Skip to main content

A twisted plugin for pytest.

Project description

PyPI version Supported Python versions Travis build status AppVeyor build status Black code style


Ralf Schmitt, Kyle Altendorf, Victor Titor







pytest-twisted is a plugin for pytest, which allows to test code, which uses the twisted framework. test functions can return Deferred objects and pytest will wait for their completion with this plugin.

NOTICE: Python 3.8 with asyncio support

In Python 3.8, asyncio changed the default loop implementation to use their proactor. The proactor does not implement some methods used by Twisted’s asyncio support. The result is a NotImplementedError exception such as below.

  File "c:\projects\pytest-twisted\.tox\py38-asyncioreactor\lib\site-packages\twisted\internet\", line 320, in install
    reactor = AsyncioSelectorReactor(eventloop)
  File "c:\projects\pytest-twisted\.tox\py38-asyncioreactor\lib\site-packages\twisted\internet\", line 69, in __init__
  File "c:\projects\pytest-twisted\.tox\py38-asyncioreactor\lib\site-packages\twisted\internet\", line 571, in __init__
  File "c:\projects\pytest-twisted\.tox\py38-asyncioreactor\lib\site-packages\twisted\internet\", line 286, in installWaker
  File "c:\projects\pytest-twisted\.tox\py38-asyncioreactor\lib\site-packages\twisted\internet\", line 151, in addReader
    self._asyncioEventloop.add_reader(fd, callWithLogger, reader,
  File "C:\Python38-x64\Lib\asyncio\", line 501, in add_reader
    raise NotImplementedError

The previous default, the selector loop, still works but you have to explicitly set it and do so early. The following is provided for reference.

import sys

import pytest
import pytest_twisted

def pytest_configure(config):

    if (
        config.getoption("reactor", "default") == "asyncio"
        and sys.platform == 'win32'
        and sys.version_info >= (3, 8)
        import asyncio

        selector_policy = asyncio.WindowsSelectorEventLoopPolicy()

Python 2 support plans

At some point it may become impractical to retain Python 2 support. Given the small size and very low amount of development it seems likely that this will not be a near term issue. While I personally have no need for Python 2 support I try to err on the side of being helpful so support will not be explicitly removed just to not have to think about it. If major issues are reported and neither myself nor the community have time to resolve them then options will be considered.


Install the plugin as below.

pip install pytest-twisted

Using the plugin

The plugin is available after installation and can be disabled using -p no:twisted.

By default twisted.internet.default is used to install the reactor. This creates the same reactor that import twisted.internet.reactor would. Alternative reactors can be specified using the --reactor option. This presently supports qt5reactor for use with pyqt5 and pytest-qt as well as asyncio. This guide describes how to add support for a new reactor.

The reactor is automatically created prior to the first test but can be explicitly installed earlier by calling pytest_twisted.init_default_reactor() or the corresponding function for the desired alternate reactor.


Using twisted.internet.defer.inlineCallbacks as a decorator for test functions, which use fixtures, does not work. Please use pytest_twisted.inlineCallbacks instead.

def test_some_stuff(tmpdir):
    res = yield threads.deferToThread(os.listdir, tmpdir.strpath)
    assert res == []


Using twisted.internet.defer.ensureDeferred as a decorator for test functions, which use fixtures, does not work. Please use pytest_twisted.ensureDeferred instead.

async def test_some_stuff(tmpdir):
    res = await threads.deferToThread(os.listdir, tmpdir.strpath)
    assert res == []

Waiting for deferreds in fixtures

pytest_twisted.blockon allows fixtures to wait for deferreds.

def val():
    d = defer.Deferred()
    reactor.callLater(1.0, d.callback, 10)
    return pytest_twisted.blockon(d)

async/await fixtures

async/await fixtures can be used along with yield for normal pytest fixture semantics of setup, value, and teardown. At present only function and module scope are supported.

# No yield (coroutine function)
#   -> use pytest_twisted.async_fixture()
async def foo():
    d = defer.Deferred()
    reactor.callLater(0.01, d.callback, 42)
    value = await d
    return value

# With yield (asynchronous generator)
#   -> use pytest_twisted.async_yield_fixture()
async def foo_with_teardown():
    d1, d2 = defer.Deferred(), defer.Deferred()
    reactor.callLater(0.01, d1.callback, 42)
    reactor.callLater(0.02, d2.callback, 37)
    value = await d1
    yield value
    await d2

The twisted greenlet

Some libraries (e.g. corotwine) need to know the greenlet, which is running the twisted reactor. It’s available from the twisted_greenlet fixture. The following code can be used to make corotwine work with pytest-twisted.

@pytest.fixture(scope="session", autouse=True)
def set_MAIN(request, twisted_greenlet):
    from corotwine import protocol
    protocol.MAIN = twisted_greenlet

That’s (almost) all.




Use pytest_twisted.blockon


Use pytest_twisted.inlineCallbacks

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution (22.5 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Source

Built Distribution

pytest_twisted-1.13.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl (9.6 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Python 2 Python 3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page