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A data contracts system for python loosly modeled after django forms.

Project description

A declarative data contract container type for Python

Pycontracts is currently an internal beta and not ready for production use yet.

Python data contracts (pycontracts in PyPi) is a library for exchanging data between systems. It is losesly based on the django forms api to help ease adoption. A simple example:

from pycontract import DataContract, StringField, NumberField

class Person(DataContract):
    name = StringField()
    phone = StringField(null=True)
    age = NumberField(null=True)

bob = Person()
bob["name"] = "Bob Smith"
bob["phone"] = "999-555-1234"
bob["age"] = 32

In this example the contract for person is declared and the record for bob is instantiated. In addition to the basic data we can add processors which manipulate or clean the data as well as validators which validate the data similar to django validators.


  • Customizable validation (compatible with django validators).

  • Data processors to clean up and format data.

  • Declarative field definitions.

  • Enforced value assignment helps avoid regression errors.

  • Licensed under the MIT License.

Basic Usage

The first step is define a basic contract. This is done by inheriting from pycontract.DataContract. Next we decide if there is standard processing that is needed for each field. For example we could use the strip_white_space processor to call pythons strip on each value. Finally we decide if there is any extra validation that is needed on the values. For example to ensure that the persons name starts with an “a” we could use the RegexValidator. So with this information we would declare this DataContract like this:

from pycontract import DataContract, StringField, NumberField, strip_white_space, RegexValidator

class Person(DataContract):
    name = StringField(processors=(strip_white_space,), validators=(RegexValidator(r"[aA].+"),))
    phone = StringField(null=True)
    age = NumberField(null=True)

Now at runtime we can set the values, check for a valid contract and finally access the values. That would like something like this:

>>> manny = Person()
>>> manny["name"] = "Angel Man "
>>> manny["phone"] = "999555-1234"
>>> manny["age"] = 22
>>> manny.is_valid()
>>> print
'Angel Man'

This is early release and the code base is very short, so for more information see the code. The source code can be found at github.

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