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A GSSAPI authentication handler for python-requests

Project description

requests GSSAPI authentication library

Requests is an HTTP library, written in Python, for human beings. This library adds optional GSSAPI authentication support and supports mutual authentication.

It provides a fully backward-compatible shim for the old python-requests-kerberos library: simply replace import requests_kerberos with import requests_gssapi. A more powerful interface is provided by the HTTPSPNEGOAuth component, but this is of course not guaranteed to be compatible. Documentation below is written toward the new interface.

Basic GET usage:

>>> import requests
>>> from requests_gssapi import HTTPSPNEGOAuth
>>> r = requests.get("", auth=HTTPSPNEGOAuth())

The entire requests.api should be supported.

Authentication Failures

Client authentication failures will be communicated to the caller by returning the 401 response.

Mutual Authentication


By default, HTTPSPNEGOAuth will require mutual authentication from the server, and if a server emits a non-error response which cannot be authenticated, a requests_gssapi.errors.MutualAuthenticationError will be raised. If a server emits an error which cannot be authenticated, it will be returned to the user but with its contents and headers stripped. If the response content is more important than the need for mutual auth on errors, (eg, for certain WinRM calls) the stripping behavior can be suppressed by setting sanitize_mutual_error_response=False:

>>> import requests
>>> from requests_gssapi import HTTPSPNEGOAuth, REQUIRED
>>> gssapi_auth = HTTPSPNEGOAuth(mutual_authentication=REQUIRED, sanitize_mutual_error_response=False)
>>> r = requests.get("", auth=gssapi_auth)


If you’d prefer to not require mutual authentication, you can set your preference when constructing your HTTPSPNEGOAuth object:

>>> import requests
>>> from requests_gssapi import HTTPSPNEGOAuth, OPTIONAL
>>> gssapi_auth = HTTPSPNEGOAuth(mutual_authentication=OPTIONAL)
>>> r = requests.get("", auth=gssapi_auth)

This will cause requests_gssapi to attempt mutual authentication if the server advertises that it supports it, and cause a failure if authentication fails, but not if the server does not support it at all.


While we don’t recommend it, if you’d prefer to never attempt mutual authentication, you can do that as well:

>>> import requests
>>> from requests_gssapi import HTTPSPNEGOAuth, DISABLED
>>> gssapi_auth = HTTPSPNEGOAuth(mutual_authentication=DISABLED)
>>> r = requests.get("", auth=gssapi_auth)

Opportunistic Authentication

HTTPSPNEGOAuth can be forced to preemptively initiate the GSSAPI exchange and present a token on the initial request (and all subsequent). By default, authentication only occurs after a 401 Unauthorized response containing a Negotiate challenge is received from the origin server. This can cause mutual authentication failures for hosts that use a persistent connection (eg, Windows/WinRM), as no GSSAPI challenges are sent after the initial auth handshake. This behavior can be altered by setting opportunistic_auth=True:

>>> import requests
>>> from requests_gssapi import HTTPSPNEGOAuth, REQUIRED
>>> gssapi_auth = HTTPSPNEGOAuth(mutual_authentication=REQUIRED, opportunistic_auth=True)
>>> r = requests.get("", auth=gssapi_auth)

Hostname Override

If communicating with a host whose DNS name doesn’t match its hostname (eg, behind a content switch or load balancer), the hostname used for the GSSAPI exchange can be overridden by passing in a custom name (string or gssapi.Name):

>>> import requests
>>> from requests_gssapi import HTTPSPNEGOAuth, REQUIRED
>>> gssapi_auth = HTTPSPNEGOAuth(target_name="internalhost.local")
>>> r = requests.get("", auth=gssapi_auth)

Explicit Principal

HTTPSPNEGOAuth normally uses the default principal (ie, the user for whom you last ran kinit or kswitch, or an SSO credential if applicable). However, an explicit credential can be in instead, if desired.

>>> import gssapi
>>> import requests
>>> from requests_gssapi import HTTPSPNEGOAuth, REQUIRED
>>> name = gssapi.Name("user@REALM", gssapi.NameType.hostbased_service)
>>> creds = gssapi.Credentials(name=name, usage="initiate")
>>> gssapi_auth = HTTPSPNEGOAuth(creds=creds)
>>> r = requests.get("", auth=gssapi_auth)


requests_gssapi supports credential delegation (GSS_C_DELEG_FLAG). To enable delegation of credentials to a server that requests delegation, pass delegate=True to HTTPSPNEGOAuth:

>>> import requests
>>> from requests_gssapi import HTTPSPNEGOAuth
>>> r = requests.get("", auth=HTTPSPNEGOAuth(delegate=True))

Be careful to only allow delegation to servers you trust as they will be able to impersonate you using the delegated credentials.


This library makes extensive use of Python’s logging facilities.

Log messages are logged to the requests_gssapi and requests_gssapi.gssapi named loggers.

If you are having difficulty we suggest you configure logging. Issues with the underlying GSSAPI libraries will be made apparent. Additionally, copious debug information is made available which may assist in troubleshooting if you increase your log level all the way up to debug.


1.0.1: 2019-04-10

  • Fix example in README

  • Fix license detection for PyPI

  • Fix a problem with regex escaping

  • Add COPR Makefile target

1.0.0: 2017-12-14

  • Fork project to requests-gssapi

  • Replace pykerberos with python-gssapi

  • Add HTTPSPNEGOAuth interface. HTTPKerberosAuth is retained as a shim, but bump the major version anyway for clarity.

0.11.0: 2016-11-02

  • Switch dependency on Windows from kerberos-sspi/pywin32 to WinKerberos. This brings Custom Principal support to Windows users.

0.10.0: 2016-05-18

  • Make it possible to receive errors without having their contents and headers stripped.

  • Resolve a bug caused by passing the principal keyword argument to kerberos-sspi on Windows.

0.9.0: 2016-05-06

  • Support for principal, hostname, and realm override.

  • Added support for mutual auth.

0.8.0: 2016-01-07

  • Support for Kerberos delegation.

  • Fixed problems declaring kerberos-sspi on Windows installs.

0.7.0: 2015-05-04

  • Added Windows native authentication support by adding kerberos-sspi as an alternative backend.

  • Prevent infinite recursion when a server returns 401 to an authorization attempt.

  • Reduce the logging during successful responses.

0.6.1: 2014-11-14

  • Fix HTTPKerberosAuth not to treat non-file as a file

  • Prevent infinite recursion when GSSErrors occurs

0.6: 2014-11-04

  • Handle mutual authentication (see pull request 36)

    All users should upgrade immediately. This has been reported to oss-security and we are awaiting a proper CVE identifier.

    Update: We were issued CVE-2014-8650

  • Distribute as a wheel.

0.5: 2014-05-14

  • Allow non-HTTP service principals with HTTPKerberosAuth using a new optional argument service.

  • Fix bug in on distributions where the compiler module is not available.

  • Add test dependencies to so python test will work.

0.4: 2013-10-26

  • Minor updates in the README

  • Change requirements to depend on requests above 1.1.0

0.3: 2013-06-02

  • Work with servers operating on non-standard ports

0.2: 2013-03-26

  • Not documented

0.1: Never released

  • Initial Release

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