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GIS package for reading, writing, and converting between CRS formats.

Project description

PyCRSx
=====

PyCRSx is a modified clone of the `PyCRS package <https://github.com/karimbahgat/PyCRS>`_ to make it compatible on Python 3.5 and 3.6.

PyCRSx is a pure Python GIS package for reading, writing, and converting
between various common coordinate reference system (CRS) string and data
source formats.

Below is the description from the original PyCRS package.

Introduction
------------

Python should have a standalone GIS library focused solely on coordinate
reference system metadata. That is, a library focused on the various
formats used to store and represent crs definitions, including OGC WKT,
ESRI WKT, Proj4, and various short-codes defined by organizations like
EPSG, ESRI, and SR-ORG. Correctly parsing and converting between these
formats is essential in many types of GIS work. For instance when trying
to use PyProj to transform coordinates from a non-proj4 crs format. Or
when wanting to convert the crs from a GeoJSON file to a .prj file. Or
when simply adding a crs definition to a file that was previously
missing one.

When I created PyCRS, the only way to read and convert between crs
formats was to use the extensive Python GDAL suite and its srs
submodule, but the requirements of some applications might exclude the
use of GDAL. There have also been some online websites/services, but
these only allow partial lookups or one-way conversion from one format
to another. I therefore hope that PyCRS will make it easier for
lightweight applications to read a broader range of data files and
correctly interpret and possibly transform their crs definitions.
Written entirely in Python I also hope it will help clarify the
differences between the various formats, and make it easier for more
people to help keep it up-to-date and bug-free.

Status
------

Currently, the supported formats are OGC WKT (v1), ESRI WKT, Proj4, and
any EPSG, ESRI, or SR-ORG code available from spatialreference.org. In
the future I hope to add support for OGC URN identifier strings, and
GeoTIFF file tags.

The package is still in alpha version, so it will not perfectly parse or
convert between all crs, and it is likely to have several (hopefully
minor) differences from the results of other parsers like GDAL. In the
source repository there is a tester.py script, which uses a barrage of
commonly used crs as listed on
http://www.remotesensing.org/geotiff/proj\_list/. Currently, the overall
success rate for loading as well as converting between the three main
formats is 70-90%, and visual inspections of rendering the world with
each crs generally look correct. However, whether the converted crs
strings are logically equivalent to each other from a mathematical
standpoint is something that needs a more detailed quality check.

Platforms
---------

Python 2 and 3, all systems (Windows, Linux, and Mac).

Dependencies
------------

Pure Python, no dependencies.

Installing it
-------------

PyCRSx is installed with pip from the commandline:

::

pip install pycrsx

It also works to just place the "pycrsx" package folder in an importable
location like "PythonXX/Lib/site-packages".

PyCRSx can also be installed via conda:

::

conda install -c mullenkamp pycrsx

Example Usage
-------------

Begin by importing the pycrs module:

::

import pycrsx

Reading
~~~~~~~

The first point of action when dealing with a data source's crs is that
you should be able to parse it correctly. In most situations this will
mean reading the ESRI .prj file that accomponies a shapefile or some
other file. PyCRS has a convenience function for doing that:

::

fromcrs = pycrsx.loader.from_file("path/to/shapefilename.prj")

The same function also supports reading the crs from GeoJSON files:

::

fromcrs = pycrsx.loader.from_file("path/to/geojsonfile.json")

If your crs is not defined in a file there are also functions for that.
For instance if you know the url where the crs is defined you can do:

::

fromcrs = pycrsx.loader.from_url("www.somesite.com/someproj")

Or if you are provided with the actual string representation of the crs,
given by a web service for instance, you can load it using the
appropriate function from the parser module or let PyCRS autodetect and
load the crs type for you:

::

fromcrs = pycrsx.parser.from_unknown_text(somecrs_string)

Converting
~~~~~~~~~~

Once you have read the crs of the original data source, you may want to
convert it to some other crs format. A common reason for wanting this
for instance, is if you want to reproject the coordinates of your
spatial data. In Python this is typically done with the PyProj module
which only takes proj4 strings, so you would have to convert your
datasource's crs to proj4:

::

fromcrs_proj4 = fromcrs.to_proj4()

You can then use PyCRS to define your target projection in the string
format of your choice, before converting it to the proj4 format that
PyProj expects:

::

tocrs = pycrsx.parser.from_esri_code(54030) # Robinson projection from esri code
tocrs_proj4 = tocrs.to_proj4()

With the source and target projections defined in the proj4 crs format,
you are ready to transform your data coordinates with PyProj, which is
not covered here.

Writing
~~~~~~~

After you transform your data coordinates you may also wish to save the
data back to file along with the new crs. With PyCRS you can do this in
a variety of crs format. For instance:

::

with open("shapefile.prj", "w") as writer:
writer.write(tocrs.to_esri_wkt())

PyCRS also gives access to each crs element and parameter that make up a
crs in the "elements" subpackage, so you could potentially also build a
crs from scratch and then save it to a format of your choice. Inspect
the parser submodule source code for inspiration on how to go about
this.

More Information:
-----------------

This tutorial only covered some basic examples. For the full list of
functions and supported crs formats, check out the API Documentation.

- `Home Page <http://github.com/karimbahgat/PyCRS>`__
- `API Documentation <http://pythonhosted.org/PyCRS>`__

License:
--------

This code is free to share, use, reuse, and modify according to the MIT
license, see license.txt

Credits:
--------

- Karim Bahgat
- Micah Cochrain
- Wassname

Changes
-------

0.1.3 (2016-06-25)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

- Fixed various bugs
- Pip install fix for Mac and Linux
- Python 3 compatability

0.1.2 (2015-08-05)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

- First official release

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