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RANDOM.ORG JSON-RPC API (Release 2) Python 3 implementation.

Project description

RANDOM.ORG JSON-RPC API (Release 2) implementation.

This is a Python 3 implementation of the RANDOM.ORG JSON-RPC API (Release 2). It provides either serialized or unserialized access to both the signed and unsigned methods of the API through the RandomOrgClient class. It also provides a convenience class through the RandomOrgClient class, the RandomOrgCache, for precaching requests. In the context of this module, a serialized client is one for which the sequence of requests matches the sequence of responses.


To install, simply: pip install rdoclient-py3 after you set up a virtual environment (eg, with virtualenvwrapper):

mkvirtualenv --python=/usr/local/bin/python3.6 rdoclient-py3

The base RDO implementation only requires the requests library: pip install requests. However, this package (rdoclient-py3) requires additional dependencies:

pip install pytest


Secure an API key and run the tests. Note that to run the accompanying tests the API_KEY fields must be given authentic values. Get an API key from here.

Set _API_KEY_1 equal to your API key, and leave _API_KEY_2 equal to something else.

Then run tests like so:



The default setup is best for non-time-critical serialized requests, eg, batch clients:

>>> from rdoclient_py3 import RandomOrgClient
>>> r = RandomOrgClient(YOUR_API_KEY_HERE)
>>> r.generate_integers(5, 0, 10)
[6, 2, 8, 9, 2]

…or for more time sensitive serialized applications, eg, real-time draws, use:

>>> r = RandomOrgClient(YOUR_API_KEY_HERE, blocking_timeout=2.0, http_timeout=10.0)
>>> r.generate_signed_integers(5, 0, 10)
{'random': {u'min': 0, u'max': 10, u'completionTime': u'2014-05-19 14:26:14Z', u'serialNumber': 1482, u'n': 5, u'base': 10, u'hashedApiKey': u'HASHED_KEY_HERE', u'data': [10, 9, 0, 1, 5], u'method': u'generateSignedIntegers', u'replacement': True}, 'data': [10, 9, 0, 1, 5], 'signature': u'SIGNATURE_HERE'}

If obtaining some kind of response instantly is important, a cache should be used. A cache will populate itself as quickly and efficiently as possible allowing pre-obtained randomness to be supplied instantly. If randomness is not available - eg, the cache is empty - the cache will return an Empty exception allowing the lack of randomness to be handled without delay:

>>> r = RandomOrgClient(YOUR_API_KEY_HERE, blocking_timeout=60.0*60.0, http_timeout=30.0)
>>> c = r.create_integer_cache(5, 0, 10)
>>> try:
...     c.get()
... except Queue.Empty:
...     # handle lack of true random number here
...     # possibly use a pseudo random number generator
[1, 4, 6, 9, 10]

Note that caches don’t support signed responses as it is assumed that clients using the signing features want full control over the serial numbering of responses.

Finally, it is possible to request live results as-soon-as-possible and without serialization, however this may be more prone to timeout failures as the client must obey the server’s advisory delay times if the server is overloaded:

>>> r = RandomOrgClient(YOUR_API_KEY_HERE, blocking_timeout=0.0, http_timeout=10.0, serialized=False)
>>> r.generate_integers(5, 0, 10)
[3, 5, 2, 4, 8]


For a full list of available randomness generation functions and other features see documentation and this link.

Change log

See this link for packaging documentation.

  • 2019-08-21 Release 2.0.6: Updated API Endpoint to use v2
  • 2018-04-10 Release 2.0.5: Fixed Python 3.5 compatibility for exception errors
  • 2018-02-11 Release 2.0.3: Improved README and fixed tests
  • 2017-12-06 Release 2.0.2: Obfuscated API in logging output
  • 2017-07-15 Release 2.0.1: Converted to RST for PyPi
  • 2017-07-15 Release 2.0.0: Initial release. Added to PyPi

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