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CAS plugin for repoze.who by Makina Corpus

Project Description

Introduction

repoze.who.plugins.cas is a plugin for the repoze.who framework that enables Single Sign-On (SSO) for applications via a Central Authentication Service (CAS) server.

The plugin follows the protocols described in the official documentation for login, ticket validation, and logout. The plugin has been tested against instances of CAS 3.0+ servers.

Compatibility Note

Whilst the plugin supports both CAS 1.0- and CAS 2.0-style service ticket validation, the plugin has currently only been tested against instances of CAS 3.0+ servers. Backwards compatibility is unknown at the point and assistance testing this plugin is welcomed.

Potential Applications

Applications which can be used :

  • Apps complying with the simple_authentication WSGI specification, which take advantage of the REMOTE_USER key in the WSGI environment.
  • Custom applications that utilise the repoze.who environment variables present within a WSGI request.
  • Apps which can handle themselves the CAS mechanism (for example: phpBB with the CAS patch, using wphp as a Paste filter for integration of PHP with Python),

Development

To run the test suite, clone this project from source code hosting and run the following:

cd repoze.who.plugins.cas
python bootstrap.py
./bin/buildout
./bin/test

Installing

Requirement

You must have a CAS server working and you will need to know the URL to your CAS server. Typically, this will be the part of the URL before your /login or /logout URLs for CAS. For example:

https://example.edu/cas/

All URLs for CAS login, validation, and logout will be built using this address.

CAS

You must ensure that logout is enabled on your CAS server. Typically, this involves adding:

<property name="followServiceRedirects" value="true" />

into the LogoutController bean in your cas-servlet.xml file. Ask your system administrator if you’re unsure about the above.

Attribute release

If your CAS server supports it, this plugin can parse and capture user metadata attributes being released during the CAS ticket validation process. By specifying an identifer for attributes_name in the plugin configuration, attributes released from CAS will be stored into the repoze.who identity within the given environment. Given the way CAS works, you will need to cache or store this information within your application (or use another repoze.who plugin to do it for you), as this data is only associated with a user’s initial CAS request.

A suite of plugins exists for precisely this reason and can be found at https://pypi.python.org/pypi/repoze.who.plugins.metadata_cache

You can always customise your own method of managing this metadata, too. As mentioned, you can find the retrieved attributes within the repoze.who identity within the specific request that triggers the CAS authentication.

Your apps

Nothing is required within your apps, just set them up and configure repoze.who accordingly. You may like to follow the example configuration file as seen in the config_example/ directory. This is what the who.ini configuration file looks like:

# IDENTIFIER
# @param :
# - cas_url : URL to your CAS server. Ensure your URL has a trailing slash.
# - cas_version : Version of your CAS server. Affects how the CAS protocol
#                 is followed.
# - rememberer_name : name of the plugin for remembering (delegate)
# - attributes_name : identifier for where to place CAS-sources metadata
#                     inside the ``repoze.who`` identity.
# - path_toskip : regex for URLs handling authentication to CAS separately
# - path_logout : regex for URLS that should be trigger a logout
#                 WARNING: you must include the path of logout even
#                 it is present within ``path_toskip``.
[plugin:casauth]
use = repoze.who.plugins.cas.main_plugin:make_plugin
cas_url= https://servcas:8443/cas/
cas_version = 3.0
rememberer_name = auth_tkt
attributes_name = attributes
path_toskip = .*/phpbb/.*
path_logout = .*/logout.*
              .*mode=logout.*


# CHALLENGE DECIDER
# @param:
# - path_login : those regexp indicate which url should be redirected for a challenge
#                e.g. : for CAS, will be redirected on a "/cas/login" like url
[plugin:decider]
use = repoze.who.plugins.cas.challenge_decider:make_plugin
path_login =
            .*trac/login.*
            .*/login$


[plugin:auth_tkt]
# identification
use = repoze.who.plugins.auth_tkt:make_plugin
secret = secret
cookie_name = oatmeal
secure = False
include_ip = False

[general]
request_classifier = repoze.who.classifiers:default_request_classifier
remote_user_key = REMOTE_USER
# trick : target the plugin whose name is the same
challenge_decider = decider


[identifiers]
# plugin_name;classifier_name:.. or just plugin_name (good for any)
plugins =
      casauth
      auth_tkt

[authenticators]
# plugin_name;classifier_name.. or just plugin_name (good for any)
plugins =
      casauth


[challengers]
# plugin_name;classifier_name:.. or just plugin_name (good for any)
plugins =
      casauth

Using the above configuration will see the given application receive the remote user’s name as the REMOTE_USER environment variable

To Do

  • More tests: Add additional deployment scenarios for applications

  • Handle Single Sign-Out:

    At this point, this plugin does not handle Single Sign Out. There may be several ways to achieve this:

    • A simple solution may be found by enabling the plugin to execute each callable delivered by webapp whose purpose would be to logout the user from it (e.g: by redirecting the browser on the logout url, or deleting some cookies etc.).
    • Currently, CAS 3 and higher handle SSOut by triggering a POST request to all the web application registered.
  • Genericising the code: At the moment, the plugin relies on a CAS server. However, CAS is simply a specific trusted third party (like Kerberos etc.). So, to avoid redundancy between plugins, abstract away “trusted third party” authentication code and refactory.

Known Issues

  • None at present.

Changes

0.2.2 (2013-04-25)

  • Documentation markup fixes

0.2.0 (2013-04-24)

  • Review davidjb changes, cleanify the buildout infra, travis setup [kiorky]
  • Support obtaining user attributes (metadata) via CAS 2.0 service validation (/serviceValidation) and parsing the XML response. User attributes will be placed into the repoze.who identity using the key attributes_name after the ticket validation process. Due to how CAS works, the data must be either saved or cached by another plugin to allow persistance beyond the request that triggered the ticket validation. See documentation for more info. [davidjb]
  • Support specifying a CAS version. This will control what version of the CAS protocol (http://www.jasig.org/cas/protocol) to use. [davidjb]
  • Precompile regex statements from configuration to avoid needing to recompile during every request. [davidjb]
  • Clean up debug process. Debugging is now possible by configuring the debug plugin keyword. [davidjb]
  • Clean up identification process to remove need for bhp in query string. [davidjb]
  • Switch use of paste HTTPFound for webob, following repoze.who. [davidjb]
  • Add Buildout boostrap and configuration for running tests. [davidjb]
  • Documentation clean up for clarity. [davidjb]
  • Code spring cleaning and documentation expansion. Code now requires Python 2.6 and works towards Python 3 compatibility (not guaranteed at present). [davidjb]

0.1.2 (2012-01-13)

  • Minor additions to example configuration about CAS URL and auth_tkt plugin. [davidjb]

0.1 (2009-07-28)

Initial release.

  • Provides repoze.who plugins (i.e.: challenge, identifier, chalenge decider and auth plugins) for enabling CAS
  • Provides simple unit tests
Release History

Release History

This version
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0.2.2

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0.2.1

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0.2.0

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0.1.2

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0.1.1

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0.1

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