Convex Optimization in Python using Proximal Splitting
The PyUNLocBoX is a Python package which uses proximal splitting methods to solve non-differentiable convex optimization problems. It is a free software, distributed under the BSD license, and available on PyPI. The documentation is available on Read the Docs and development takes place on GitHub. (A Matlab counterpart exists.)
The package is designed to be easy to use while allowing any advanced tasks. It is not meant to be a black-box optimization tool. You’ll have to carefully design your solver. In exchange you’ll get full control of what the package does for you, without the pain of rewriting the proximity operators and the solvers and with the added benefit of tested algorithms. With this package, you can focus on your problem and the best way to solve it rather that the details of the algorithms. It comes with the following solvers:
- Gradient descent
- Forward-backward splitting algorithm (FISTA, ISTA)
- Douglas-Rachford splitting algorithm
- Generalized forward-backward
- Monotone+Lipschitz forward-backward-forward primal-dual algorithm
- Projection-based primal-dual algorithm
Moreover, the following acceleration schemes are included:
- FISTA acceleration scheme
- Backtracking based on a quadratic approximation of the objective
- Regularized nonlinear acceleration (RNA)
To compose your objective, you can either define your custom functions (which should implement an evaluation method and a gradient or proximity method) or use one of the followings:
- Projection on the L2-ball
Following is a typical usage example who solves an optimization problem composed by the sum of two convex functions. The functions and solver objects are first instantiated with the desired parameters. The problem is then solved by a call to the solving function.
>>> from pyunlocbox import functions, solvers >>> f1 = functions.norm_l2(y=[4, 5, 6, 7]) >>> f2 = functions.dummy() >>> solver = solvers.forward_backward() >>> ret = solvers.solve([f1, f2], [0., 0, 0, 0], solver, atol=1e-5) Solution found after 9 iterations: objective function f(sol) = 6.714385e-08 stopping criterion: ATOL >>> ret['sol'] array([ 3.99990766, 4.99988458, 5.99986149, 6.99983841])
The PyUNLocBoX is available on PyPI:
$ pip install pyunlocbox
See the guidelines for contributing in CONTRIBUTING.rst.
The PyUNLocBoX was started in 2014 as an academic open-source project for research purpose at the EPFL LTS2 laboratory.
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