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LoRAS: An oversampling approach for imbalanced datasets

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Localized Random Affine Shadowsampling

This repo provides a python implementation of an imbalanced dataset oversampling technique known as Localized Random Affine Shadowsampling (LoRAS). This implementation piggybacks off the package imbalanced-learn and thus aims to be as compatible as possible with it.


  • Python >= 3.6
  • numpy >= 1.17.0
  • imbalanced-learn


Using pip:

$ pip install -U pyloras

Installing from source requires an installation of poetry and the following shell commands:

$ git clone
$ cd pyloras/
$ poetry install
# add package to python's path


from collections import Counter
from pyloras import LORAS
from sklearn.datasets import make_classification

X, y = make_classification(n_samples=20000, n_features=5, n_informative=5,
                           n_redundant=0, n_repeated=0, n_classes=3,
                           weights=[0.01, 0.05, 0.94],
                           class_sep=0.8, random_state=0)

lrs = LORAS(random_state=0, manifold_learner_params={'perplexity': 35, 'n_iter': 250})
# [(0, 270), (1, 1056), (2, 18674)]
X_resampled, y_resampled = lrs.fit_resample(X, y)
# [(0, 18674), (1, 18674), (2, 18674)]

# one can also use any custom 2d manifold learner via the ``manifold_learner` parameter
from umap import UMAP
LORAS(manifold_learner=UMAP()).fit_resample(X, y)


Below is a comparision of imbalanced-learn's SMOTE implementation with LORAS on the dummy data used in this doc page using the default parameters.

The plots can be reproduced by running:

$ python scripts/ --n_neighbors=<optional> --n_shadow=<optional> --n_affine=<optional>


  • Bej, S., Davtyan, N., Wolfien, M. et al. LoRAS: an oversampling approach for imbalanced datasets. Mach Learn 110, 279–301 (2021).
  • Bej, S., Schultz, K., Srivastava, P., Wolfien, M., & Wolkenhauer, O. (2021). A multi-schematic classifier-independent oversampling approach for imbalanced datasets. ArXiv, abs/2107.07349.
  • A. Tripathi, R. Chakraborty and S. K. Kopparapu, "A Novel Adaptive Minority Oversampling Technique for Improved Classification in Data Imbalanced Scenarios," 2020 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2021, pp. 10650-10657, doi: 10.1109/ICPR48806.2021.9413002.

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