A comprehensive, fast, pure Python memcached client
A comprehensive, fast, pure-Python memcached client.
pymemcache supports the following features:
- Complete implementation of the memcached text protocol.
- Connections using UNIX sockets, or TCP over IPv4 or IPv6.
- Configurable timeouts for socket connect and send/recv calls.
- Access to the “noreply” flag, which can significantly increase the speed of writes.
- Flexible, modular and simple approach to serialization and deserialization.
- The (optional) ability to treat network and memcached errors as cache misses.
Install from pip:
pip install pymemcache
For development, clone from github and run the tests:
git clone https://github.com/pinterest/pymemcache.git cd pymemcache
Run the tests (make sure you have a local memcached server running):
See the documentation here: https://pymemcache.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
If you’re planning on using pymemcache with Django, you might be interested in django-pymemcache. It provides a Django cache backend that is built on pymemcache.
Comparison with Other Libraries
The pylibmc library is a wrapper around libmemcached, implemented in C. It is fast, implements consistent hashing, the full memcached protocol and timeouts. It does not provide access to the “noreply” flag. It also isn’t pure Python, so using it with libraries like gevent is out of the question, and its dependency on libmemcached poses challenges (e.g., it must be built against the same version of libmemcached that it will use at runtime).
The python-memcached library implements the entire memcached text protocol, has a single timeout for all socket calls and has a flexible approach to serialization and deserialization. It is also written entirely in Python, so it works well with libraries like gevent. However, it is tied to using thread locals, doesn’t implement “noreply”, can’t treat errors as cache misses and is slower than both pylibmc and pymemcache. It is also tied to a specific method for handling clusters of memcached servers.
The team at mixpanel put together a pure Python memcached client as well. It has more fine grained support for socket timeouts, only connects to a single host. However, it doesn’t support most of the memcached API (just get, set, delete and stats), doesn’t support “noreply”, has no serialization or deserialization support and can’t treat errors as cache misses.
- Charles Gordon
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New in version 3.4.0
- Added IPv6 support for TCP socket connections.
- HashClient now supports UNIX sockets.
New in version 3.3.0
- HashClient can now be imported from the top-level pymemcache package (e.g. pymemcache.HashClient).
- HashClient.get_many() now longer stores False for missing keys from unavailable clients. Instead, the result won’t contain the key at all.
- Added missing HashClient.close() and HashClient.quit().
New in version 3.2.0
- PooledClient and HashClient now support custom Client classes
New in version 3.1.1
- Improve MockMemcacheClient to behave even more like Client
New in version 3.1.0
- Add TLS support for TCP sockets.
- Fix corner case when dead hashed server comes back alive.
New in version 3.0.1
- Make MockMemcacheClient more consistent with the real client.
- Pass encoding from HashClient to its pooled clients when use_pooling is enabled.
New in version 3.0.0
- The serialization API has been reworked. Instead of consuming a serializer and deserializer as separate arguments, client objects now expect an argument serde to be an object which implements serialize and deserialize as methods. (serialize and deserialize are still supported but considered deprecated.)
- Validate integer inputs for expire, delay, incr, decr, and memlimit – non-integer values now raise MemcacheIllegalInputError
- Validate inputs for cas – values which are not integers or strings of 0-9 now raise MemcacheIllegalInputError
- Add prepend and append support to MockMemcacheClient.
- Add the touch method to HashClient.
- Added official support for Python 3.8.
New in version 2.2.2
- Fix long_description string in Python packaging.
New in version 2.2.1
- Fix flags when setting multiple differently-typed values at once.
New in version 2.2.0
- Drop official support for Python 3.4.
- Use setup.cfg metadata instead setup.py config to generate package.
- Add default_noreply parameter to HashClient.
- Add encoding parameter to Client constructors (defaults to ascii).
- Add flags parameter to write operation methods.
- Handle unicode key values in MockMemcacheClient correctly.
- Improve ASCII encoding failure exception.
New in version 2.1.1
- Fix setup.py dependency on six already being installed.
New in version 2.1.0
- Public classes and exceptions can now be imported from the top-level pymemcache package (e.g. pymemcache.Client). #197
- Add UNIX domain socket support and document server connection options. #206
- Add support for the cache_memlimit command. #211
- Commands key are now always sent in their original order. #209
New in version 2.0.0
- Change set_many and set_multi api return value. #179
- Fix support for newbytes from python-future. #187
- Add support for Python 3.7, and drop support for Python 3.3
- Properly batch Client.set_many() call. #182
- Improve _check_key() and _store_cmd() performance. #183
- Properly batch Client.delete_many() call. #184
- Add option to explicitly set pickle version used by serde. #190
New in version 1.4.4
pypy3 to travis test matrix
full benchmarks in test
fix flake8 issues
Have mockmemcacheclient support non-ascii strings
Switch from using pickle format 0 to the highest available version. See #156
Warning: different versions of python have different highest pickle versions: https://docs.python.org/3/library/pickle.html
New in version 1.4.3
- Documentation improvements
- Fixed cachedump stats command, see #103
- Honor default_value in HashClient
New in version 1.4.2
- Drop support for python 2.6, see #109
New in version 1.4.1
- Python 3 serializations fixes #131
- Drop support for pypy3
- Comment cleanup
- Add gets_many to hash_client
- Better checking for illegal chars in key
New in version 1.4.0
- Unicode keys support. It is now possible to pass the flag allow_unicode_keys when creating the clients, thanks @jogo!
- Fixed a bug where PooledClient wasn’t following default_noreply arg set on init, thanks @kols!
- Improved documentation
New in version 1.3.8
- use cpickle instead of pickle when possible (python2)
New in version 1.3.7
- default parameter on get(key, default=0)
- fixed docs to autogenerate themselves with sphinx
- fix linter to work with python3
- improve error message on illegal Input for the key
- refactor stat parsing
- fix MockMemcacheClient
- fix unicode char in middle of key bug
New in version 1.3.6
- Fix flake8 and cleanup tox building
- Fix security vulnerability by sanitizing key input
New in version 1.3.5
- Bug fix for HashClient when retries is set to zero.
- Adding the VERSION command to the clients.
New in version 1.3.4
- Bug fix for the HashClient that corrects behavior when there are no working servers.
New in version 1.3.3
- Adding caching to the Travis build.
- A bug fix for pluggable hashing in HashClient.
- Adding a default_noreply argument to the Client ctor.
New in version 1.3.2
- Making the location of Memcache Exceptions backwards compatible.
New in version 1.3.0
- Python 3 Support
- Introduced HashClient that uses consistent hasing for allocating keys across many memcached nodes. It also can detect servers going down and rebalance keys across the available nodes.
- Retry sock.recv() when it raises EINTR
New in version 1.2.9
- Introduced PooledClient a thread-safe pool of clients
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