Elastic-net regularized generalized linear models.
A python implementation of elastic-net regularized generalized linear models
Generalized linear models are well-established tools for regression and classification and are widely applied across the sciences, economics, business, and finance. They are uniquely identifiable due to their convex loss and easy to interpret due to their point-wise non-linearities and well-defined noise models.
In the era of exploratory data analyses with a large number of predictor variables, it is important to regularize. Regularization prevents overfitting by penalizing the negative log likelihood and can be used to articulate prior knowledge about the parameters in a structured form.
Despite the attractiveness of regularized GLMs, the available tools in the Python data science eco-system are highly fragmented. More specifically,
- statsmodels provides a wide range of link functions but no regularization.
- scikit-learn provides elastic net regularization but only for linear models.
- lightning provides elastic net and group lasso regularization, but only for linear and logistic regression.
Pyglmnet is a response to this fragmentation. It runs on Python 3.5+, and here are some of the highlights.
- Pyglmnet provides a wide range of noise models (and paired canonical link functions): 'gaussian', 'binomial', 'probit', 'gamma', ‘poisson’, and 'softplus'.
- It supports a wide range of regularizers: ridge, lasso, elastic net, group lasso, and Tikhonov regularization.
- Pyglmnet’s API is designed to be compatible with scikit-learn, so you can deploy Pipeline tools such as GridSearchCV() and cross_val_score().
- We follow the same approach and notations as in Friedman, J., Hastie, T., & Tibshirani, R. (2010) and the accompanying widely popular R package.
- We have implemented a cyclical coordinate descent optimizer with Newton update, active sets, update caching, and warm restarts. This optimization approach is identical to the one used in R package.
- A number of Python wrappers exist for the R glmnet package (e.g. here and here) but in contrast to these, Pyglmnet is a pure python implementation. Therefore, it is easy to modify and introduce additional noise models and regularizers in the future.
Install the stable PyPI version with pip
$ pip install pyglmnet
For the bleeding edge development version:
Clone the repository.
$ pip install https://api.github.com/repos/glm-tools/pyglmnet/zipball/master
Here is an example on how to use the GLM estimator.
import numpy as np import scipy.sparse as sps from pyglmnet import GLM, simulate_glm n_samples, n_features = 1000, 100 distr = 'poisson' # sample a sparse model beta0 = np.random.rand() beta = np.random.random(n_features) beta[beta < 0.9] = 0 # simulate data Xtrain = np.random.normal(0.0, 1.0, [n_samples, n_features]) ytrain = simulate_glm('poisson', beta0, beta, Xtrain) Xtest = np.random.normal(0.0, 1.0, [n_samples, n_features]) ytest = simulate_glm('poisson', beta0, beta, Xtest) # create an instance of the GLM class glm = GLM(distr='poisson', score_metric='deviance') # fit the model on the training data glm.fit(Xtrain, ytrain) # predict using fitted model on the test data yhat = glm.predict(Xtest) # score the model on test data deviance = glm.score(Xtest, ytest)
Here is an extensive tutorial on GLMs, optimization and pseudo-code.
How to contribute?
We welcome pull requests. Please see our developer documentation page for more details.
MIT License Copyright (c) 2016-2019 Pavan Ramkumar
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