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Combine DO droplets with your ssh configuration

Project description

Digital ocean -> ssh config

Installation

python3 -m pip install python-digitalocean-ssh

Running standalone, this python 3 script will help you keep your ssh config in sync with your digital ocean droplets

$ python3 -m digitalocean_ssh production

· Reading /home/alex/.config/python-digitalocean-ssh/production.json
· Parsing /home/alex/.ssh/config
· Fetching droplets from DO
· Writing into your ssh config file

✓ Done, 11 droplets synced

Features

  • Supports different ssh keys for each droplet, depending on the DO tags of the droplet
  • Works with different configurations and can write in different sections of your ssh config

How to

Step 1: Create the json configuration file

Save this at ~/.config/python-digitalocean-ssh/<name>.json, where <name> is how you want to call it, e.g. production or testing or anything else. For this example I will use production.

{
    "token": "DIGITAL_OCEAN_READ_ONLY_TOKEN_HERE",
    "keys": {
        "tagToKey": {
        },
        "default": {
            "key": "common",
            "priority": 0
        }
    },
    "startMark": "# DO production",
    "endMark": "# /DO production",
    "hostPrefix": "do-prod-"
}

Note: This is the simplest possible configuration file that uses the same key for every droplet and the droplet name as Host, for more options, read on.

  1. Generate a new personal DO API read-only access token here
  2. hostPrefix is what prefix to add in the Host key in your ssh config for each droplet loaded through this configuration, can be anything you want

Step 2: Add the 2 marks in your ssh config

The above json configuration contains the startMark and endMark. These should be somewhere inside your ssh configuration and can be whatever you want (start with # for ssh config comments, though):

# DO production
# /DO production

Between these 2 marks the script will delete everything and add the new entries. Be careful not to add your own hosts between these 2 marks.

Step 3: Run the script

$ python3 -m digitalocean_ssh production

· Reading /home/alex/.config/python-digitalocean-ssh/production.json
· Parsing /home/alex/.ssh/config
· Fetching droplets from DO
· Writing into your ssh config file

✓ Done, 11 droplets synced

Now your ssh config will look like this:

# DO production
Host do-prod-control-center1517024146
    # control-center1517024146
    Hostname X.X.X.X
    IdentityFile ~/.ssh/common
    User user
Host do-prod-control-center1517027030
    # control-center1517027030
    Hostname X.X.X.X
    IdentityFile ~/.ssh/common
    User user
... 9 more entries
# /DO production

If you have autogenerated ugly Host names derived from the droplet names, you can make it work with the droplet tags instead; read on.

Use this as a module

With the configuration files at the appropriate place, you can use this as a module to create powerful python scripts:

from digitalocean_ssh import DO
import sys

client = DO(True) # enable debugging

config_type = sys.argv[1] # must pass the configuration type as an argument, e.g. 'production'

config = client.get_config(config_type)
ssh_config = client.parse_ssh_config(config)
droplets = client.fetch_droplets(config)

print(droplets) # DO droplets with combined ip/tags/ssh config information

I want to use a different ssh key, not common!

  • Change the keys.default.key setting

I want to use a different ssh key per droplet tag!

  • Change the keys.tagToKey setting and add in it entries like:
"control-center": {
    "key": "cc_prv",
    "priority": 7
},
"consul-server": {
    "key": "cs_prv",
    "priority": 6
},
"postgres-master": {
    "key": "common",
    "priority": 5
}

The final config will look like this:

{
    "token": "DIGITAL_OCEAN_READ_ONLY_TOKEN_HERE",
    "keys": {
        "tagToKey": {
            "control-center": {
                "key": "cc_prv",
                "priority": 7
            },
            "consul-server": {
                "key": "cs_prv",
                "priority": 6
            },
            "postgres-master": {
                "key": "common",
                "priority": 5
            }
        },
        "default": {
            "key": "common",
            "priority": 0
        }
    },
    "startMark": "# DO production",
    "endMark": "# /DO production",
    "hostPrefix": "do-prod-"
}

Important: A droplet can have more than 1 tag, that's why there's a field called priority there. In the above example, if a droplet has both the control-center and consul-server tags, it will use the key with the higher priority (here control-center). If a droplet has no tags or its tags do not appear in tagToKey, it will use the default key.

For the droplets that match a specific tag, now the Host in the ssh config will have the name of the tag, not the droplet name:

# DO production
Host do-prod-control-center
    # control-center1517024146
    Hostname X.X.X.X
    IdentityFile ~/.ssh/cc_prv
    User user
Host do-prod-control-center2
    # control-center1517027030
    Hostname X.X.X.X
    IdentityFile ~/.ssh/cc_prv
    User user
... more entries
# /DO production

This is convenient for large environments where the droplet names are autogenerated

Note: The droplet name is still visible as a comment in the first line of each entry

Note: As shown in the above example, if 2 or more droplets share the same tag, an ascending number is appended to the Host value.

Now you can see everything easily using ssh's tab completion, and connect anywhere:

$ ssh do-prod- <hit TAB key twice>

do-prod-control-center   do-prod-mongodb  do-prod-load-balancer    do-prod-nodejs2          do-prod-postgres-slave   do-prod-blog
do-prod-control-center2  do-prod-landing-page     do-prod-nodejs           do-prod-postgres-master  do-prod-redis            

I have production and testing and I work in 10 different companies!

Simply create different configuration files under ~/.config/python-digitalocean-ssh/, one for each use case of yours, like production.json and testing.json. It will be useful to have a different hostPrefix for each use case.

Also, add the different markings in your ssh config file, e.g.:

# DO production
# /DO production

# DO testing
# /DO testing

Now if you run

$ python3 -m digitalocean_ssh production

it will go on and read from production.json and write in the corresponding marking inside your ssh config. And if you run

$ python3 -m digitalocean_ssh testing

it will go on and read from testing.json and write in the corresponding marking.

Can I safely re-run the script any times I want?

Yes, provided that you haven't included any entries of yours between the markings you've specified in the configuration. Everything between the markings is deleted each time the script runs.

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