Skip to main content
Donate to the Python Software Foundation or Purchase a PyCharm License to Benefit the PSF! Donate Now

Python driver library for the RethinkDB database server.

Project description

# RethinkDB Python driver
[![Build Status](https://travis-ci.org/rethinkdb/rethinkdb-python.svg?branch=master)](https://travis-ci.org/rethinkdb/rethinkdb-python) [![Codacy Badge](https://api.codacy.com/project/badge/Grade/2b5231a6f90a4a1ba2fc795f8466bbe4)](https://www.codacy.com/app/rethinkdb/rethinkdb-python?utm_source=github.com&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=rethinkdb/rethinkdb-python&utm_campaign=Badge_Grade) [![Codacy Badge](https://api.codacy.com/project/badge/Coverage/2b5231a6f90a4a1ba2fc795f8466bbe4)](https://www.codacy.com/app/rethinkdb/rethinkdb-python?utm_source=github.com&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=rethinkdb/rethinkdb-python&utm_campaign=Badge_Coverage)

## Overview

### What is RethinkDB?
RethinkDB is the fork of RethinkDB which is the first open-source scalable database built for realtime applications. It exposes a new database access model -- instead of polling for changes, the developer can tell the database to continuously push updated query results to applications in realtime. RethinkDB allows developers to build scalable realtime apps in a fraction of the time with less effort.

## Installation
```bash
$ pip install rethinkdb
```
*Note: this package is the extracted driver of RethinkDB's original python driver.*

## Quickstart
The main difference with the previous driver (except the name of the package) is we are **not** importing RethinkDB as `r`. If you would like to use `RethinkDB`'s python driver as a drop in replacement, you should do the following:

```python
from rethinkdb import RethinkDB

r = RethinkDB()
connection = r.connect(db='test')
```

## Blocking and Non-blocking I/O
This driver supports blocking I/O (i.e. standard Python sockets) as well as
non-blocking I/O through multiple async frameworks:

* [Asyncio](https://docs.python.org/3/library/asyncio.html)
* [Gevent](http://www.gevent.org/)
* [Tornado](https://www.tornadoweb.org/en/stable/)
* [Trio](https://trio.readthedocs.io/en/latest/)
* [Twisted](https://twistedmatrix.com/trac/)

The following examples demonstrate how to use the driver in each mode.

### Default mode (blocking I/O)
The driver's default mode of operation is to use blocking I/O, i.e. standard Python
sockets. This example shows how to create a table, populate with data, and get every
document.

```python
from rethinkdb import RethinkDB

r = RethinkDB()
connection = r.connect(db='test')

r.table_create('marvel').run(connection)

marvel_heroes = r.table('marvel')
marvel_heroes.insert({
'id': 1,
'name': 'Iron Man',
'first_appearance': 'Tales of Suspense #39'
}).run(connection)

for hero in marvel_heroes.run(connection):
print(hero['name'])
```

### Asyncio mode
Asyncio mode is compatible with Python ≥ 3.4, which is when asyncio was
introduced into the standard library.

```python
import asyncio
from rethinkdb import RethinkDB

# Native coroutines are supported in Python ≥ 3.5. In Python 3.4, you should
# use the @asyncio.couroutine decorator instead of "async def", and "yield from"
# instead of "await".
async def main():
r = RethinkDB()
r.set_loop_type('asyncio')
connection = await r.connect(db='test')

await r.table_create('marvel').run(connection)

marvel_heroes = r.table('marvel')
await marvel_heroes.insert({
'id': 1,
'name': 'Iron Man',
'first_appearance': 'Tales of Suspense #39'
}).run(connection)

# "async for" is supported in Python ≥ 3.6. In earlier versions, you should
# call "await cursor.next()" in a loop.
cursor = await marvel_heroes.run(connection)
async for hero in cursor:
print(hero['name'])

asyncio.get_event_loop().run_until_complete(main())
```

### Gevent mode

```python
import gevent
from rethinkdb import RethinkDB

def main():
r = RethinkDB()
r.set_loop_type('gevent')
connection = r.connect(db='test')

r.table_create('marvel').run(connection)

marvel_heroes = r.table('marvel')
marvel_heroes.insert({
'id': 1,
'name': 'Iron Man',
'first_appearance': 'Tales of Suspense #39'
}).run(connection)

for hero in marvel_heroes.run(connection):
print(hero['name'])

gevent.joinall([gevent.spawn(main)])
```

### Tornado mode
Tornado mode is compatible with Tornado < 5.0.0. Tornado 5 is not supported.

```python
from rethinkdb import RethinkDB
from tornado import gen
from tornado.ioloop import IOLoop

@gen.coroutine
def main():
r = RethinkDB()
r.set_loop_type('tornado')
connection = yield r.connect(db='test')

yield r.table_create('marvel').run(connection)

marvel_heroes = r.table('marvel')
yield marvel_heroes.insert({
'id': 1,
'name': 'Iron Man',
'first_appearance': 'Tales of Suspense #39'
}).run(connection)

cursor = yield marvel_heroes.run(connection)
while (yield cursor.fetch_next()):
hero = yield cursor.next()
print(hero['name'])

IOLoop.current().run_sync(main)
```

### Trio mode

```python
from rethinkdb import RethinkDB
import trio

async def main():
r = RethinkDB()
r.set_loop_type('trio')
async with trio.open_nursery() as nursery:
async with r.open(db='test', nursery=nursery) as conn:
await r.table_create('marvel').run(conn)
marvel_heroes = r.table('marvel')
await marvel_heroes.insert({
'id': 1,
'name': 'Iron Man',
'first_appearance': 'Tales of Suspense #39'
}).run(conn)

# "async for" is supported in Python ≥ 3.6. In earlier versions, you should
# call "await cursor.next()" in a loop.
cursor = await marvel_heroes.run(conn)
async with cursor:
async for hero in cursor:
print(hero['name'])

trio.run(main)
```

The Trio mode also supports a database connection pool. You can modify the example above
as follows:

```python
db_pool = r.ConnectionPool(db='test', nursery=nursery)
async with db_pool.connection() as conn:
...
await db_pool.close()
```

### Twisted mode

```python
from rethinkdb import RethinkDB
from twisted.internet import reactor, defer

@defer.inlineCallbacks
def main():
r = RethinkDB()
r.set_loop_type('twisted')
connection = yield r.connect(db='test')

yield r.table_create('marvel').run(connection)

marvel_heroes = r.table('marvel')
yield marvel_heroes.insert({
'id': 1,
'name': 'Iron Man',
'first_appearance': 'Tales of Suspense #39'
}).run(connection)

cursor = yield marvel_heroes.run(connection)
while (yield cursor.fetch_next()):
hero = yield cursor.next()
print(hero['name'])

main().addCallback(lambda d: print("stopping") or reactor.stop())
reactor.run()
```

## Run tests
In the `Makefile` you can find three different test commands: `test-unit`, `test-integration` and `test-remote`. As RethinkDB has dropped the support of Windows, we would like to ensure that those of us who are using Windows for development can still contribute. Because of this, we support running integration tests against Digital Ocean Droplets as well.

Before you run any test, make sure that you install the requirements.
```bash
$ pip install -r requirements.txt
$ make prepare
```

### Running unit tests
```bash
$ make test-unit
```

### Running integration tests
*To run integration tests locally, make sure you intstalled RethinkDB*
```bash
$ make test-integration
```

### Running remote integration tests
*To run the remote tests, you need to have a Digital Ocean account and an API key.*

Remote test will create a new temporary SSH key and a Droplet for you until the tests are finished.

**Available environment variables**

| Variable name | Default value |
|---------------|---------------|
| DO_TOKEN | N/A |
| DO_SIZE | 512MB |
| DO_REGION | sfo2 |

```bash
$ export DO_TOKEN=<YOUR_TOKEN>
$ make test-remote
```

## New features
Github's Issue tracker is **ONLY** used for reporting bugs. NO NEW FEATURE ACCEPTED! Use [spectrum](https://spectrum.chat/rethinkdb) for supporting features.

## Contributing
Hurray! You reached this section which means, that you would like to contribute. Please read our contributing guide lines and feel free to open a pull request.


Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Filename, size & hash SHA256 hash help File type Python version Upload date
rethinkdb-2.4.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (154.8 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Wheel py2.py3
rethinkdb-2.4.0.tar.gz (136.5 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Source None

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN SignalFx SignalFx Supporter DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page