with pyDiameter, you can read the example after pip installing.
The example folder is located in pyDiameter folder in your site-packages of your Python.
Please refer to example-dictTest.py to get start for the Diameter protocol AVP dictionary.
This dictionary contains more than 2000 AVP definitions, as well as including several popular vendors definitions (Base, 3GPP, Nokia, Ericsson, Cisco etc.)
Please note that, decoding is depending on the dictionary defined in pyDiameter.pyDiaAVPDict, if you have some special AVP definition which is not contained in this dictionary, example-dictTest.py could help you to know how to add new AVP definition in the dictionary, and how to update it.
Please make sure that there are all definitions you need defined in the dictionary before decoding the diameter message.
AVP and Message
Please refer to example-avp.py to get start for the Diameter protolcol AVP handling.
And refer to example-msg1.py to get start for the Diameter protocol message handling.
If you want an example just like a ‘Hello, world’, please refer to code below.
from pyDiameter.pyDiaMessage import DiaMessage from pyDiameter.pyDiaAVPTypes import DiaAVPStr from pyDiameter.pyDiaAVPPath import DiaAVPPath msg = DiaMessage() msg.setRequestFlag() avp = DiaAVPStr() avp.setAVPCode(263) avp.setAVPVSFlag() avp.setAVPVendor(10415) avp.setAVPValue(b'Hello, world.') dap = DiaAVPPath() dap.setPath('') msg.addAVPByPath(dap, avp)
pyDiameter supports only basic types defined in RFC6733.
Please refer to following table for supported types list. (import them from pyDiameter.pyDiaAVPTypes)
All DiaAVPxxx classes are derived from DiaAVP which is defined in pyDiameter.pyDiaAVPBase. And users could not initialize a DiaAVP object since it is an abstract class.
All Sub-classes of DiaAVP have method called getAVPType().
It return a Python string which describes the type of the object.
The returned value could be one of values of following. (import them from pyDiameter.pyDiaAVPConst)
When you operate DiaMessage object in pyDiameter.pyDiaMessage, sometimes, you need visit, add or remove some AVPs from the message.
You can use DiaAVPPath object to locate the AVP in the message.
DiaAVPPath could be imported from pyDiameter.pyDiaAVPPath.
And DiaAVPPath object uses a diameter avp path language to describe the AVP path. (Defined by George Zhao, not a well-known language.)
The AVP path is described as:
e.g. 10415/628->10415/630 means I want to visit the AVP, the location is: the first AVP 630(vendor 10415) under the second AVP 628(vendor 10415).
sameCodeIndex means if there are several same AVPs with same AVP code and vendor, which index is target to be visited.
Note that, sameCodeIndex is counted from zero.
In pyDiameter.pyDiaAVPTools, we provide four functions to help you treat some special AVP types.
The address type, and the time type are both derived from OctectString basic type according to RFC6733.
|time_to_bytes||time_to_bytes(year=1980, month=7 , day=8, hour=20, minute=0, second=0)|
Note that, time is counted from Year 1968 Jan 20, 03:14:08 to Year 2104, Feb 26, 09:42:23, according to RFC6733 and an even obsoleted RFC4330.
Only ipv4 and ipv6 are supported by tools, other protocols should be handled by user as an ordinary OctectString.
When you set ipv6 value, the compress ipv6 value could be supported by tools, like 2000::1 or ::1.
Any other problem, please refer to ‘Any problem’ section below.
Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Author will check mail irregularly, support is not guaranteed.
Author will answer question as immediately as author can.
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