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reuse is a tool for compliance with the REUSE recommendations.

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The latest version of reuse can be found on PyPI. Information on what versions of Python reuse supports can be found on PyPI. REUSE status standard-readme compliant Packaging status Translation status

reuse is a tool for compliance with the REUSE recommendations.

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Copyright and licensing is difficult, especially when reusing software from different projects that are released under various different licenses. REUSE was started by the Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) to provide a set of recommendations to make licensing your Free Software projects easier. Not only do these recommendations make it easier for you to declare the licenses under which your works are released, but they also make it easier for a computer to understand how your project is licensed.

As a short summary, the recommendations are threefold:

  1. Choose and provide licenses
  2. Add copyright and licensing information to each file
  3. Confirm REUSE compliance

You are recommended to read our tutorial for a step-by-step guide through these three steps. The FAQ covers basic questions about licensing, copyright, and more complex use cases. Advanced users and integrators will find the full specification helpful.

This tool exists to facilitate the developer in complying with the above recommendations.

There are other tools that have a lot more features and functionality surrounding the analysis and inspection of copyright and licenses in software projects. The REUSE helper tool, on the other hand, is solely designed to be a simple tool to assist in compliance with the REUSE recommendations.


Installation via package manager (Recommended)

There are packages available for easy install on many operating systems. You are welcome to help us package this tool for more distributions!

An automatically generated list can be found at, without any guarantee for completeness.

Install and run via pipx (Recommended)

The following one-liner both installs and runs this tool from PyPI via pipx:

pipx run reuse lint

pipx automatically isolates reuse into its own Python virtualenv, which means that it won't interfere with other Python packages, and other Python packages won't interfere with it.

If you want to be able to use reuse without prepending it with pipx run every time, install it globally like so:

pipx install reuse

reuse will then be available in ~/.local/bin, which must be added to your $PATH.

After this, make sure that ~/.local/bin is in your $PATH. On Windows, the required path for your environment may look like %USERPROFILE%\AppData\Roaming\Python\Python39\Scripts, depending on the Python version you have installed.

To upgrade reuse, run this command:

pipx upgrade reuse

For full functionality, the following pieces of software are recommended:

  • Git
  • Mercurial 4.3+
  • Pijul

Installation via pip

To install reuse into ~/.local/bin, run:

pip3 install --user reuse

Subsequently, make sure that ~/.local/bin is in your $PATH like described in the previous section.

To upgrade reuse, run this command:

pip3 install --user --upgrade reuse

Installation from source

You can also install this tool from the source code, but we recommend the methods above for easier and more stable updates. Please make sure the requirements for the installation via pip are present on your machine.

pip install .


First, read the REUSE tutorial. In a nutshell:

  1. Put your licenses in the LICENSES/ directory.
  2. Add a comment header to each file that says SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0-or-later, and SPDX-FileCopyrightText: $YEAR $NAME. You can be flexible with the format, just make sure that the line starts with SPDX-FileCopyrightText:.
  3. Verify your work using this tool.

Example of header:

# SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2017 Free Software Foundation Europe e.V. <>
# SPDX-License-Identifier: CC-BY-SA-4.0


To check against the recommendations, use reuse lint:

~/Projects/reuse-tool $ reuse lint

Congratulations! Your project is compliant with version 3.2 of the REUSE Specification :-)

This tool can do various more things, detailed in the documentation. Here a short summary:

  • annotate --- Add copyright and/or licensing information to the header of a file.
  • download --- Download the specified license into the LICENSES/ directory.
  • init --- Set up the project for REUSE compliance.
  • lint --- Verify the project for REUSE compliance.
  • spdx --- Generate an SPDX Document of all files in the project.
  • supported-licenses --- Prints all licenses supported by REUSE.

Example demo

In this screencast, we are going to follow the tutorial, making the REUSE example repository compliant.

Demo of some basic REUSE tool commands

Run in Docker

The fsfe/reuse Docker image is available on Docker Hub. With it, you can easily include REUSE in CI/CD processes. This way, you can check for REUSE compliance for each build. In our resources for developers you can learn how to integrate the REUSE tool in Drone, Travis, GitHub, or GitLab CI.

You can run the helper tool simply by providing the command you want to run (e.g., lint, spdx). The image's working directory is /data by default. So if you want to lint a project that is in your current working directory, you can mount it on the container's /data directory, and tell the tool to lint. That looks a little like this:

docker run --rm --volume $(pwd):/data fsfe/reuse lint

You can also provide additional arguments, like so:

docker run --rm --volume $(pwd):/data fsfe/reuse --include-submodules spdx -o out.spdx

The available tags are:

  • latest --- the most recent release of reuse.
  • {major} --- the latest major release.
  • {major}.{minor} --- the latest minor release.
  • {major}.{minor}.{patch} --- a precise release.

You can add -debian to any of the tags to get a Debian-based instead of an Alpine-based image, which is larger, but may be better suited for license compliance.

Run as pre-commit hook

You can automatically run reuse lint on every commit as a pre-commit hook for Git. This uses pre-commit. Once you have it installed, add this to the .pre-commit-config.yaml in your repository:

  - repo:
    rev: v3.0.2
      - id: reuse

Then run pre-commit install. Now, every time you commit, reuse lint is run in the background, and will prevent your commit from going through if there was an error.


Former maintainers


If you're interested in contributing to the reuse project, there are several ways to get involved. Development of the project takes place on GitHub at There, you can submit bug reports, feature requests, and pull requests. Even and especially when in doubt, feel free to open an issue with a question. Contributions of all types are welcome, and the development team is happy to provide guidance and support for new contributors.

You should exercise some caution when opening a pull request to make changes which were not (yet) acknowledged by the team as pertinent. Such pull requests may be closed, leading to disappointment. To avoid this, please open an issue first.

Additionally, the mailing list is available for discussion and support related to the project.

You can find the full contribution guidelines at


This work is licensed under multiple licences. Because keeping this section up-to-date is challenging, here is a brief summary as of April 2024:

  • All original source code is licensed under GPL-3.0-or-later.
  • All documentation is licensed under CC-BY-SA-4.0.
  • Some configuration and data files are licensed under CC0-1.0.
  • Some code borrowed from spdx/tools-python is licensed under Apache-2.0.

For more accurate information, check the individual files.

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