Python library to operate elements of a finite lattice

## Project description

python-lattice
==============
Python library to operate elements of a finite lattice

A finite lattice is an algebraic structure in which any two elements have a
limitation in the element class (supports unhashable types) and a Hasse diagram
can be created. Comments of any kind are welcome.
Usage and Example 1
-------------------
Given the power set of { x, y, z } partially ordered by inclusion.
In this case, the join and meet operation is the union and intersection between
sets, respectively.
>>> powerset=[set(),set(['x']),set(['y']),set(['z']),set(['x','y']),set(['x','z']),set(['y','z']),set(['x','y','z'])]
>>> def intersection(a,b): return a&b
...
>>> def union(a,b): return a|b
...

The lattice may be defined as following.
>>> from lattice import Lattice
>>> L=Lattice(powerset,union,intersection)
>>> L
Lattice([set([]), set(['x']), set(['y']), set(['z']), set(['y', 'x']), set(['x', 'z']), set(['y', 'z']), set(['y', 'x', 'z'])],<function union at 0x7f41e3d4ede8>,<function intersection at 0x7f41e3d4ec08>)

The elements can be created by referencing the original object or by indexing in
Lattice.Uelements. The lattice's top and bottom can be access by
Lattice.TopElement and Lattice.BottonElement:
>>> set_with_x=L.wrap(set(['x']))
>>> set_with_x
LatticeElement(L, set(['x']))
>>> set_with_x.unwrap
set(['x'])
>>> emptyset=L.wrap(set([]))
>>> emptyset == L.BottonElement
True
>>> L.TopElement
LatticeElement(L, set(['y', 'x', 'z']))
>>> set_with_y=L.wrap(set(['y']))
>>> set_with_yz=L.wrap(set(['y','z']))

The lattice elements supports the following operations:
>>> set_with_x | set_with_yz # join
LatticeElement(L, set(['y', 'x', 'z']))
>>> set_with_y & set_with_yz # meet
LatticeElement(L, set(['y']))
>>> set_with_x & set_with_yz == emptyset # equal
True
>>> set_with_y <= set_with_yz #partial order relation
True
>>> set_with_x <= set_with_yz #partial order relation
False

To graph a Hasse diagram based on the created lattice run Lattice.Hasse(). This
will return graphviz code. If scapy is installed (this condition will be removed
in the future), it will appear the graph.
>>> print L.Hasse()
digraph G {
splines="line"
rankdir=BT
"set(['y', 'x', 'z'])" [shape=box];
"set([])" [shape=box];
"set([])" -> "set(['x'])";
"set([])" -> "set(['y'])";
"set([])" -> "set(['z'])";
"set(['x'])" -> "set(['y', 'x'])";
"set(['x'])" -> "set(['x', 'z'])";
"set(['y'])" -> "set(['y', 'x'])";
"set(['y'])" -> "set(['y', 'z'])";
"set(['z'])" -> "set(['x', 'z'])";
"set(['z'])" -> "set(['y', 'z'])";
"set(['y', 'x'])" -> "set(['y', 'x', 'z'])";
"set(['x', 'z'])" -> "set(['y', 'x', 'z'])";
"set(['y', 'z'])" -> "set(['y', 'x', 'z'])";
}

Example 2
---------
>>> from lattice import Lattice
>>> def gcd(a,b):
... while b > 0: a,b = b, a%b
... return a
...
>>> def lcm(a, b):
... return a*b/gcd(a,b)
...
>>> L=Lattice([ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, 60 ],lcm,gcd)
>>> L.Hasse()
digraph G {
splines="line"
rankdir=BT
"60" [shape=box];
"1" [shape=box];
"1" -> "2";
"1" -> "3";
"1" -> "5";
"2" -> "4";
"2" -> "6";
"2" -> "10";
"3" -> "6";
"3" -> "15";
"4" -> "12";
"4" -> "20";
"5" -> "10";
"5" -> "15";
"6" -> "12";
"6" -> "30";
"10" -> "20";
"10" -> "30";
"12" -> "60";
"15" -> "30";
"20" -> "60";
"30" -> "60";
}

## Project details 