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Elasticsearch fixtures and fixture factories for Pytest.

Project description


Latest PyPI version Wheel Status Supported Python Versions License

What is this?

This is a pytest plugin that enables you to test your code that relies on a running Elasticsearch search engine. It allows you to specify fixtures for Elasticsearch process and client.

How to use


This plugin requires at least version 5.0 of elasticsearch to work.

The plugin contains two fixtures:

  • elasticsearch - a client fixture that has functional scope, and which cleans Elasticsearch at the end of each test.
  • elasticsearch_proc - a session scoped fixture, that starts Elasticsearch instance at its first use and stops at the end of the tests.
  • elasticsearch_nooproc - a nooprocess fixture, that’s holds connection data to already running elasticsearch

Simply include one of these fixtures into your tests fixture list.

You can also create additional elasticsearch client and process fixtures if you’d need to:

from pytest_elasticsearch import factories

elasticsearch_my_proc = factories.elasticsearch_proc(
    port=None, logsdir='/tmp')
elasticsearch_my = factories.elasticsearch('elasticsearch_my_proc')


Each elasticsearch process fixture can be configured in a different way than the others through the fixture factory arguments.

Connecting to already existing Elasticsearch service

Some projects are using already running Elasticsearch servers (ie on docker instances). In order to connect to them, one would be using the elasticsearch_nooproc fixture.

es_external = factories.elasticsearch('elasticsearch_nooproc')

By default the elasticsearch_nooproc fixture would connect to elasticsearch instance using 9300 port.


You can define your settings in three ways, it’s fixture factory argument, command line option and pytest.ini configuration option. You can pick which you prefer, but remember that these settings are handled in the following order:

  1. Fixture factory argument
  2. Command line option
  3. Configuration option in your pytest.ini file
Configuration options
ElasticSearch option Fixture factory argument Command line option pytest.ini option Noop process fixture Default
Elasticsearch executable executable –elasticsearch-executable elasticsearch_executable   /usr/share/elasticsearch/bin/elasticsearch
logs directory logsdir –elasticsearch-logsdir elasticsearch_logsdir
host host –elasticsearch-host elasticsearch_host host
port port -elasticsearch-port elasticsearch_port 6300 random
Elasticsearch cluster name cluster_name –elasticsearch-cluster-name elasticsearch_cluster_name
index storage type index_store_type –elasticsearch-index-store-type elasticsearch_index_store_type
network publish host network_publish_host –elasticsearch-network-publish-host elasticsearch_network_publish_host
logs prefix logs_prefix –elasticsearch-logs-prefix elasticsearch_logs_prefix
transport tcp port transport_tcp_port –elasticsearch-transport-tcp-port elasticsearch_transport_tcp_port

Example usage:

  • pass it as an argument in your own fixture

    elasticsearch_proc = factories.elasticsearch_proc(
  • use --elasticsearch-logsdir command line option when you run your tests

    py.test tests --elasticsearch-cluster-name=awsome_cluster
  • specify your directory as elasticsearch_cluster_name in your pytest.ini file.

    To do so, put a line like the following under the [pytest] section of your pytest.ini:

    elasticsearch_cluster_name = awsome_cluster

Known issues

It might happen, that the process can’t be started due to lack of permissions. The files that user running tests has to have access to are:

  • /etc/default/elasticsearch

Make sure that you either run tests as a user that has access to these files, or you give user proper permissions or add it to proper user groups.

In CI at the moment, we install elasticsearch from tar/zip archives, which do not set up additional permission restrictions, so it’s not a problem on the CI/CD.




  • Add command line and ini configuration option for the executable.
  • Require python 3.7 and up
  • Unify handling of a temporary directory, now temporary directory holding logs, workdir, pid will be named after fixture name.


  • Deprecated logs_prefix process fixture parameter, –elasticsearch-logsdir command parameter and elasticsearch_logsdir ini configuration option
  • Deprecated elasticsearch_logsdir process fixture parameter –elasticsearch-logs-prefix command parameter and elasticsearch_logs_prefix ini configuration option


  • Handle properly elasticsearch versions with two-digit minor version


  • Migrated CI/CD to Github Actions
  • Blackified Codebase


  • [cleanup] Drop support for python versions older than 3.6
  • [fix] Adjust for mirakuru 2.2.0 and up


  • [enhancement] Created a specified Executor to manage elasticsearch
  • [enhancement] added new elasticsearch_nooproc fixture to connect to already existing elasticsearch index
  • [cleanup] Drop support for unused discovery_zen_ping_multicast and elasticsearch_configuration_path option
  • [cleanup] Drop support for elasticsearch older than 5
  • [cleanup] Drop support for python versions older than 3.5
  • [bugfix] changed default index.memory type to mmapfs, over long invalid memory type


  • [feature] - Support for major elasticsearch versions


  • [cleanup] - removed dependency


  • [feature] - migrate usage of getfuncargvalue to getfixturevalue. require at least pytest 3.0.0
  • [feature] - default logsdir to $TMPDIR
  • [feature] - run process on random port by default - enhances xdist experience


  • [feature] use tmpfile.gettempdir instead of hardcoded /tmp directory
  • [docs] added description to all command line and ini options
  • [bugfix] made command line option’s dests more distinc, to prevent from influencing other pytest plugins


  • [feature] pytest.ini option for every command line option
  • [feature] Command line options for every fixture factory argument
  • Extracted original code from pytest-dbfixtures

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