Role based development
Library for Role based development.
Pythonic implementation of the DCI (Data Context Interaction) pattern (http://www.artima.com/articles/dci_vision.html).
The difference with mixins is that this role is applied only to the subject instance, not to the subject class (alas, a new class is constructed).
Roles can be assigned and revoked. Multiple roles can be applied to an instance. Revocation can happen in any particular order.
As a basic example, consider a domain class:
>>> class Person(object): ... def __init__(self, name): ... self.name = name >>> person = Person("John")
The instance should participate in a collaboration in which it fulfills a particular role:
>>> from roles import RoleType >>> class Carpenter(object): ... __metaclass__ = RoleType ... def chop(self): ... return "chop, chop"
Assign the role to the person:
>>> Carpenter(person) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS <Person+Carpenter object at 0x...> >>> person # doctest: +ELLIPSIS <Person+Carpenter object at 0x...>
The person is still a Person:
>>> isinstance(person, Person) True
… and can do carpenter things:
>>> person.chop() 'chop, chop'
See roles.py for more examples.
In most cases instances will require specific implementations of a certain role. This can be done by decorating the specific role implementations with the assignto() decorator.
>>> from roles import assignto >>> @assignto(Person) ... class Biker(object): ... __metaclass__ = RoleType ... def bike(self): ... return 'cycle, cycle'
>>> Biker(person) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS <Person+Carpenter+Biker object at 0x...>
Assigning to a different class instance doesn’t work:
>>> class Cat(object): ... pass >>> Biker(Cat()) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS Traceback (most recent call last): ... NoRoleException: No role found for <class 'Cat'>
Releases can be found on:
Module works for Python 2.6 as well as Python 3.x. Doctests still run under 2.6.
Note that conversion of doctests is trivial with:
$ 2to3 -d -w roles.py
Added psyco_optimize() for optimizing code with psyco.
Initial release: roles.py
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