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BabylonJS widget

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The TileDB-PyBabylonJS library is a geospatial data visualization Python library that interactively visualizes TileDB arrays with Babylon.js in a Jupyter notebook widget.

The package is under development and currently contains point cloud visualizations with the option to stream all data from a TileDB array or define a bounding box to load a slice of the array


This project is available from PyPI and can be installed with pip:

pip install pybabylonjs

If you are using Jupyter Notebook 5.2 or earlier, you may also need to enable the nbextension:

jupyter nbextension enable --py [--sys-prefix|--user|--system] pybabylonjs

Development Installation

Create and activate a development environment:

conda create -n pybabylonjs-dev -c conda-forge nodejs yarn python tree scipy 'pyarrow>2' numpy pandas tiledb-py jupyter-packaging jupyterlab

conda activate pybabylonjs-dev

pip install opencv-python

Fork or clone the repo and go to the main directory. Install the TileDB-PyBabylonJS Python package that will also build the TypeScript package:

pip install -e ".[test, examples]"

When developing extensions you need to manually enable the extensions with the notebook / lab frontend. For jupyter lab this is done by the command:

jupyter labextension install @jupyter-widgets/jupyterlab-manager
yarn run build
jupyter labextension install .

For a classic notebook you need to run:

jupyter nbextension install --sys-prefix --symlink --overwrite --py pybabylonjs
jupyter nbextension enable --sys-prefix --py pybabylonjs

Note that the --symlink flag doesn't work on Windows, so you will here have to run the install command every time that you rebuild your extension. For certain installations you might also need another flag instead of --sys-prefix.

How to see your changes


The TypeScript code for the visualizations can be found in the TileDB-Viz repository. After making changes in TileDB-Viz build the package with:

yarn build

To then see these changes in TileDB-PyBabylonJS run:

yarn add file:/path/to/TileDB-Viz/packages/core

yarn build

And restart the notebook kernel.


When you make a change to the Python code rebuild the package and restart the notebook kernel to see your changes.


Jupyter notebooks are provided in the examples folder for the following visualizations:

Sign up for a TileDB account and display a point cloud visualization from a TileDB cloud sparse array by specifying the bounding box of a slice of data:

from pybabylonjs import Show as show

bbox = {
    'X': [636800, 637200],
    'Y': [852800, 853100],
    'Z': [406.14, 615.26]

lidar_array = "autzen-classified"

                 uri = "tiledb://TileDB-Inc/autzen_classified_tiledb",
                 bbox = bbox,
                 point_size = 3,
                 rgb_max = 65535,
                 camera_up = 25,
                 camera_location = 2,
                 camera_zoom = [2,2,2],
                 point_type = 'fixed_screen_size',

Or stream all data from a group of arrays:

                 point_size = 4,
                 wheel_precision = 0.2,
                 color_scheme = 'dark',
                 width = 1200,
                 height = 800,             
                 rgb_max = 255,
                 point_budget = 3500000,
                 camera_location = 8,
                 camera_zoom = [1, 1, 2],
                 camera_up = 50, 
                 move_speed = 8,
                 point_type = 'fixed_world_size')


The following parameters can be set for a point cloud visualization:

  • camera_location is the location of the arcRotateCamera in relation to the centre of the point cloud. 1: south, 2: south-east, 3: east, 4: north-east, 5: north, 6: north-west, 7: west, 8: south-west and 9: looking down from above the centre of the point cloud
  • camera_up is the height of the initial location of the freeCamera
  • camera_zoom scales the camera position relative to the centre of the point cloud with [1,1,1] being in the default position and [2,2,2] is then twice a far away from the centre in the X, Y and Z direction
  • color_scheme is the initial background color: dark (default), light or blue
  • data is the dictionary with the point cloud data when source = dict. This dictionary needs to contain values for the location X, Y and Z and the RGB color for each point Red, Green and Blue
  • height is the height of the display window in pixels
  • point_size is the size of the points
  • point_type is the interactive point size type
    • fixed_screen_size (default): each point has a constant size in pixels regardless of its distance to the camera
    • fixed_world_space: each point has a constant size in world space. This value should be set accordingly to the spacing of the points in world space
    • adaptive_world_space: the same as fixed_world_space for the below example. But when streaming point cloud data, the point size depends on the locally loaded LODs at each point. The point density across all blocks of the same LOD should be the same and the point density should double at each LOD
  • source is the data source (cloud (default), local or dict)
  • use_sps=True displays the points as 3D blocks using a Solid Particle System
  • use_shader=True adds the EDL shading
  • edl_strength is the strenght of the shader
  • wheel_precision gives control over how fast to zoom with the mouse wheel
  • width is the width of the display window in pixels

Navigating the point cloud

There are two different cameras available to navigate the point cloud, the arcRotateCamera and freeCamera. Toggle between them with c. The initial camera is always the arcRotateCamera


  • Zoom in and out with the scroll wheel
  • Rotate by dragging the mouse with left button down
  • The parameter wheel_precision gives control over how fast to zoom with the mouse wheel
  • The camera location and distance from the centre of the points can be changed with camera_location and camera_zoom
  • Rotate through the camera_locations with v
  • Change the background color between dark and light with b


  • Move forward: w or up
  • Move backward: s or down
  • Move up: e
  • Move down: q
  • Move to the left: a or left
  • Move to the right: d or right
  • Rotate by dragging the mouse with left button down
  • The initial camera position is the centre of the point cloud, the height of the location can be changed with the parameter camera_up
  • The camera speed can be changed with the parameter move_speed
  • Change the background color between dark and light with b

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