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A python full-field electrodynamical solver, based on the Green dyadic method (volume integral technique in frequency domain).

Project description

pyGDM is an open source python toolkit for electro-dynamical simulations, implementing the Green dyadic method (GDM), a volume discretization technique. pyGDM is based on simulation codes and theoretical models developed over the past 20 years by Christian Girard at CEMES (see e.g. Ch. Girard 2005 Rep. Prog. Phys. 68 1883), with contributions from G. Colas des Francs, A. Arbouet, R. Marty, C. Majorel, A. Patoux, Y. Brûlé and P.R. Wiecha. In contrast to most other coupled-dipole codes, pyGDM uses a generalized propagator, which allows to cost-efficiently treat large monochromatic problems such as angle-of-incidence scans or raster-scan simulations.

pyGDM2 is available on pypi and gitlab.

Detailed documentation with many examples can be found at the pyGDM2 documentation website. See also the documentation paper on arXiv (1802.04071) or a more theoretical review about the GDM method.



  • python (3.5+, python)

  • numba (to drastically accelerate computations we use numba)

  • numpy (numpy)

  • scipy >= v0.17.0, lower versions supported with restrictions (scipy)

Optional Python packages

  • pytables (v3.x recommended. For hdf5 saving/loading of simulations. pytables)

  • matplotlib (Strongly recommended. For all 2D visualization tools. matplotlib)

  • mayavi (for all 3D visualization. mayavi)

  • mpi4py (for MPI parallelized calculation of spectra. mpi4py)

  • PIL (image processing. PIL)

  • PaGMO / PyGMO (version 2.4+. Required for the EO submodule. pagmo)

  • cupy (version 7+, for GPU-based matrix inversion) cupy)

(all available via pip)

Installation under linux

Via pip

Install from pypi repository via

$ pip install pygdm2

Via source code

From source, install pyGDM via the setup-script. DO NOT use the directly for installation, this may install pyGDM as “egg” which leads to problems with numba caching. Please use pip instead. Run the following command in the source directory:

$ pip3 install . --user

For a system wide installation, run as superuser without the –user argument. To install to a user-defined location, use the target option:

$ pip3 install . --target=/some/specific/location

To only compile without installation, you can use the script

$ python3 build sdist

Installation under windows

For windows, we also recommend Anaconda in which pyGDM can be installed easily via pip. From pyGDM2 V1.1 on, installation from source should work straightforward in any other python distribution as well (described above).

Via pip

We provide a 64bit windows binary on the pypi repository (tested on Win7 and Win10). Install via

$ pip install pygdm2

Installation under Mac OS X

Tested with the pypi version, installation via pip, with the Anaconda distribution. From pyGDM2 V1.1 on, installation from source should work straightforward in any other python distribution as well (described above).

$ pip install pygdm2


Python implementation

  • P. R. Wiecha

  • contributions by A. Arbouet, C. Majorel, Y. Brûlé, A. Patoux

Original fortran code by

  • Ch. Girard

  • G. Colas des Francs

  • A. Arbouet

  • R. Marty

  • P. R. Wiecha

Project details

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