ISO country, subdivision, language, currency and script definitions and their translations
pycountry provides the ISO databases for the standards:
- Deleted countries
- Subdivisions of countries
The package includes a copy from Debian’s
pkg-isocodes and makes the data
accessible through a Python API.
Translation files for the various strings are included as well.
Data update policy
No changes to the data will be accepted into pycountry. This is a pure wrapper
around the ISO standard using the
pkg-isocodes database from Debian as is.
If you need changes to the politicial situation in the world, please talk to
the ISO or Debian people, not me.
Countries (ISO 3166)
Countries are accessible through a database object that is already configured upon import of pycountry and works as an iterable:
>>> import pycountry >>> len(pycountry.countries) 249 >>> list(pycountry.countries) <pycountry.db.Country object at 0x...>
Specific countries can be looked up by their various codes and provide the information included in the standard as attributes:
>>> germany = pycountry.countries.get(alpha2='DE') >>> germany <pycountry.db.Country object at 0x...> >>> germany.alpha2 u'DE' >>> germany.alpha3 u'DEU' >>> germany.numeric u'276' >>> germany.name u'Germany' >>> germany.official_name u'Federal Republic of Germany'
historic_countries database contains former countries that have been
removed from the standard and are now included in ISO 3166-3, in addition
to the existing ones:
>>> ussr = pycountry.historic_countries.get(alpha2='SU') >>> ussr <pycountry.db.Country object at 0x...> >>> ussr.alpha4 u'SUHH' >>> ussr.alpha3 u'SUN' >>> ussr.name u'USSR, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics' >>> ussr.date_withdrawn u'1992-08-30' >>> ussr.deleted True >>> russia = pycountry.historic_countries.get(alpha2='RU') >>> russia <pycountry.db.Country object at 0x...> >>> russia.name u'Russian Federation' >>> russia.deleted False
Country subdivisions (ISO 3166-2)
The country subdivisions are a little more complex than the countries itself because they provide a nested and typed structure.
All subdivisons can be accessed directly:
>>> len(pycountry.subdivisions) 4847 >>> list(pycountry.subdivisions) <pycountry.db.Subdivision object at 0x...>
Subdivisions can be accessed using their unique code and provide at least their code, name and type:
>>> de_st= pycountry.subdivisions.get(code='DE-ST') >>> de_st.code u'DE-ST' >>> de_st.name u'Sachsen-Anhalt' >>> de_st.type u'State' >>> de_st.country <pycountry.db.Country object at 0x...>
Some subdivisions specify another subdivision as a parent:
>>> al_br = pycountry.subdivisions.get(code='AL-BU') >>> al_br.code u'AL-BU' >>> al_br.name u'Bulqiz\xeb' >>> al_br.type u'District' >>> al_br.parent_code u'AL-09' >>> al_br.parent <pycountry.db.Subdivision object at 0x...> >>> al_br.parent.name u'Dib\xebr'
The divisions of a single country can be queried using the country_code index:
>>> len(pycountry.subdivisions.get(country_code='DE')) 16>>> len(pycountry.subdivisions.get(country_code='US')) 57
Scripts (ISO 15924)
Scripts are available from a database similar to the countries:
>>> len(pycountry.scripts) 163 >>> list(pycountry.scripts) <pycountry.db.Script object at 0x...>>>> latin = pycountry.scripts.get(name='Latin') >>> latin <pycountry.db.Script object at 0x...> >>> latin.alpha4 u'Latn' >>> latin.name u'Latin' >>> latin.numeric u'215'
Currencies (ISO 4217)
The currencies database is, again, similar to the ones before:
>>> len(pycountry.currencies) 182 >>> list(pycountry.currencies) <pycountry.db.Currency object at 0x...>>>> argentine_peso = pycountry.currencies.get(letter='ARS') >>> argentine_peso <pycountry.db.Currency object at 0x...> >>> argentine_peso.letter u'ARS' >>> argentine_peso.name u'Argentine Peso' >>> argentine_peso.numeric u'032'
Languages (ISO 639)
The languages database is similar too:
>>> len(pycountry.languages) 487 >>> list(pycountry.languages) <pycountry.db.Language object at 0x...>>>> aragonese = pycountry.languages.get(alpha2='an') >>> aragonese.alpha2 u'an' >>> aragonese.bibliographic u'arg' >>> aragonese.terminology u'arg' >>> aragonese.name u'Aragonese'>>> bengali = pycountry.languages.get(alpha2='bn') >>> bengali.name u'Bengali' >>> bengali.common_name u'Bangla'
Locales are available in the
pycountry.LOCALES_DIR subdirectory of this
package. The translation domains are called
isoXXX according to the standard
they provide translations for. The directory is structured in a way compatible
to Python’s gettext module.
Here is an example translating language names:
>>> import gettext >>> german = gettext.translation('iso3166', pycountry.LOCALES_DIR, ... languages=['de']) >>> german.install() >>> _('Germany') 'Deutschland'
- Downgrade the warning message about duplication in the databases to ‘debug’ as users of the library can’t really do anything about it (except nagging upstream DB maintainers).
- Update database to isocodes 3.47
- Update database to isocodes 3.46
- Provide acess to historical country information (ISO 3166-3). Thanks to @pferreir who provided the pull request.
- Switch buildout to 2.2, enforce using setuptools
- Update to iso-codes 3.45.
- Refactor dependencies to avoid test dependencies screwing up other peoples’ projects by accidentally installing plugins.
- Update to iso-codes 3.44.
- Update to iso-codes 3.43.
- Switch testing to pytest.
- Make Python 3 compatible.
- Update to iso-codes 3.41.
- Update to iso-codes 3.40.
- Adapt Language objects to include
common_nameattribute added in iso-codes 3.40.
- Update to iso-codes 3.39.
- Re-add the patch that should have been 0.14.4. Migrating to mercurial caused me to miss it.
- Explicitly unlink DOM tree to support (faster) memory deallocation. Thanks to Romuald Brunet.
- Update data to iso-codes 3.38.
- Update data to iso-codes 3.37.
- Nothing changed yet.
- Update data to iso-codes 3.26.
- Applied patch from Pedro Araujo which removes the somewhat superfluous dependency on lxml to the builtin minidom. This seems to consistently turn all strings into unicode even if they only contain ASCII characters.
- Remedy brown-bag release 0.12 which was missing all data files due to a bad interaction between the build system for the data and zest.releaeser’s full-release script.
- Follow Debian repository to git.
- Upgrade data to revision 770fa9cd603f90f9fb982b32fe6f45d253f1d33e as requested by #5488 and others.
- Reflect subdivision changes with how they reference their parents in the XML (they used to use space as a separator but now use a hyphen).
- Refactor index building structures a bit.
- Remove superfluous ‘code’ index from subdivision database. (Together with the data upgrade this also gets rid of all the annoying warnings as described in #6667).
- Some light PEP 8 improvements.
- Updated Debian repository to r1752.
- Added support for country subdivisions (ISO 3166-2).
- Initial release