pyXSteam is a port of the Matlab/Excel Package XSteam by Magnus Holmgren, www.x-eng.com to Python 3

## Project description

# XSteam

Original Released by Magnus Holmgren for Matlab and Excel: http://xsteam.sourceforge.net and/or http://www.x-eng.com

At this github repository you can find the/a matlab version.

XSteam provides (mostly) accurate steam and water properties from 0 - 1000 bar and from 0 - 2000 °C according to the IAPWS release IF-97. For accuracy of the functions in different regions see IF-97 Page 4

Also includes thermal conductivity and viscosity, which are not part of the IF97 release.

- Thermal Conductivity: (IAPWS 1998) http://www.iapws.org/relguide/ThCond.pdf
- Viscosity: (2003)

Some effort has been made to include the refined function of more recent releases and also functions for calculations on heavy water. This includes:

- IAPWS R4
- IAPWS R14

## Contributors

In chronological order:

- IAPWS
- Magnus Holmgren
- drunsinn
- mohit0749
- gonmolina
- xjtu-blacksmith

## Requirements

There are no requirements for installing pyXSteam with Python 3.6 and up.

Tests require numpy, demos require numpy and matplotlib

## Install

run `python3 setup.py install`

To run unittests you need two additional packages: `pytest`

and `numpy`

. After installing both, just run pytest in
the base directory. The tests use some fixed values from the documentation to make sure that every coefficient
and formula works as intended.

To test if setup was successful, run `python3 bin/pyXSteamDemo.py`

. This will require numpy and matplotlib to be installed.

## Nomenclature

All Functions follow the same naming schema: First the wanted property,
then a underscore `_`

, then the wanted input properties Example:
`t_ph`

is temperature as a function of pressure and enthalpy. For a list
of valid functions se below:

Property | Description |
---|---|

t | Temperature (°C or °F) |

p | Pressure (bar or psi) |

h | Enthalpy (kJ/kg or btu/lb) |

v | Specific volume (m3/kg or ft^3/lb) |

rho | Density (kg/m3 or lb/ft^3) |

s | Specific entropy (kJ/(kg °C) or btu/(lb °F)) |

u | Specific internal energy (kJ/kg or btu/lb) |

Cp | Specific isobaric heat capacity (kJ/(kg °C) or btu/(lb °F)) |

Cv | Specific isochoric heat capacity (kJ/(kg °C) or btu/(lb °F)) |

w | Speed of sound (m/s or ft/s) |

my | Viscosity (N s/m^2 or lbm/ft/hr) |

tc | Thermal Conductivity (W/(m °C) or btu/(h ft °F)) |

st | Surface Tension (N/m or lb/ft) |

x | Vapor fraction |

vx | Vapor Volume Fraction |

## Usage

Simple Example:

```
from pyXSteam.XSteam import XSteam
steamTable = XSteam(XSteam.UNIT_SYSTEM_MKS)
print(steamTable.hL_p(220.0))
```

By using the unitSystem Parameter, you can tell XSteam witch Unit System you are using.

```
steamTable = XSteam(XSteam.UNIT_SYSTEM_MKS) # m/kg/sec/°C/bar/W
steamTable = XSteam(XSteam.UNIT_SYSTEM_FLS) # ft/lb/sec/°F/psi/btu
steamTable = XSteam(XSteam.UNIT_SYSTEM_BARE) # m/kg/sec/K/MPa/W
```

To enable logging, add the following lines to your code:

```
import logging
logging.basicConfig(level=logging.INFO)
```

or alternatively

```
import logging
logger = logging.getLogger('pyXSteam')
logger.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
sh = logging.StreamHandler()
sh.setFormatter(logging.Formatter('%(name)s - %(levelname)s - %(message)s'))
logger.addHandler(sh)
```

## Available Functions

### Temperature

Function | Description |
---|---|

tsat_p | Saturation temperature |

t_ph | Temperature as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

t_ps | Temperature as a function of pressure and entropy |

t_hs | Temperature as a function of enthalpy and entropy |

### Pressure

Function | Description |
---|---|

psat_t | Saturation pressure |

p_hs | Pressure as a function of h and s. |

p_hrho | Pressure as a function of h and rho. Very inaccurate for solid water region since it's almost incompressible! |

pmelt_t | Pressure as a function of temperature along the melting curve. Optional parameter to select ice region |

psubl_t | Pressure as a function of temperature along the sublimation curve. |

### Enthalpy

Function | Description |
---|---|

hV_p | Saturated vapor enthalpy |

hL_p | Saturated liquid enthalpy |

hV_t | Saturated vapor enthalpy |

hL_t | Saturated liquid enthalpy |

h_pt | Enthalpy as a function of pressure and temperature |

h_ps | Enthalpy as a function of pressure and entropy |

h_px | Enthalpy as a function of pressure and vapor fraction |

h_prho | Enthalpy as a function of pressure and density. Observe for low temperatures (liquid) this equation has 2 solutions |

h_tx | Enthalpy as a function of temperature and vapor fraction |

### Specific volume

Function | Description |
---|---|

vV_p | Saturated vapor volume |

vL_p | Saturated liquid volume |

vV_t | Saturated vapor volume |

vL_t | Saturated liquid volume |

v_pt | Specific volume as a function of pressure and temperature |

v_ph | Specific volume as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

v_ps | Specific volume as a function of pressure and entropy |

### Density

Function | Description |
---|---|

rhoV_p | Saturated vapor density |

rhoL_p | Saturated liquid density |

rhoV_t | Saturated vapor density |

rhoL_t | Saturated liquid density |

rho_pt | Density as a function of pressure and temperature |

rho_ph | Density as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

rho_ps | Density as a function of pressure and entropy |

### Specific entropy

Function | Description |
---|---|

sV_p | Saturated vapor entropy |

sL_p | Saturated liquid entropy |

sV_t | Saturated vapor entropy |

sL_t | Saturated liquid entropy |

s_pt | Specific entropy as a function of pressure and temperature (Returns saturated vapor enthalpy if mixture) |

s_ph | Specific entropy as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

### Specific internal energy

Function | Description |
---|---|

uV_p | Saturated vapor internal energy |

uL_p | Saturated liquid internal energy |

uV_t | Saturated vapor internal energy |

uL_t | Saturated liquid internal energy |

u_pt | Specific internal energy as a function of pressure and temperature |

u_ph | Specific internal energy as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

u_ps | Specific internal energy as a function of pressure and entropy |

### Specific isobaric heat capacity

Function | Description |
---|---|

CpV_p | Saturated vapor heat capacity |

CpL_p | Saturated liquid heat capacity |

CpV_t | Saturated vapor heat capacity |

CpL_t | Saturated liquid heat capacity |

Cp_pt | Specific isobaric heat capacity as a function of pressure and temperature |

Cp_ph | Specific isobaric heat capacity as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

Cp_ps | Specific isobaric heat capacity as a function of pressure and entropy |

### Specific isochoric heat capacity

Function | Description |
---|---|

CvV_p | Saturated vapor isochoric heat capacity |

CvL_p | Saturated liquid isochoric heat capacity |

CvV_t | Saturated vapor isochoric heat capacity |

CvL_t | Saturated liquid isochoric heat capacity |

Cv_pt | Specific isochoric heat capacity as a function of pressure and temperature |

Cv_ph | Specific isochoric heat capacity as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

Cv_ps | Specific isochoric heat capacity as a function of pressure and entropy |

### Speed of sound

Function | Description |
---|---|

wV_p | Saturated vapor speed of sound |

wL_p | Saturated liquid speed of sound |

wV_t | Saturated vapor speed of sound |

wL_t | Saturated liquid speed of sound |

w_pt | Speed of sound as a function of pressure and temperature |

w_ph | Speed of sound as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

w_ps | Speed of sound as a function of pressure and entropy |

### Viscosity

Function | Description |
---|---|

my_pt | Viscosity as a function of pressure and temperature |

my_ph | Viscosity as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

my_ps | Viscosity as a function of pressure and entropy |

### Thermal Conductivity

Function | Description |
---|---|

tcL_p | Saturated vapor thermal conductivity |

tcV_p | Saturated liquid thermal conductivity |

tcL_t | Saturated vapor thermal conductivity |

tcV_t | Saturated liquid thermal conductivity |

tc_pt | Thermal conductivity as a function of pressure and temperature |

tc_ph | Thermal conductivity as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

tc_hs | Thermal conductivity as a function of enthalpy and entropy |

### Surface tension

Function | Description |
---|---|

st_t | Surface tension for two phase water/steam as a function of T |

st_p | Surface tension for two phase water/steam as a function of p |

### vapor fraction

Function | Description |
---|---|

x_ph | vapor fraction as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

x_ps | vapor fraction as a function of pressure and entropy |

## vapor volume fraction

Function | Description |
---|---|

vx_ph | vapor volume fraction as a function of pressure and enthalpy |

vx_ps | vapor volume fraction as a function of pressure and entropy |

## Pressure along the Melting and Sublimation Curves

Function | Description |
---|---|

pmelt_t | Pressure along the melting curve as a function of temperature |

vx_psubl_tps | Pressure along the sublimation curve as a function of temperature |

# Available Functions for Heavy Water

Function | Description |
---|---|

my_rhoT | Viscosity as a function of density and temperature |

tc_rhoT | Thermal conductivity as a function of density and temperature |

# Development

- pull requests are always wellcome!
- code style is enforced by black

## Project details

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