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ExtDirect Implementation for Pyramid

Project description

pyramid_extdirect README


This pyramid plugin provides a router for the ExtDirect Sencha API included in ExtJS .

ExtDirect allows to run server-side callbacks directly through JavaScript without the extra AJAX boilerplate. The typical ExtDirect usage scenario goes like this:

MyApp.SomeClass.fooMethod(foo, bar, function(provider, e) {
    if (e.status) {
        // do cool things with e.result
    } else {
        // display error message

or even better, if ExtDirect is used in a GridStore:

var myStore = new Ext.grid.GridStore({
    directFn: MyApp.Grids.loadGridData,
    baseParams: {
        obj_id: 1
    paramsAsHash: true,
    // ...

Here MyApp is the application namespace, SomeClass or Grids are classes or actions and fooMethod and loadGridData are methods.

There are two approaches to map these actions and methods to python code in Pyramid:

  1. Create an application root and a set of controller instances that expose methods to be used in ExtDirect. This means we have to use Pyramid’s traversal features, so we’re able to descend from our application root to an action (controller instance) and call its method.
  2. Do not map ExtDirect actions to real instances in Pyramid, but instead group them using merely a name into actions and methods

Usage example:

The minimum requirement for pyramid_extdirect is to create an ExtDirect API and Router:

from pyramid.config import Configurator
from exampleapp.resources import Root

def main(global_config, **settings):
    """ This function returns a Pyramid WSGI application.
    config = Configurator(root_factory=Root, settings=settings)
    config.add_static_view('static', 'exampleapp:static')
    # let pyramid_extdirect create all the needed views automatically
    # scan your code once to make sure the @extdirect_method decorators
    # are picked up
    return config.make_wsgi_app()

After this you can decorate arbitrary functions or class methods using @extdirect_method:

def do_stuff(a, b, c):
    return a + b + c

Or, if you’d like to group your methods into classes (actions), you can define an application root and a set of controllers to be mapped as actions/methods, the application root is the object returned by your Pyramid root factory. Here’s how it might look:

class AppRoot(object):
    __name__ = None
    __parent__ = None

    def __init__(self):
        self.components = {
            'grids': GridsController(),

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        ret = self.components[key]
        ret.__name__ = key
        ret.__parent__ = self
        return ret

    def __iter__(self):
        return self.components.iterkeys()

The GridController class could combine all methods for grid operations:

from pyramid_extdirect import extdirect_method

class GridController(object):
    __name__ = 'grids'

    __extdirect_settings__ = {
        'default_action_name': 'Grids',
        'default_permission': 'view'

    @extdirect_method(action='Grids', permission='view')
    def loadGridData(self, params):
        // params is a simple dict
        ret = []
        for obj in GridModel.fetch_stuff_by_id(params['obj_id']):
                title: obj.title,
                # ...
        return ret

As you can see, the loadGridData method doesn’t even know it’s bee called through a HTTP request, it’s just a plain old python method which returns a list of dicts. The @extdirect_method(action='Grids', permission='view') decoration adds it to the Grids action (also making sure only users with view permission are allowed to run it). We’re returning a dict here simply because the AJAX response sent to the client has to be JSON serializable. By default python JSON marshallers can only encode/decode builtin python primitives. pyramid_extdirect has a small helper though, that checks if an object has a method called json_repr() (which should return a JSON serializable dict/list/string/number/etc.) and if found, this method is used to decode an instance to its JSONable version. You can define a __extdirect_settings__ property in a class to define a default action and permission, so in the example above we could also just use @extdirect_method().

Sometimes you need to use the upload features of ExtDirect. Since uploads cannot be done using AJAX (through JSON-encoded request body) Ext does a little trick by creating a hidden iframe and posting a form within this iframe to the server. However, ExtDirect needs to know in advance, that your code might receive uploads. In pyramid_extdirect decorators this is done by adding a accepts_files parameter to the @extdirect_method decorator:

@extdirect_method(action='Users', accepts_files=True)
def upload_user_picture(uploaded_file):
    # uploaded_file is now a FieldStorage instance

Also, in some situations it is absolutely necessary to access the request object in your functions, this can be achieved by passing request_as_last_param to the decorator:

from import authenticated_userid

@extdirect_method(action='App', request_as_last_param=True):
def get_current_user(request):
    return authenticated_userid(request)

That’s all folks, enjoy! – Igor Stroh, <igor.stroh -at->

repoze.bfg.extdirect Changelog


  • Added permissions check for extdirect_method decorated functions (vs. methods)
  • Added actions filter for extdirect api route


Added pyramid debug toolbar support (thanks


Renamed project to pyramid_extdirect


  • Fixed form quotes quoting
  • Move package structure from repoze.bfg to pyramid


  • Fixed typo in JsonReprEncoder


  • Fixed packaging
  • Fixed numargs for methods with request_as_last_param


  • Initial release.

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