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Python wrapper for polymake

Project description

What is it?

The Python module pypolymake provides wrappers for Polymake. It needs a recent enough version of polymake (tested with polymake 3.5). It is compatible with both Python 2 and Python 3. When used inside SageMath you have access to special converters from pypolymake objects to SageMath objects.

The language has been kept as close as possible as the original perl interface of Polymake. The following polymake construction:

polytope> $c = cube(5);
polytope> print $c->F_VECTOR;
32 80 80 40 10
polytope> $g = $c->GRAPH;
polytope> print $g->DIAMETER;

is translated in Python as:

>>> from polymake import *
>>> c = cube(5)
>>> print(c.F_VECTOR)
(32, 80, 80, 40, 10)
>>> g = c.GRAPH
>>> print(g.DIAMETER)

As pypolymake is under development, many things are not working! Do not hesitate to make a bug report on the development page.

Installation and source code

The pypolymake package is available on PyPI, see To install it within your system Python, just run the following command:

$ pip install pypolymake [--user] [--upgrade]

To install polymake and pypolymake inside SageMath run:

$ sage -i polymake
$ sage -pip install pypolymake [--user] [--upgrade]

If polymake headers or libraries are installed in a non standard location you may need to set the environment variables CFLAGS, CXXFLAGS, LDFLAGS. For example, on OS X, you need to update LDFLAGS as:

$ export LDFLAGS="-L/System/Library/Perl/5.18/darwin-thread-multi-2level/CORE/ $LDFLAGS"

For SageMath users

If pypolymake is used inside SageMath then conversion from and to SageMath objects are available. Most polymake objects have a .sage() method and you can use polymake.polymake as a generic convertor. For example:

sage: import polymake
sage: p = polymake.polymake(polytopes.dodecahedron())
sage: p
sage: p.VERTICES
1 3-1r5 3-1r5 3-1r5
1 -1+1r5 -4+2r5 0
1 -3+1r5 -3+1r5 -3+1r5
1 1-1r5 4-2r5 0
sage: print(p.VERTICES.sage())
[           1   -sqrt5 + 3   -sqrt5 + 3   -sqrt5 + 3]
[           1    sqrt5 - 1  2*sqrt5 - 4            0]
[           1    sqrt5 - 3    sqrt5 - 3    sqrt5 - 3]
[           1   -sqrt5 + 1 -2*sqrt5 + 4            0]

Warning: the cohabitation between sage and polymake is not perfect. If you do use polymake in sage always import sage first and then polymake. More precisely, if you launch a simple python console and do ‘import polymake’ followed by ‘import sage.all’ it is most likely to end up with a (not yet identified) SEGFAULT.


The library pypolymake is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL) as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version (see


This project has been started by Burcin Erocal in 2011 and continued by Vincent Delecroix since 2016.

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