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Library to remote control LG Web OS TV

Project description


Build Status Coverage Status

Why another Library?

I looked at a few libraries. The LGWebOSRemote repository by klattimer is definitely a good library, but it has a few problems:

  • Meant to be used with Python 2.x.
  • Assumes all the users of the library would like to save the credentials to ~/.lgtv.json.
  • Assumes only a single command will be fired and waited on at any given time (ctrl+F for self.__waiting_callback)
  • Mouse/Keyboard not supported.

This SDK is a tiny attempt at overcoming some of the above problems.

Current status?

At the moment, I haven't been able to do any kind of extensive testing. No unit test cases too! Current status: Works for quite a few people! :)

Currently working on more controlsand unit test cases. I will soon upload it to PyPI.

How to Use: Connecting to the TV

Establishing the connection.

from pywebostv.discovery import *    # Because I'm lazy, don't do this.
from pywebostv.connection import *
from pywebostv.controls import *

# The 'store' gets populated during the registration process. If it is empty, a registration prompt
# will show up on the TV. You can pass any dictionary-like interface instead -- that when values are
# set, will persist to a DB, a config file or something similar.
store = {}

# Scans the current network to discover TV. Avoid [0] in real code. If you already know the IP,
# you could skip the slow scan and # instead simply say:
#    client = WebOSClient("<IP Address of TV>")
client =[0]
for status in client.register(store):
    if status == WebOSClient.PROMPTED:
        print("Please accept the connect on the TV!")
    elif status == WebOSClient.REGISTERED:
        print("Registration successful!")

Using the connection to call APIs

The client instance represents the main channel of communication with the TV. All *Control instances (MediaControl, ApplicationControl etc) share the same underlying connection. All available APIs are grouped into separate classes (for cleanliness) like MediaControl, SystemControl etc.

Most *Control classes behave in a very similar way and are super extensible. This is because most of the heavy lifting is done in the base class -- incorporating a new API that isn't currently supported by this library should be very easy. Read the extension section for more on this.

Things to note:

  • Most APIs support block= argument. If True the call blocks for the response to arrive. If False, it is a good idea to provide a callback= argument. If you don't care about the response at all, simply call the API with block=False.
  • Some APIs support subscribing for changes. Provide a callback and you will be notified when the event happens. It is an error to subscribe more than once on the same underlying connection. To subscribe, the function you'd call is control.subscribe_api_name() assuming the regular API is called api_name. To unsubscribe, just call: control.unsubscribe_api_name().

The general pattern is:

control = SomeControl(client)

# Blocking call
api_response = control.some_api()

# Blocking call, with parameters (the table below lists API & arguments)
api_response = control.some_other_api(arg1, arg2)

# Blocking call can throw as error:
except ...:
    print("Something went wrong.")

# non-blocking call with callback
def my_function(status_of_call, payload):
    if status_of_call:
        # Successful response from TV.
        # payload is a dict or an object (see API details)
        print(payload)  # Successful response from TV
        # payload is the error string.
        print("Error message: ", payload)
control.async_api(arg1, arg2, callback=my_function)

# Subscription (if the API supports it, that is).

# Unsubscribe
control.unsubscribe_api()  # After this point, you can resubscribe.

API Details

Please note that all the examples below use the blocking calls. Their return values and structure are documented in the comments. They throw python exceptions when unsuccessful. To make non-blocking calls, refer to the section above.

Media Controls

media = MediaControl(client)
media.volume_up()          # Increase the volume by 1 unit. Doesn't return anything
media.volume_down()        # Decrease the volume by 1 unit. Doesn't return anything
media.get_volume()         # Get volume status. Returns something like:
                           # {'scenario': 'mastervolume_tv_speaker', 'volume': 9, 'muted': False}
media.set_volume(<int>)    # The argument is an integer from 1 to 100. Doesn't return anything.
media.mute(status)         # status=True mutes the TV. status=Fale unmutes it.


get_volume supports subscription. To subscribe to volume changes, say something like:

def on_volume_change(status, payload):
    if status:
        print("Something went wrong.")

media.subscribe_get_volume(on_volume_change)  # on_volume_change(..) will now be called when the
                                              # volume/mute status etc changes.

System Controls

system = SystemControl(client)
system.notify("This is a notification message!")  # Show a notification message on the TV.
system.power_off()                                # Turns off the TV. There is no way to turn it
                                                  # back on programmically unless you use
                                                  # something like Wake-on-LAN or something liker
                                                  # that.                                     # Returns a dict with keys such as product_name,
                                                  # model_name, # major_ver, minor_ver etc.

Application Controls

app = ApplicationControl(client)
apps = app.list_apps()                            # Returns a list of `Application` instances.

# Let's launch YouTube!
yt = [x for x in apps if "youtube" in x["title"].lower()][0]
                                                  # Search for YouTube & launch it (Of course, don't
                                                  # be this lazy. Check for errors). Also, Try
                                                  # searching similarly for "amazon", "netflix" etc.
launch_info = app.launch(yt)                      # Launches YouTube and shows the main page.
launch_info = app.launch(yt, content_id="dQw4w9WgXcQ")
                                                  # Or you could even launch a video directly!
app.close(launch_info)                            # Close what we just launched.

# Let's get the icon of the foreground app.
app_id = app.get_current()                        # Returns the application ID (string) of the
                                                  # foreground app.
foreground_app = [x for x in apps if app_id == x["id"]][0]
                                                  # Application app["id"] ==["id"].
icon_url = foreground_app["icon"]                 # This returns an HTTP URL hosted by the TV.


.get_current() supports subscription. To subscribe, call app.subscribe_get_current(callback) in the same way as .subscribe_get_volume(..) above.

Mouse and Button Controls

inp = InputControl(client)

inp.type("This sends keyboard input!")            # This sends keystrokes, but needs the keyboard to
                                                  # be displayed on the screen.
inp.enter()                                       # Return key.
inp.delete(10)                                    # Backspace 10 chars

The above APIs behave much like the other APIs above. The ones below are a little different. WebOS requires that we open a different connection and uses a different message structure. You must call inp.connect_input() to create this connection and inp.disconnect_input() to close it. All the APIs below should be called between connect and disconnect.

inp.move(10, 10)    # Moves mouse         # Click where the mouse pointer is. It sometimes also acts as the center "OK"
                    # button on the remote.
inp.num_1()         # Number keys...
inp.asterisk()      # Literally just an "*"            # Closed captioning
inp.exit()            # Colored buttons
inp.mute()          # The remaining commands are also available in either MediaControl or TvControl

TV Controls

tv_control = TvControl()

Source Controls

source_control = SourceControl(client)
sources = source_control.list_sources()    # Returns a list of InputSource instances.
source_control.set_source(sources[0])      # .set_source(..) accepts an InputSource instance.

# To get the current current source being used, please use the API that retrieves the foreground
# app.

More controls coming soon!


  • klattimer for his library! Since WebOS team decided against providing any sort of documentation, his repository was extremely useful for an initial implementation
  • As far as input controls are concerned, they are based on the Java package written by Connect-SDK folks!
  • All individual contributors to this repository.

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