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The Pyramid web application framework, a Pylons project

Project description

Pyramid

Pyramid is a small, fast, down-to-earth, open source Python web development framework. It makes real-world web application development and deployment more fun, more predictable, and more productive.

Pyramid is a Pylons project, and underlies the newest web frameworks produced by the Pylons community.

Pyramid was previously known as repoze.bfg.

Support and Documentation

See the Pylons Project website to view documentation, report bugs, and obtain support.

License

Pyramid is offered under the BSD-derived Repoze Public License.

Authors

Pyramid is made available by Agendaless Consulting and a team of contributors.

1.0a3 (2010-11-16)

Features

  • Added Mako TemplateLookup settings for mako.error_handler, mako.default_filters, and mako.imports.
  • Normalized all paster templates: each now uses the name main to represent the function that returns a WSGI application, each now uses WebError, each now has roughly the same shape of development.ini style.
  • Added class vars matchdict and matched_route to pyramid.request.Request. Each is set to None.
  • New API method: pyramid.settings.asbool.
  • New API methods for pyramid.request.Request: model_url, route_url, and static_url. These are simple passthroughs for their respective functions in pyramid.url.
  • The settings object which used to be available only when request.settings.get_settings was called is now available as registry.settings (e.g. request.registry.settings in view code).

Bug Fixes

  • The pylons_* paster templates erroneously used the {squiggly} routing syntax as the pattern supplied to add_route. This style of routing is not supported. They were replaced with :colon style route patterns.
  • The pylons_* paster template used the same string (your_app_secret_string) for the session.secret setting in the generated development.ini. This was a security risk if left unchanged in a project that used one of the templates to produce production applications. It now uses a randomly generated string.

Documentation

  • ZODB+traversal wiki (wiki) tutorial updated due to changes to pyramid_zodb paster template.
  • SQLAlchemy+urldispach wiki (wiki2) tutorial updated due to changes to pyramid_routesalchemy paster template.
  • Documented the matchdict and matched_route attributes of the request object in the Request API documentation.

Deprecations

  • Obtaining the settings object via registry.{get|query}Utility(ISettings) is now deprecated. Instead, obtain the settings object via the registry.settings attribute. A backwards compatibility shim was added to the registry object to register the settings object as an ISettings utility when setattr(registry, 'settings', foo) is called, but it will be removed in a later release.
  • Obtaining the settings object via pyramid.settings.get_settings is now deprecated. Obtain it as the settings attribute of the registry now (obtain the registry via pyramid.threadlocal.get_registry or as request.registry).

Behavior Differences

  • Internal: ZCML directives no longer call get_current_registry() if there’s a registry attribute on the ZCML context (kill off use of threadlocals).
  • Internal: Chameleon template renderers now accept two arguments: path and lookup. Lookup will be an instance of a lookup class which supplies (late-bound) arguments for debug, reload, and translate. Any third-party renderers which use (the non-API) function pyramid.renderers.template_renderer_factory will need to adjust their implementations to obey the new callback argument list. This change was to kill off inappropriate use of threadlocals.

1.0a2 (2010-11-09)

Documentation

  • All references to events by interface (e.g. pyramid.interfaces.INewRequest) have been changed to reference their concrete classes (e.g. pyramid.events.NewRequest) in documentation about making subscriptions.
  • All references to Pyramid-the-application were changed from mod-pyramid to app-Pyramid. A custom role setting was added to docs/conf.py to allow for this. (internal)

1.0a1 (2010-11-05)

Features (delta from BFG 1.3)

  • Mako templating renderer supports resource specification format for template lookups and within Mako templates. Absolute filenames must be used in Pyramid to avoid this lookup process.

  • Add pyramid.httpexceptions module, which is a facade for the webob.exc module.

  • Direct built-in support for the Mako templating language.

  • A new configurator method exists: add_handler. This method adds a Pylons-style “view handler” (such a thing used to be called a “controller” in Pylons 1.0).

  • New argument to configurator: session_factory.

  • New method on configurator: set_session_factory

  • Using request.session now returns a (dictionary-like) session object if a session factory has been configured.

  • The request now has a new attribute: tmpl_context for benefit of Pylons users.

  • The decorator previously known as pyramid.view.bfg_view is now known most formally as pyramid.view.view_config in docs and paster templates. An import of pyramid.view.bfg_view, however, will continue to work “forever”.

  • New API methods in pyramid.session: signed_serialize and signed_deserialize.

  • New interface: pyramid.interfaces.IRendererInfo. An object of this type is passed to renderer factory constructors (see “Backwards Incompatibilities”).

  • New event type: pyramid.interfaces.IBeforeRender. An object of this type is sent as an event before a renderer is invoked (but after the application-level renderer globals factory added via pyramid.configurator.configuration.set_renderer_globals_factory, if any, has injected its own keys). Applications may now subscribe to the IBeforeRender event type in order to introspect the and modify the set of renderer globals before they are passed to a renderer. The event object iself has a dictionary-like interface that can be used for this purpose. For example:

    from repoze.events import subscriber
    from pyramid.interfaces import IRendererGlobalsEvent
    
    @subscriber(IRendererGlobalsEvent)
    def add_global(event):
        event['mykey'] = 'foo'
    

    If a subscriber attempts to add a key that already exist in the renderer globals dictionary, a KeyError is raised. This limitation is due to the fact that subscribers cannot be ordered relative to each other. The set of keys added to the renderer globals dictionary by all subscribers and app-level globals factories must be unique.

  • New class: pyramid.response.Response. This is a pure facade for webob.Response (old code need not change to use this facade, it’s existence is mostly for vanity and documentation-generation purposes).

  • All preexisting paster templates (except zodb) now use “imperative” configuration (starter, routesalchemy, alchemy).

  • A new paster template named pyramid_starter_zcml exists, which uses declarative configuration.

Documentation (delta from BFG 1.3)

  • Added a pyramid.httpexceptions API documentation chapter.
  • Added a pyramid.session API documentation chapter.
  • Added a Session Objects narrative documentation chapter.
  • Added an API chapter for the pyramid.personality module.
  • Added an API chapter for the pyramid.response module.
  • All documentation which previously referred to webob.Response now uses pyramid.response.Response instead.
  • The documentation has been overhauled to use imperative configuration, moving declarative configuration (ZCML) explanations to a separate narrative chapter declarative.rst.
  • The ZODB Wiki tutorial was updated to take into account changes to the pyramid_zodb paster template.
  • The SQL Wiki tutorial was updated to take into account changes to the pyramid_routesalchemy paster template.

Backwards Incompatibilities (with BFG 1.3)

  • There is no longer an IDebugLogger registered as a named utility with the name repoze.bfg.debug.

  • The logger which used to have the name of repoze.bfg.debug now has the name pyramid.debug.

  • The deprecated API pyramid.testing.registerViewPermission has been removed.

  • The deprecated API named pyramid.testing.registerRoutesMapper has been removed.

  • The deprecated API named pyramid.request.get_request was removed.

  • The deprecated API named pyramid.security.Unauthorized was removed.

  • The deprecated API named pyramid.view.view_execution_permitted was removed.

  • The deprecated API named pyramid.view.NotFound was removed.

  • The bfgshell paster command is now named pshell.

  • The Venusian “category” for all built-in Venusian decorators (e.g. subscriber and view_config/bfg_view) is now pyramid instead of bfg.

  • pyramid.renderers.rendered_response function removed; use render_pyramid.renderers.render_to_response instead.

  • Renderer factories now accept a renderer info object rather than an absolute resource specification or an absolute path. The object has the following attributes: name (the renderer= value), package (the ‘current package’ when the renderer configuration statement was found), type: the renderer type, registry: the current registry, and settings: the deployment settings dictionary.

    Third-party repoze.bfg renderer implementations that must be ported to Pyramid will need to account for this.

    This change was made primarily to support more flexible Mako template rendering.

  • The presence of the key repoze.bfg.message in the WSGI environment when an exception occurs is now deprecated. Instead, code which relies on this environ value should use the exception attribute of the request (e.g. request.exception[0]) to retrieve the message.

  • The values bfg_localizer and bfg_locale_name kept on the request during internationalization for caching purposes were never APIs. These however have changed to localizer and locale_name, respectively.

  • The default cookie_name value of the authtktauthenticationpolicy ZCML now defaults to auth_tkt (it used to default to repoze.bfg.auth_tkt).

  • The default cookie_name value of the pyramid.authentication.AuthTktAuthenticationPolicy constructor now defaults to auth_tkt (it used to default to repoze.bfg.auth_tkt).

  • The request_type argument to the view ZCML directive, the pyramid.configuration.Configurator.add_view method, or the pyramid.view.view_config decorator (nee bfg_view) is no longer permitted to be one of the strings GET, HEAD, PUT, POST or DELETE, and now must always be an interface. Accepting the method-strings as request_type was a backwards compatibility strategy servicing repoze.bfg 1.0 applications. Use the request_method parameter instead to specify that a view a string request-method predicate.

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