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Project Description

remoto

A very simplistic remote-command-executor using ssh and Python in the remote end.

All the heavy lifting is done by execnet, while this minimal API provides the bare minimum to handle easy logging and connections from the remote end.

remoto is a bit opinionated as it was conceived to replace helpers and remote utilities for ceph-deploy a tool to run remote commands to configure and setup the distributed file system Ceph.

Example Usage

The usage aims to be extremely straightforward, with a very minimal set of helpers and utilities for remote processes and logging output.

The most basic example will use the run helper to execute a command on the remote end. It does require a logging object, which needs to be one that, at the very least, has both error and debug. Those are called for stderr and stdout respectively.

This is how it would look with a basic logger passed in:

>>> import logging
>>> logging.basicConfig(level=logging.DEBUG)
>>> logger = logging.getLogger('hostname')
>>> conn = remoto.Connection('hostname', logger=logger)
>>> run(conn, ['ls', '-a'])
INFO:hostname:Running command: ls -a
DEBUG:hostname:.
DEBUG:hostname:..
DEBUG:hostname:.bash_history
DEBUG:hostname:.bash_logout
DEBUG:hostname:.bash_profile
DEBUG:hostname:.bashrc
DEBUG:hostname:.gem
DEBUG:hostname:.lesshst
DEBUG:hostname:.pki
DEBUG:hostname:.puppet
DEBUG:hostname:.ssh
DEBUG:hostname:.vim
DEBUG:hostname:.viminfo

The run helper will display the stderr and stdout as ERROR and DEBUG respectively.

For other types of usage (like checking exit status codes, or raising upon them) remoto does provide them too.

Remote Commands

process.run

Calling remote commands can be done in a few different ways. The most simple one is with process.run:

>>> from remoto.process import run
>>> from remoto import Connection
>>> logger = logging.getLogger('myhost')
>>> conn = Connection('myhost', logger=logger)
>>> run(conn, ['whoami'])
INFO:myhost:Running command: whoami
DEBUG:myhost:root

Note however, that you are not capturing results or information from the remote end. The intention here is only to be able to run a command and log its output. It is a fire and forget call.

process.check

This callable, allows the caller to deal with the stderr, stdout and exit code. It returns it in a 3 item tuple:

>>> from remoto.process import check
>>> check(conn, ['ls', '/nonexistent/path'])
([], ['ls: cannot access /nonexistent/path: No such file or directory'], 2)

Note that the stdout and stderr items are returned as lists with the \n characters removed.

This is useful if you need to process the information back locally, as opposed to just firing and forgetting (while logging, like process.run).

Remote Functions

To execute remote functions (ideally) you would need to define them in a module and add the following to the end of that module:

if __name__ == '__channelexec__':
    for item in channel:
        channel.send(eval(item))

If you had a function in a module named foo that looks like this:

import os

def listdir(path):
    return os.listdir(path)

To be able to execute that listdir function remotely you would need to pass the module to the connection object and then call that function:

>>> import foo
>>> conn = Connection('hostname')
>>> remote_foo = conn.import_module(foo)
>>> remote_foo.listdir('.')
['.bash_logout',
 '.profile',
 '.veewee_version',
 '.lesshst',
 'python',
 '.vbox_version',
 'ceph',
 '.cache',
 '.ssh']

Note that functions to be executed remotely cannot accept objects as arguments, just normal Python data structures, like tuples, lists and dictionaries. Also safe to use are ints and strings.

Automatic detection for remote connections

There is automatic detection for the need to connect remotely (via SSH) or not that it is infered by the hostname of the current host (vs. the host that is connecting to).

If the local host has the same as the remote hostname, a local connection (via Popen) will be opened and that will be used instead of ssh, and avoiding the issues of being able to ssh into the same host.

Automatic detection for using sudo

This magical detection can be enabled by using the detect_sudo flag in the Connection class. It is disabled by default.

When enabled, it will prefix any command with sudo. This is useful for libraries that need super user permissions and want to avoid passing sudo everywhere, which can be non-trivial if dealing with root users that are connecting via SSH.

Release History

Release History

0.0.29

This version

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0.0.28

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0.0.27

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0.0.26

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0.0.25

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0.0.24

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0.0.23

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0.0.22

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0.0.21

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0.0.20

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0.0.19

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0.0.18

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0.0.17

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0.0.16

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0.0.14

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0.0.13

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0.0.12

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0.0.11

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0.0.10

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0.0.9

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0.0.8

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0.0.7

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0.0.6

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0.0.5

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0.0.4

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0.0.3

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0.0.2

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0.0.1

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File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
remoto-0.0.29.tar.gz (44.6 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Jun 17, 2016

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