Control of data acquisition with remote instruments using IVI-C or IVI-COM, Visa, and serial protocols.
What is it
pyivi is a thin wrapper layer that is aware of all IVI-drivers installed on a windows computer and can wrap them to interface remote instruments from python modules or scripts. Since IVI-COM drivers are not always provided, IVI-C is also supported.
The specificity of pyivi is that it is not re-implementing the IVI interface using lower-level communication protocols, but rather directly communicating with the installed IVI-drivers. The main advantage of this approach is that all the boring code that needs to be written for every new instrument is done by the instrument’s manufacturer (99% of the instruments come with either IVI-C or IVI-COM drivers). The drawback is that pyivi is not cross-platform and needs to run on a windows computer.
Step-by-step communication with a spectrum analyzer:
A good example is better than 10000 words, so let’s try and install a new Agilent MXA N9020A Spectrum analyzer. If you don’t have 20 000 $ to spend just for the sake of testing pyivi, that’s OK, IVI drivers come with a simulation feature. We’ll go step-by-step to the point where we can communicate with our simulated spectrum analyzer.
1/ Install pyivi using the windows installer below.
2/ Install the IVI-driver for the MXA N9020A from Agilent’s website (you might have to create an account for this… ;-/) http://www.home.agilent.com/agilent/software.jspx?ckey=2044474&lc=eng&cc=US&nid=-33932.536910861&id=2044474 If this is the first IVI-driver you have been installing, you will be asked to install the IVI-shared components as well. They can be found for free either from National Instruments or directly from the IVI foundation website: http://www.ivifoundation.org/shared_components/
3/ Open your favorite python interpreter and look at the IVI software_modules installed on your computer
import pyivi pyivi.software_modules
You should see the software module AgXSan that was just installed. This module provides at the same time an IVI-C and an IVI-COM interface. Every time a new IVI software module is installed it will appear in this list.
4/ Create a connection to a virtual N9020A instrument:
comspecan = pyivi.ivi_instrument('dummy_address', model='N9020A', simulate=True)
In the case where you would have a real instrument connected at address ‘USB0::12345678::INSTR’, the following code would have been enough:
comspecan = pyivi.ivi_instrument('USB0::12345678::INSTR')
The model would have been queried directly using the IDN? command. By default, the instrument uses the IVI-COM interface, but we can ask for the IVI-C interface using the appropriate keyword argument:
cspecan = ivi_instrument('dummy_address', flavour='IVI-C', model='N9020A', simulate=True)
That’s it! You can now browse through the attributes and functions of the instrument.
If you have tried both flavours of the driver, you have noticed that some attributes are not accessed in the same way, for instance, to set the measurement bandwidth to 10 kHz, one would write:
cspecan.resolution_bandwidth = 10000 # IVI-C interface comspecan.sweep_coupling.resolution_bandwidth = 10000 # IVI-COM interface
Of course, that’s not very nice for us because, mostly, we will be using one or the other versions of the drivers interface because it is the only one available. Moreover, some functions are quite cumbersome to locate for instance, with trace-related capabilities. For this reason, shortcuts commands, identical for IVI-C and IVI-COM interfaces have been added:
5/ Using shortcut commands (on IVI-C or IVI-COM drivers):
cspecan.sc.trace_idx = 2 # all the manipulation will be performed on 'Trace2' cspecan.sc.fetch() # Fetches the simulated trace
- In the current versions, the following IVI apis are supported:
- IviScope (IVI-C, IVI-COM)
- IviSpecAn (IVI-C, IVI-COM)
- IviFGen (IVI-C)
The software module AgNA to control Agilent Network analyzers is also supported via the COM api.
Tested already on the following IVI software modules:
tktds1k2k, tkafg3k, AgSAn, Ag34410, ww257x, lcscope, AgInfiniiVision, AgM933x, TekScope, AgilentSAnBasic, AgN57xx, Tkdpo2k3k4k, Ag532xx, AgNA, AgXSAn,
- comtypes (for communication with the IVI-configuration store and IVI-COM drivers)
- ctypes (for communication with IVI-C drivers)
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