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Python SDK and CLI for the Renku platform.

Project description

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A Python library for the Renku collaborative data science platform. It includes a CLI and SDK for end-users as well as a service backend. It provides functionality for the creation and management of projects and datasets, and simple utilities to capture data provenance while performing analysis tasks.

NOTE:
renku-python is the python library and core service for Renku - it does not start the Renku platform itself - for that, refer to the Renku docs on running the platform.

Renku for Users

Installation

Renku releases and development versions are available from PyPI. You can install it using any tool that knows how to handle PyPI packages. Our recommendation is to use :code:pipx.

Note

We do not officially support Windows at this moment. The way Windows handles paths and symlinks interferes with some Renku functionality. We recommend using the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) to use Renku on Windows.

Prerequisites

Renku depends on Git under the hood, so make sure that you have Git installed on your system.

Renku also offers support to store large files in Git LFS, which is used by default and should be installed on your system. If you do not wish to use Git LFS, you can run Renku commands with the -S flag, as in renku -S <command>. More information on Git LFS usage in renku can be found in the Data in Renku section of the docs.

Renku uses CWL to execute recorded workflows when calling renku update or renku rerun. CWL depends on NodeJs to execute the workflows, so installing NodeJs is required if you want to use those features.

For development of the service, Docker is recommended.

pipx

First, install pipx and make sure that the $PATH is correctly configured.

$ python3 -m pip install --user pipx
$ python3 -m pipx ensurepath

Once pipx is installed use following command to install renku.

$ pipx install renku
$ which renku
~/.local/bin/renku

pipx installs Renku into its own virtual environment, making sure that it does not pollute any other packages or versions that you may have already installed.

Note

If you install Renku as a dependency in a virtual environment and the environment is active, your shell will default to the version installed in the virtual environment, not the version installed by pipx.

To install a development release:

$ pipx install --pip-args pre renku

pip

$ pip install renku

The latest development versions are available on PyPI or from the Git repository:

$ pip install --pre renku
# - OR -
$ pip install -e git+https://github.com/SwissDataScienceCenter/renku-python.git#egg=renku

Use following installation steps based on your operating system and preferences if you would like to work with the command line interface and you do not need the Python library to be importable.

Windows

Note

We don’t officially support Windows yet, but Renku works well in the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). As such, the following can be regarded as a best effort description on how to get started with Renku on Windows.

Renku can be run using the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). To install the WSL, please follow the official instructions.

We recommend you use the Ubuntu 20.04 image in the WSL when you get to that step of the installation.

Once WSL is installed, launch the WSL terminal and install the packages required by Renku with:

$ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install git python3 python3-pip python3-venv pipx

Since Ubuntu has an older version of git LFS installed by default which is known to have some bugs when cloning repositories, we recommend you manually install the newest version by following these instructions.

Once all the requirements are installed, you can install Renku normally by running:

$ pipx install renku
$ pipx ensurepath

After this, Renku is ready to use. You can access your Windows in the various mount points in /mnt/ and you can execute Windows executables (e.g. \*.exe) as usual directly from the WSL (so renku run myexecutable.exe will work as expected).

Docker

The containerized version of the CLI can be launched using Docker command.

$ docker run -it -v "$PWD":"$PWD" -w="$PWD" renku/renku-python renku

It makes sure your current directory is mounted to the same place in the container.

CLI Example

Initialize a Renku project:

$ mkdir -p ~/temp/my-renku-project
$ cd ~/temp/my-renku-project
$ renku init

Create a dataset and add data to it:

$ renku dataset create my-dataset
$ renku dataset add my-dataset https://raw.githubusercontent.com/SwissDataScienceCenter/renku-python/master/README.rst

Run an analysis:

$ renku run --name my-workflow -- wc < data/my-dataset/README.rst > wc_readme

Trace the data provenance:

$ renku workflow visualize wc_readme

These are the basics, but there is much more that Renku allows you to do with your data analysis workflows. The full documentation will soon be available at: https://renku-python.readthedocs.io/

Renku as a Service

This repository includes a renku-core RPC service written as a Flask application that provides (almost) all of the functionality of the Renku CLI. This is used to provide one of the backends for the RenkuLab web UI. The service can be deployed in production as a Helm chart (see helm-chart.

Deploying locally

To test the service functionality you can deploy it quickly and easily using docker-compose up [docker-compose](https://pypi.org/project/docker-compose/). Make sure to make a copy of the renku/service/.env-example file and configure it to your needs. The setup here is to expose the service behind a traefik reverse proxy to mimic an actual production deployment. You can access the proxied endpoints at http://localhost/api. The service itself is exposed on port 8080 so its endpoints are available directly under http://localhost:8080.

API Documentation

The renku core service implements the API documentation as an OpenAPI 3.0.x spec. You can retrieve the yaml of the specification itself with

` $ renku service apispec `

If deploying the service locally with docker-compose you can find the swagger-UI under localhost/api/swagger. To send the proper authorization headers to the service endpoints, click the Authorize button and enter a valid JWT token and a gitlab token with read/write repository scopes. The JWT token can be obtained by logging in to a renku instance with renku login and retrieving it from your local renku configuration.

In a live deployment, the swagger documentation is available under https://<renku-endpoint>/swagger. You can authorize the API by first logging into renku normally, then going to the swagger page, clicking Authorize and picking the oidc (OAuth2, authorization_code) option. Leave the client_id as swagger and the client_secret empty, select all scopes and click Authorize. You should now be logged in and you can send requests using the Try it out buttons on individual requests.

Developing Renku

For testing the functionality from source it is convenient to install renku in editable mode using pipx. Clone the repository and then do:

$ pipx install \
    --editable \
    <path-to-renku-python>[all] \
    renku

This will install all the extras for testing and debugging.

If you already use pyenv to manage different python versions, you may be interested in installing pyenv-virtualenv to create an ad-hoc virtual environment for developing renku.

Once you have created and activated a virtual environment for renku-python, you can use the usual pip commands to install the required dependencies.

$ pip install -e .[all]  # use `.[all]` for zsh

Service

Developing the service and testing its APIs can be done with docker compose (see “Deploying Locally” above).

If you have a full RenkuLab deployment at your disposal, you can use telepresence v1 to develop and debug locally. Just run the start-telepresence.sh script and follow the instructions. Mind that the script doesn’t work with telepresence v2.

Running tests

We use pytest for running tests. You can use our run-tests.sh script for running specific set of tests.

$ ./run-tests.sh -h

We lint the files using black and isort.

Using External Debuggers

Local Machine

To run renku via e.g. the Visual Studio Code debugger you need run it via the python executable in whatever virtual environment was used to install renku. If there is a package needed for the debugger, you need to inject it into the virtual environment first, e.g.:

$ pipx inject renku ptvsd

Finally, run renku via the debugger:

$ ~/.local/pipx/venvs/renku/bin/python -m ptvsd --host localhost --wait -m renku.cli <command>

If using Visual Studio Code, you may also want to set the Remote Attach configuration PathMappings so that it will find your source code, e.g.

{
    "name": "Python: Remote Attach",
    "type": "python",
    "request": "attach",
    "port": 5678,
    "host": "localhost",
    "pathMappings": [
        {
            "localRoot": "<path-to-renku-python-source-code>",
            "remoteRoot": "<path-to-renku-python-source-code>"
        }
    ]
}

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