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A python wrapper around the Twitter API

Project description

=Python Twitter=

_A python wrapper around the Twitter API_

Author: `DeWitt Clinton <>`


This library provides a pure python interface for the Twitter API.

Twitter ( provides a service that allows people to
connect via the web, IM, and SMS. Twitter exposes a web services API
( and this library is intended to make
it even easier for python programmers to use.


*From source:*

Download the latest python-twitter library from:

Install the dependencies:

Untar the source distribution and run:

$ python build
$ python
$ python install

==Getting the code==

View the trunk at:

Check out the latest development version anonymously with:

$ svn checkout python-twitter


View the last release API documentation at:


The library provides a python wrapper around the Twitter API and
the twitter data model.


The three model classes are twitter.Status, twitter.User, and
twitter.DirectMessage. The API methods return instances of these

To read the full API for twitter.Status, twitter.User, or
twitter.DirectMessage, run:

$ pydoc twitter.Status
$ pydoc twitter.User
$ pydoc twitter.DirectMessage


The API is exposed via the twitter.Api class.

To create an instance of the twitter.Api class:

>>> import twitter
>>> api = twitter.Api()

To create an instance of the twitter.Api with login credentials (many API
calls required the client to be authenticated):

>>> api = twitter.Api(username='username', password='password)

To fetch the most recently posted public twitter status messages:

>>> statuses = api.GetPublicTimeline()
>>> print [ for s in statuses]
[u'DeWitt', u'Kesuke Miyagi', u'ev', u'Buzz Andersen', u'Biz Stone']

To fetch a single user's public status messages, where "user" is either
a Twitter "short name" or their user id.

>>> statuses = api.GetUserTimeline(user)
>>> print [s.text for s in statuses]

To fetch a list a user's friends (requires authentication):

>>> users = api.GetFriends()
>>> print [ for u in users]

To post a twitter status message (requires authentication):

>>> status = api.PostUpdate(username, password, 'I love python-twitter!')
>>> print status.text
I love python-twitter!

There are many more API methods, to read the full API documentation:

$ pydoc twitter.Api


Patches and bug reports are welcome, just please keep the style
consistent with the original source.

Add more example scripts.

The twitter.Status and twitter.User classes are going to be hard
to keep in sync with the API if the API changes. More of the
code could probably be written with introspection.

Statement coverage of twitter_test is only about 80% of

The twitter.Status and twitter.User classes could perform more validation
on the property setters.

==More Information==

Please visit for more discussion.


Additional thanks to Pierre-Jean Coudert, Omar Kilani, and the rest of the
python-twitter mailing list.


Copyright 2007 Google Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the 'License');
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an 'AS IS' BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.


Added support for X-Twitter-* HTTP headers
Fixed the tests to work across all timezones
Removed the 140 character limit from PostUpdate
Added support for per-user tmp cache directories


Released 0.4.
Fixed a unicode error that prevented from working.
Added DestroyStatus
Added DestroyDirectMessage
Added CreateFriendship
Added DestoryFriendship


Fixed the bug that prevented unicode strings being posted
Username and password now set on twitter.Api, not individual method calls
Added SetCredentials and ClearCredentials
Added GetUser ("users/show" in the twitter web api)
Added GetFeatured
Added GetDirectMessages
Added GetStatus ("statuses/show" in the twitter web api)
Added GetReplies
Added optional since_id parameter on GetPublicTimeline
Added optional since parameter on GetUserTimeline
Added optional since and user parameters on GetFriendsTimeline
Added optional user parameter on GetFriends


Modified examples/ to handle unicode
Dropped dependency on setuptools (too complicated/buggy)
Added unicode test cases
Fixed issue 2 "Rename needs an unlink in front"


Released 0.3.
Use gmtime not localtime to calculate relative_created_at.


Released 0.2
GetUserTimeline can accept userid or username.


Calculate relative_created_at on the fly


Released 0.1
Initial checkin of python-twitter


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