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programmatic access to concepticon-data

Project description


Tooling to access and curate Concepticon data.

Build Status codecov PyPI


pyconcepticon can be installed from PyPI running

pip install pyconcepticon

Note that pyconcepticon requires a clone or export of the concepticon data repository.


To use pyconcepticon you must have a local copy of the Concepticon data, i.e. either

  • the sources of a released version, as provided in the Downloads section of a release, or
  • a clone of this repository (or your personal fork of it).
  • or a released version of the data as archived on ZENODO.

Python API

Assuming you have downloaded release 1.2.0 DOI and unpacked the sources to a directory clld-concepticon-data-41d2bf0, you can access the data as follows:

>>> from pyconcepticon import Concepticon
>>> api = Concepticon('clld-concepticon-data-41d2bf0')
>>> conceptlist = list(api.conceptlists.values())[0]
'Perrin, Loïc-Michel'
>>> conceptlist.tags
>>> len(conceptlist.concepts)
>>> list(conceptlist.concepts.values())[0]
    id='Perrin-2010-110-1', number='1', concepticon_id='1906', concepticon_gloss='SOUR', gloss=None, 
    english='ACID', attributes={'german': 'sauer', 'french': 'acide'}, 
        _api=<pyconcepticon.api.Concepticon object at 0x7f31693be518>, 
        id='Perrin-2010-110', author='Perrin, Loïc-Michel', year=2010, list_suffix='', items=110, 
        tags=['annotated'], source_language=['english', 'french', 'german'], 
        refs=['Perrin2010'], pdf=['Perrin2010'], 
        note='This list was used as an initial questionnaire for colexification studies on a world-wide sample of languages.', 
        pages='276f', alias=[], local=False))

Command line interface

Having installed pyconcepticon, you can also directly query concept lists via the terminal command concepticon. To learn about the functionality it provides run

$ concepticon -h
usage: concepticon [-h] [--log-level LOG_LEVEL] [--repos REPOS]
                   [--repos-version REPOS_VERSION]
                   COMMAND ...

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --log-level LOG_LEVEL
                        log level [ERROR|WARN|INFO|DEBUG] (default: 20)
  --repos REPOS         clone of concepticon/concepticon-data
  --repos-version REPOS_VERSION
                        version of repository data. Requires a git clone!
                        (default: None)

available commands:
  Run "COMAMND -h" to get help for a specific command.

    attributes          Print all columns in concept lists that contain
                        surplus information.

To learn about individual subcommands run concepticon COMMAND -h, e.g.

$ concepticon intersection -h
usage: concepticon intersection [-h] CONCEPTLIST [CONCEPTLIST ...]

Compute the intersection of concepts for a number of concept lists.

This takes concept relations into account by searching for each concept
set for broader concept sets in the depth of two edges on the network. If
one concept A in one list is broader than concept B in another list, the
concept A will be retained, and this will be marked in output. If two lists
share the same broader concept, they will also be retained, but only, if
none of the narrower concepts match. As a default we use a depth of 2 for
the search.

positional arguments:
  CONCEPTLIST  Path to (or ID of) concept list in TSV format

optional arguments:
  -h, --help   show this help message and exit

An example of the intersection between two lists looks as follows:

$ concepticon --repos=clld-concepticon-data-41d2bf0 intersection Swadesh-1955-100 Swadesh-1952-200

This yields an output of 93 lines, which look as follows:

 69  SKIN                    [763 ] SKIN (HUMAN) (1, Swadesh-1952-200)
 70  SLEEP                   [1585]
 71  SMALL                   [1246]
 72  SMOKE (EXHAUST)         [778 ]

The output can interpreted as follows: The first number shows the number in the intersection of items (alphabetically ordered, following the Concepticon gloss). The Concepticon gloss is shown as a next item. If it is preceded by an asterisk, this means that the mapping was not complete, as it involves concept relations. The alternative concept sets are then listed in the end of the line. The number in squared brackets indicates the Concepticon concept set ID.

You can use the same technique with the command "union", to obtain the union of two concept lists.

To create a user interface which allows you to explore concepticon concepts in the browser, run

$ concepticon --repos=clld-concepticon-data-41d2bf0 app


Python API as well as CLI can lookup the location of the data from a cldfcatalog config file, under the key concepticon.

Such a config file (and the repository clone) can be created automatically, by installing cldfbench and running cldfbench config.

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