run with this
RWT (Run With This) provides on-demand dependency resolution, making packages available for the duration of an interpreter session.
- Allows declaration of dependencies at runtime.
- Downloads missing dependencies and makes their packages available for import.
- Installs packages to a special staging location such that they’re not installed after the process exits.
- Relies on pip to cache downloads of such packages for reuse.
- Supersedes installed packages when required.
- Relies on packages already satisfied .
- Re-uses the pip tool chain for package installation.
RWT is not intended to solve production dependency management, but does aim to address the other, one-off scenarios around dependency management:
- build setup
- test runners
- just in time script running
- interactive development
RWT is a compliment to Pip and Virtualenv and Setuptools, intended to more readily address the on-demand needs and supersede some features like setup_requires.
|||Except when a requirements file is used.|
- as script launcher
- as runtime dependency context manager
- as interactive interpreter in dependency context
- as module launcher (akin to python -m)
Invoke rwt from the command-line using the console entry script (simply rwt) or using the module executable ( python -m rwt).
Parameters following rwt are passed directly to pip install, so rwt numpy will install numpy (reporting any work done during the install) and rwt -q -r requirements.txt will quietly install all the requirements listed in a file called requirements.txt.
Following the parameters to pip install, one may optionally include a -- after which any parameters will be passed to a Python interpreter in the context.
The examples folder in this project includes some examples demonstrating the power and usefulness of the project. Read the docs on those examples for instructions.
In many of these examples, the option -q is passed to rwt to suppress the output from pip.
RWT also offers a painless way to run a Python interactive interpreter in the context of certain dependencies:
$ /clean-install/python -m rwt -q boto >>> import boto >>>
Note that everything after the – is passed to the python invocation, so it’s possible to have a one-liner that runs under a dependency context:
$ python -m rwt -q requests -- -c "import requests; print(requests.get('https://pypi.org/project/rwt').status_code)" 200
Let’s say you have a script that has a one-off purpose. It’s either not part of a library, where dependencies are normally declared, or it is normally executed outside the context of that library. Still, that script probably has dependencies, say on requests. Here’s how you can use rwt to declare the dependencies and launch the script in a context where those dependencies have been resolved.
First, add a __requires__ directive at the head of the script:
#!/usr/bin/env python __requires__ = ['requests'] import requests req = requests.get('https://pypi.org/project/rwt') print(req.status_code)
Then, simply invoke that script with rwt:
$ python -m rwt -q -- myscript.py 200
The format for requirements must follow PEP 508.
Note that URLs specifiers are not supported by pip, but rwt supports a global __dependency_links__ attribute which can be used, for example, to install requirement from a project VCS URL:
#!/usr/bin/env python __requires__ = ['foo==0.42'] __dependency_links__ = ['git+ssh://firstname.lastname@example.org/repo.git#egg=foo-0.42'] [...]
rwt also recognizes a global __index_url__ attribute. If present, this value will supply --index-url to pip with the attribute value, allowing a script to specify a custom package index:
#!/usr/bin/env python __requires__ = ['my_private_package'] __index_url__ = 'https://my.private.index/' import my_private_package ...
Following the script example, you can make your setup.py file compatible with rwt by declaring your depenedencies in the __requires__ directive:
#!/usr/bin/env python __requires__ = ['setuptools', 'setuptools_scm'] import setuptools setuptools.setup( ... setup_requires=__requires__, )
When invoked with rwt, the dependencies will be assured before the script is run, or if run with setuptools, the dependencies will be loaded using the older technique, so the script is backward compatible.
Although this example is included for completeness, because the technique is somewhat clumsy, the author currently recommends using tox for running tests except in extremely lean environments.
You can also replace tests_require. Consider a package that runs tests using setup.py test and relies on the tests_require directive to resolve dependencies needed during testing. Simply declare your dependencies in a separate file, e.g. “tests/requirements.txt”:
cat > tests/requiremenst.txt pytest
For compatibility, expose those same requirements as tests_require in setup.py:
with io.open('tests/requirements.txt') as tr: tests_require = [ line.rstrip() for line in tr if re.match('\w+', line) ] setuptools.setup( ... tests_require=tests_require, )
Then invoke tests with rwt:
$ python -m rwt -r tests/requirements.txt -- setup.py test
While still supporting the old technique:
$ python setup.py test
Supplying parameters to Pip
If you’ve been using rwt, you may have defined some requirements in the __requires__ of a script, but now you wish to install those to a more permanent environment. rwt provides a routine to facilitate this case:
$ python -m rwt.read-deps script.py my_dependency
If you’re on Unix, you may pipe this result directly to pip:
$ pip install $(python -m rwt.read-deps script.py)
And since pipenv uses the same syntax, the same technique works for pipenv:
$ pipenv install $(python -m rwt.read-deps script.py)
How Does It Work
RWT effectively does the following:
- pip install -t $TMPDIR
- PYTHONPATH=$TMPDIR python
For specifics, see rwt.run().
The author created this package with the intention of demonstrating the capability before integrating it directly with pip in a command such as pip run. After proposing the change, the idea was largely rejected in pip 3971.
If you would like to see this functionality made available in pip, please upvote or comment in that ticket.
RWT uses semver, so you can use this library with confidence about the stability of the interface, even during periods of great flux.
Invoke tests with tox.
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