An Object-Oriented Active Directory management framework built on ADSI
pyad is a python library designed to provide a simple, object oriented interface to Active Directory through ADSI on the Windows platform. pyad requires pywin32, available at http://sourceforge.net/projects/pywin32.
pyad is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
A copy of the GNU General Public License is available at <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
Active Directory objects are represented by standard python objects. There are classes for all major types of Active Directory objects: ADComputer, ADContainer, ADDomain, ADGroup, ADUser, all of which inherit from ADObject. It is possible to connect to objects via CN, DN, and GUID. The type will automatically be selected at runtime. Example:
from pyad import pyad u = pyad.from_cn("user1") c = pyad.from_dn("cn=WS1,ou=Workstations,dc=domain,dc=com") g = pyad.from_cn("group1")
It is possible to read attribute values in two ways.:
print u.displayName print u.get_attribute("displayName")
Attributes can be set by calling clear_attribute, update_attribute, update_attributes, append_to_attribute, and remove_from_attribute. Example:
u.update_attribute("displayName", "new value")
There are other helper methods available for managing attributes. We provide further examples below for common actions for each object type.
Finding group members:
for object in g.get_members(recursive=False): print object
Adding an object to a group:
Set group scope:
Force password change on login:
Find all objects in an OU:
ou = pyad.adcontainer.ADContainer.from_dn("OU=Workstations,DC=company,DC=com") for obj in ou.get_children(): print obj
Recursively find all computers below a certain OU:
for c in ou.get_children(recursive=True, filter=[pyad.adcomputer.ADComputer]): print c
It is possible to create objects through pyad. Example:
ou = pyad.adcontainer.ADContainer.from_dn("OU=Workstations,DC=company,DC=com") c = pyad.adcomputer.ADComputer.create( name = 'myworkstation2', container_object = ou, enable = True, optional_attributes = dict( description = "newly created computer" ) )
It is also possible to make queries to find objects. Example:
q = pyad.adquery.ADQuery() q.execute_query( attributes = ['distinguishedname', 'description'], where_clause = "cn like 'ws%'", base_dn = "dc=company,dc=com" ) for r in q.get_results(): print r['distinguishedname']
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