Skip to main content

Transform internal id's to obfuscated integers using Knuth's integer hash

Project description

Build Status


This is based fully on pjebs/optimus-go for Go which is based on jenssegers/optimus for PHP which is based on Knuth's Integer Hashing (Multiplicative Hashing) from his book The Art Of Computer Programming, Vol. 3, 2nd Edition, Section 6.4, Page 516.

With this library, you can transform your internal id's to obfuscated integers based on Knuth's integer hash. It is similar to Hashids, but will generate integers instead of random strings. It is also super fast.

This library supports both 32 and 64 bits integers, although in Python you don't have that differentiation between int32 and int64, even bigint or bignum is the same since PEP 237. The reason you need a bitlength is that the algorithm itself works on a fixed bitlength. By default this library uses 64 bits.

Python Support

So far it's only tested on Python 3.8 and Python 3.9


pip install python-optimus


Basic usage:

from optimus_ids import Optimus
my_optimus = Optimus(
    prime=<your prime number>
my_int_id = <some id you have>
my_int_id_hashed = my_optimus.encode(my_int_id)
assert my_int_id == my_optimus.decode(my_int_id_hashed)

The caveat with the usage above is that every time you create your Optimus instance it will have a random component, even with using the same prime, so a proper usage should be like this:

from optimus_ids import Optimus
my_optimus = Optimus(
    prime=<your prime number>,
    random=<some random number>
my_int_id = <some id you have>
my_int_id_hashed = my_optimus.encode(my_int_id)
assert my_int_id == my_optimus.decode(my_int_id_hashed)

To generate a suitable random number you could do this:

from optimus_ids import rand_n, MAX_64_INT  # use 32 instead of 64 if you want to
my_random_number = rand_n(MAX_64_INT - 1)

You can also generate an Optimus intance and then keep its prime, inverse and random properties stored, so you can always configure a new instance with the same components, or even pickle it:

from optimus_ids import generate, Optimus
my_optimus = generate()

# store the following variables or pickle the my_optimus variable
prime =
inverse = my_optimus.inverse
random = my_optimus.random
bitlength = my_optimus.bitlength

# create a new instance with the same parameters or unpickle an instance
my_other_optimus = Optimus(
assert my_optimus.encode(42) == my_other_optimus.encode(42)
assert my_optimus.decode(my_other_optimus.encode(42)) == my_other_optimus.decode(my_optimus.encode(42))

NOTE for the generate function to work, it needs data, the data is large, and not available with the package, the data should be downloaded from here and the path to it is passed to the generate function. By default it expects the data to be in a folder called optimus-primes in the current working directory.

├── ...
└── optimus-primes
    ├── p1.txt
    ├── p2.txt
    ├── ...
    └── p50.txt

Check the tests folder for test cases and other usage examples.


This work is licensed under MIT License.

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for python-optimus, version 1.0.1
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size python_optimus-1.0.1-py3-none-any.whl (4.4 kB) File type Wheel Python version py3 Upload date Hashes View
Filename, size python-optimus-1.0.1.tar.gz (3.8 kB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing Datadog Datadog Monitoring Facebook / Instagram Facebook / Instagram PSF Sponsor Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Huawei Huawei PSF Sponsor Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor NVIDIA NVIDIA PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Salesforce Salesforce PSF Sponsor Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page