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python code static checker

Project description

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What is Pylint?

Pylint is a static code analyser for Python 2 or 3. The latest version supports Python 3.7.2 and above.

Pylint analyses your code without actually running it. It checks for errors, enforces a coding standard, looks for code smells, and can make suggestions about how the code could be refactored.

Install

For command line use, pylint is installed with:

pip install pylint

Or if you want to also check spelling with enchant (you might need to install the enchant C library):

pip install pylint[spelling]

It can also be integrated in most editors or IDEs. More information can be found in the documentation.

What differentiate Pylint?

Pylint is not trusting your typing and is inferring the actual value of nodes (for a start because there was no typing when pylint started off) using its internal code representation (astroid). If your code is import logging as argparse, Pylint can check and know that argparse.error(...) is in fact a logging call and not an argparse call. This makes pylint slower, but it also let pylint find more issues if your code is not fully typed.

[inference] is the killer feature that keeps us using [pylint] in our project despite how painfully slow it is. - Realist pylint user, 2022

pylint, not afraid of being a little slower than it already is, is also a lot more thorough than other linters. There is more checks, some opinionated one that are deactivated by default, but can be enabled using configuration.

How to use pylint

Pylint isn’t smarter than you: it may warn you about things that you have conscientiously done or check for some things that you don’t care about. During adoption, especially in a legacy project where pylint was never enforced, it’s best to start with the --errors-only flag, then disable convention and refactor message with --disable=C,R and progressively re-evaluate and re-enable messages as your priorities evolve.

Pylint is highly configurable and permits to write plugins in order to add your own checks (for example, for internal libraries or an internal rule). Pylint also has an ecosystem of existing plugins for popular frameworks and third party libraries.

Advised linters alongside pylint

Projects that you might want to use alongside pylint include ruff (really fast, with builtin auto-fix, and a growing number of checks taken from popular linters but implemented in rust) or flake8 (faster and simpler checks with very few false positives), mypy, pyright or pyre (typing checks), bandit (security oriented checks), black and isort (auto-formatting), autoflake (automated removal of unused imports or variables), pyupgrade (automated upgrade to newer python syntax) and pydocstringformatter (automated pep257).

Additional tools included in pylint

Pylint ships with two additional tools:

  • pyreverse (standalone tool that generates package and class diagrams.)

  • symilar (duplicate code finder that is also integrated in pylint)

Contributing

We welcome all forms of contributions such as updates for documentation, new code, checking issues for duplicates or telling us that we can close them, confirming that issues still exist, creating issues because you found a bug or want a feature, etc. Everything is much appreciated!

Please follow the code of conduct and check the Contributor Guides if you want to make a code contribution.

Show your usage

You can place this badge in your README to let others know your project uses pylint.

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Learn how to add a badge to your documentation in the the badge documentation.

License

pylint is, with a few exceptions listed below, GPLv2.

The icon files are licensed under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license:

Support

Please check the contact information.

Tidelift

Professional support for pylint is available as part of the Tidelift Subscription. Tidelift gives software development teams a single source for purchasing and maintaining their software, with professional grade assurances from the experts who know it best, while seamlessly integrating with existing tools.

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