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An experimental Buildout recipe backwards-compatible with zc.buildout.egg but with extra features for Pylons users.

Project description

This is a recipe for use with Buildout. It is identical to Buildout’s zc.recipe.egg but has the following extra features:

  • Can install the scripts from any dependent package

  • Can setup an executable interpreter if you provide a suitable application for your platform

To get started first download the Buildout bootstrap:

wget "*checkout*/zc.buildout/trunk/bootstrap/"

Then create a buildout.cfg file, replacing /path/to/pylons/app/src with the path to your Pylons application and replacing PylonsApp with the name of your application:

develop = /path/to/pylons/app/src
parts = python

recipe = pylons_sandbox
interpreter = python
eggs = PylonsApp

You can now buildout your application:

$ python
$ bin/buildout

So far the pylons_sandbox recipe has behaved exaclty the same as the default zc.buildout.egg recipe, installing all the required dependencies for your Pylons app to the local buildout sandbox. It has also set you up with a bin/python script and a bin/buildout script which you can use to buildout any future changes.

For Pylons use you should set the option dependent_scripts=True so that scripts from packages such as Nose and PasteScript get created in the bin directoy:

develop = /path/to/pylons/app/src
parts = python

recipe = pylons_sandbox
interpreter = python
eggs = PylonsApp
dependent_scripts = True

Now run the following to re-buildout the directory:

$ bin/buildout -N

The -N option means that buildout doesn’t look for new dependencies if it can meet them from files it already has installed. This means it is a bit quicker to re-buildout the directory.

You should now have a bin/paster command you can use to serve your Pylons application.

For the majority of users this set up will be fine but the pylons_sandbox recipe has one more feature, the launcher option.

If you want to treat your buildout setup as a true sandbox you will need a Python interpreter which is an actual executable so that other scripts can use your sandboxed Python interpreter in a #! line of in a script such as a CGI script used by Apache. The python file generated by Buildout is actually just a Python script itself so can’t be used in this manner.

If you set the launcher option, the pylons_sandbox recipe will create a new interpreter by appending .buildout to the name specified in the interpreter option and it will add a facility so that the directory of the calling script is on sys.path. It will then copy the application specified by the launcher option to the name specified in the interpreter option. In our exampls so far this means the buildout python script would be in bin/python.buildout and the application to lauch it would be in bin/python and could now be used in a #! line.

This is all well and good but you need the application itself. Here is some C++ code which when compiled will create a suitable application. It has been described as “gruesome” so I’m happy to accept a patch with some neater C++. Create a file with this content:

 * Buildout Launcher
 * +++++++++++++++++
 * This application excutes a python script in the same directory as the
 * application. This is useful because it effectively turns a Python script
 * into a real executable which you can use on the #! line of other scripts.
 * The script to be executed should have the same name as the the filename of
 * this compiled program but with a .py extension added to the end. The real
 * Python interpreter used to execute the script is dermined from the script's
 * #! line or /usr/bin/python is used as a fallback if no Python interpreter
 * can be found.
 * The Python interpreters generated by Buildout are actually just Python
 * scripts so this application allows them to be run from a real executable.
 * Compile this file with the following command:
 *     g++ -o launcher
 * Copyright James Gardner. MIT license. No warranty to the maximum extent
 * possible under the law.

#include <vector>
#include <string>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fstream>

using namespace std;
int main(int argc,char *argv[])
    vector<string> args;
    int i;
    for (i=0;i<argc;i++)
    args[1] = strcat(argv[0], ".buildout");
    char *new_argv[argc+1];
    for (int i=0 ; i<argc+1 ; i++)  {
        new_argv[i] = (char *)args[i].c_str();
    new_argv[argc+1] = NULL;
    vector<string> text_file;
    ifstream ifs(new_argv[1]);
    string temp;
    string temp_short;
    getline(ifs, temp);
    if (strncmp((char *)temp.c_str(), "#!", 2)) {
        /* default to /usr/bin/python if no #! header */
        temp_short = "/usr/bin/python";
    } else {
        temp_short = temp.substr(2,(temp.length()-2));
    char python[temp_short.length()];
    strcpy(python, (char *)temp_short.c_str());
    return execv(python, new_argv);

Compile this with:

$ g++ -o launcher

and place the launcher application in the same directory as your buildout.cfg. You can then update your buildout.cfg to look like this:

develop = /path/to/pylons/app/src
parts = python

recipe = pylons_sandbox
interpreter = python
eggs = PylonsApp
dependent_scripts = True
launcher = launcher

Now re-buildout again:

$ bin/buildout -N

You should have a nicely working sandbox with a real Python executable as well as all the other benefits of deploying using the Buildout system.

Test it out:

$ bin/python
>>> import pylons

As you can see all the module dependencies are present.



  • First release


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