A better way to manage and import dependencies.
A way to manage dependency conflicts.
What Is require.py?
The core of require.py is a hack of the Python import statement. By default, all Python modules are installed at the global, site-packages level. This makes it difficult, and sometimes impossible, to install libraries with conflicting dependency requirements. To a large extent, virtual environments have solved this problem by providing sandboxes in which Python modules can be installed without affecting other virtual environments. Even virtualenvs, however, do not allow a single Python process to load multiple, conflicting versions of a dependency as the same time.
This project provides tools for managing dependencies at a Python package level. This means each Python package (a directory containing an __init__.py) can have a unique version of a dependency that is isolated from the other packages around it.
The import logic, and name for this project, are heavily inspired by the node.js module and import system. The relevant behaviour in node is documented here.
This package exposes a callable named require that can be used to provide the alternate import logic. Alternatively, there are patch_import and unpatch_import available to affect an entire Python process. Here is a scenario to illustrate the import logic. Given the following project structure:
/myproject/__init__.py /myproject/subpackage/__init__.py /myproject/subpackage/subsubpackage/__init__.py
Where the __init__.py of subsubpackage has the following content:
from require import require requests = require('requests')
The custom import logic will first look for a ‘.pymodules’ directory in subsubpackage. If found, it will attempt to import requests from that directory. If not found, it will continue walking the file system upwards until it hits ‘/’. After hitting the root, if no ‘.pymodules’ directories are found the function falls back to the default Python import logic.
Keep using pip. This project includes a helper command called requirepy that can be used to help install dependencies into the right subdirectories. It wraps pip.
Copyright 2014 Kevin Conway Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.
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