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Implementation of Christofides Algorithm for TSP in python.

Project Description

This package(Christofides) provides a way to implement Christofides algorithm for solving Travelling Saleman Problem(TSP) to obtain an approximate solution on an undirected graph(Distance Matrix) provided as an upper Triangular matrix. The Distance from a node on to itself is assumed 0.


Use the compute() function which takes as input a distance_matrix and returns a Christofides solution as follows:

from pyChristofides import christofides
TSP = christofides.compute(distance_matrix)

The Distance Matrix is an upper Triangular matrix with distance from a node on to itself 0, since Christofides algorithm could only be applied for undirected graphs. Also the distance between a node on to itself is practically 0. Example for distance_matrix is as follows, distance_matrix =


The above distance_matrix should be provided as an input to christofides.compute(), when we want to calculate TSP for distance =

christofides.compute(distance_matrix) returns a Dictionary with following Keys:
Christofides_Solution, Travel_Cost, MST, Odd_Vertices Indexes, Multigraph, Euler_Tour
  • Christofides_Solution: A list consisting of approximate tour for TSP.
    Use: TSP[‘Chistofides_Solution’]
  • Travel_Cost: The cost of TSP tour generated.
    Use: TSP[‘Travel_Cost’]
  • MST: The minimum spanning tree generated during the Christofides algorithm.
    Use: TSP[‘MST’]
  • Odd_Vertices: A list of odd vertices of minimum spanning tree.
    Use: TSP[‘Odd_Vertices’]
  • Indexes: List of edges from minimum cost perfect matching of odd vertices.
    Use: TSP[‘Indexes’]
  • Multigraph: Edges of multigraph formed after Indexing.
    Use: TSP[‘Multigraph’]
  • Euler_Tour: The Euler Tour of the Multigraph.
    Use: TSP[‘Euler_Tour’]

Support Functions in christofides

  • _csr_gen_triples(csr_matrix)
  • _odd_vertices_of_MST(distance_matrix, number_of_nodes)
  • min_Munkres(distance_matrix, bipartitie_graphs)
  • Munkres_cost(indexes, bipartite_graph)
  • bipartite_Graph(distance_matrix, bipartite_set, odd_vertices)
  • create_Multigraph(distance_matrix, MST, indexes, odd_vertices)
  • Euler_Tour(multigraph)
  • shortcut_Euler_Tour(tour)
  • cost(christofides_tour, distance_matrix)


Download the Package and use::
python install
pip install python-christofides

Additional Packages

scipy, numpy, networkx, munkres

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