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A Python package implementing automata.

Project description


Python implementation of automata theory.



For Debian systems, the following commands should work:

$ wget
$ sudo dpkg -i graphviz_2.38.0-1~saucy_amd64.deb
$ sudo apt-get install -f

Otherwise check the installation guide from the official site.


Install from master branch:

  • with pip:

      pip3 install git+
  • or, clone the repository and install:

      git clone htts://
      cd temprl
      pip install .

How to use

  • Define an automaton:
from pythomata.dfa import DFA
alphabet = {"a", "b", "c"}
states = {"s1", "s2", "s3"}
initial_state = "s1"
accepting_states = {"s3"}
transition_function = {
    "s1": {
        "b" : "s1",
        "a" : "s2"
    "s2": {
        "a" : "s3",
        "b" : "s1"
        "c" : "s3"
dfa = DFA(states, alphabet, initial_state, accepting_states, transition_function)  
  • Test word acceptance:
# a word is a list of symbols
word = [b, b, b, a, b, c]

dfa.accepts(word)        # True

# without the last symbol c, the final state is not reached
dfa.accepts(word[:-1])   # False
  • Operations such as minimization and trimming:
dfa_minimized = dfa.minimize()
dfa_trimmed = dfa.trim()
  • Print the automata:
filepath = "./my_awesome_automaton"

The output in .svg format is the following:


  • Basic DFA and NFA support;
  • Algorithms for DFA minimization and trimming;
  • Algorithm for NFA determinization;
  • Print automata in SVG format.


To run the tests:


To run only the code style checks:

tox -e flake8


To build the docs:

mkdocs build

To view documentation in a browser

mkdocs serve

and then go to http://localhost:8000


Copyright 2018-2019 Marco Favorito


0.1.0 (2019-04-13)

  • Basic support for DFAs and NFAs.
  • Algorithms for DFA minimization and trimming.
  • Algorithm for NFA determinization.

0.2.0 (2019-09-30)

  • Refactoring of the repository

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