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RDDL2TensorFlow compiler.

Project description

rddl2tf Build Status Documentation Status License: GPL v3

RDDL2TensorFlow compiler in Python3.


rddl2tf is a Python 3.5+ package available in PyPI.

$ pip3 install rddl2tf


rddl2tf can be used as a standalone script or programmatically.

Script mode

$ rddl2tf --help
usage: rddl2tf [-h] [-b BATCH_SIZE] [--logdir LOGDIR] rddl

rddl2tf (v0.5.1): RDDL2TensorFlow compiler in Python3.

positional arguments:
  rddl                  path to RDDL file or rddlgym problem id

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -b BATCH_SIZE, --batch-size BATCH_SIZE
                        number of fluents in a batch (default=256)
  --logdir LOGDIR       log directory for tensorboard graph visualization


$ rddl2tf Reservoir-8 --batch-size=1024 --logdir=/tmp/rddl2tf
tensorboard --logdir /tmp/rddl2tf/reservoir/inst_reservoir_res8
$ rddl2tf Mars_Rover --batch-size=1024 --logdir=/tmp/rddl2tf
tensorboard --logdir /tmp/rddl2tf/simple_mars_rover/inst_simple_mars_rover_pics3

Programmatic mode

import rddlgym

from rddl2tf.compilers import DefaultCompiler

# parse RDDL into an AST
model_id = 'Reservoir-8'
model = rddlgym.make(model_id, mode=rddlgym.AST)

# create a RDDL-to-TF compiler
compiler = DefaultCompiler(model, batch_size=256)

# compile initial state and default action fluents
state = compiler.initial_state()
action = compiler.default_action()

# compile state invariants and action preconditions
invariants = compiler.state_invariants(state)
preconditions = compiler.action_preconditions(state, action)

# compile action bounds
bounds = compiler.action_bound_constraints(state)

# compile intermediate fluents and next state fluents
interms, next_state = compiler.cpfs(state, action)

# compile reward function
reward = compiler.reward(state, action, next_state)

# save and visualize the computation graph
logdir = os.path.join(args.logdir,,
file_writer = tf.summary.FileWriter(logdir, compiler.graph)
print('tensorboard --logdir {}\n'.format(logdir))


Core API methods

  • rddl2tf.Compiler.initial_state
  • rddl2tf.Compiler.default_action
  • rddl2tf.Compiler.cpfs
  • rddl2tf.Compiler.reward
  • rddl2tf.Compiler.state_action_constraints
  • rddl2tf.Compiler.action_preconditions
  • rddl2tf.Compiler.state_invariants
  • rddl2tf.Compiler.action_bound_constraints

Parameterized Variables (pvariables)

Each RDDL fluent is compiled to a rddl2tf.TensorFluent after instantiation.

A rddl2tf.TensorFluent object wraps a tf.Tensor object. The arity and the number of objects corresponding to the type of each parameter of a fluent are reflected in a rddl2tf.TensorFluentShape object (the rank of a rddl2tf.TensorFluent corresponds to the fluent arity and the size of its dimensions corresponds to the number of objects of each type). Also, a rddl2tf.TensorFluentShape manages batch sizes when evaluating operations in batch mode.

Additionally, a rddl2tf.TensorFluentkeeps information about the ordering of the fluent parameters in a rddl2tf.TensorScope object.

The rddl2tf.TensorFluent abstraction is necessary in the evaluation of RDDL expressions due the broadcasting rules of operations in TensorFlow.

Conditional Probability Functions (CPFs)

Each CPF expression is compiled into an operation in a tf.Graph, possibly composed of many other operations. Typical RDDL operations, functions, and probability distributions are mapped to equivalent TensorFlow ops. These operations are added to a tf.Graph by recursively compiling the expressions in a CPF into wrapped operations and functions implemented at the rddl2tf.TensorFluent level.

Note that the RDDL2TensorFlow compiler currently only supports element-wise operations (e.g. a(?x, ?y) = b(?x) * c(?y) is not allowed). However, all compiled operations are vectorized, i.e., computations are done simultaneously for all object instantiations of a pvariable.

Optionally, during simulation operations can be evaluated in batch mode. In this case, state-action trajectories are generated in parallel by the rddl2tf.Simulator.


Please refer to for the code documentation.


If you are having issues with rddl2tf, please let me know at:


Copyright (c) 2018-2020 Thiago Pereira Bueno All Rights Reserved.

rddl2tf is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

rddl2tf is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with rddl2tf. If not, see

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