An example of a basic sage package
This package is designed as a simple SageMath package example to serve as a good practice reference for package developers. We follow python recommendations and adapt them to the SageMath community. You can find more advanced documentation on python package creation on How To Package Your Python Code.
This is still a work in progress. Once this example will have stabilized, the plan is to make a cookie cutter template out of it.
Try the demo on binder
Local install from source
Download the source from the git repository:
$ git clone https://github.com/sagemath/sage_sample.git
Change to the root directory and run:
$ sage -pip install --upgrade --no-index -v .
For convenience this package contains a makefile with this and other often used commands. Should you wish too, you can use the shorthand:
$ make install
Install from PyPI
sage_sample is distributed on PyPI. You can install it with the command:
$ sage -pip install sage_sample
To distribute your own package on PyPI, you will need an account on pypi.org (maybe at first on test.pypi.org)
You also need to install setuptools, wheel and twine:
$ sage -pip install –upgrade setuptools wheel twine
Make the package:
$ python setup.py sdist bdist_wheel
Upload and test the package to the test PyPI repository:
$ twine upload –repository-url https://test.pypi.org/legacy/ dist/* $ sage -pip install -i https://test.pypi.org/simple sage_sample
And later, upload your distribution to the real PyPI [optionally sign it with GPG]:
$ twine upload [-s] dist/*
Once the package is installed, you can use it in Sage with:
sage: from sage_sample import answer_to_ultimate_question sage: answer_to_ultimate_question() 42
See also the demo notebook.
All packaging setup is done through setup.py. To create your own package follow the strcuture of the file and change the parameters accordingly.
All source code is stored in the folder sage_sample using the same name as the package. This is not mandatory but highly recommended for clarity. All source folder must contain a __init__.py file with needed includes.
This package is configured for tests written in the documentation strings, also known as doctests. For examples, see this source file. See also SageMath’s coding conventions and best practices document. With additional configuration, it would be possible to include unit tests as well.
Once the package is installed, one can use the SageMath test system configured in setup.py to run the tests:
$ sage setup.py test
This is just calling sage -t with appropriate flags.
$ make test
The documentation of the package can be generated using Sage’s Sphinx installation:
$ cd docs $ sage -sh -c "make html"
$ make doc
For this to work on your own package, make sure you follow the same structure as we do here:
- Create a docs folder containing the exact same Makefile and a source folder.
- Copy and paste the docs/source/conf.py file from this package and update the few project specific variables at the beginning of the file.
- Create an index.rst file as well as a <module name>.rst file for each module you want on the documentation.
Travis CI integration
Scripts that run make test on various SageMath versions on the Travis CI system are included. https://docs.travis-ci.com/user/for-beginners explains how to enable automatic Travis CI builds for your GitHub-hosted project.
The scripts download and install binary releases (7.1-7.4) from a SageMath mirror. Edit .travis-install.sh if some optional or experimental SageMath packages need to be installed prior to running your package. Edit .travis.yml to change the list of SageMath versions used.
Automatically deploying documentation to GitHub pages using Travis CI
First do the steps described above to enable Travis CI integration of your GitHub-hosted project.
If you don’t already have GitHub pages for your project: Create and checkout a branch gh-pages in your repository and put an empty file .nojekyll in it (see https://help.github.com/articles/files-that-start-with-an-underscore-are-missing/). Then commit it and push it to GitHub:
$ git clone --single-branch --depth 1 https://github.com/USER/PROJECT.git gh-pages $ cd gh-pages $ git checkout --orphan gh-pages $ git rm -rf . $ touch .nojekyll $ git add .nojekyll $ git commit -m "Initial commit" $ git push -u origin gh-pages $ cd ..
(Back in your working copy:) Generate a new ssh key pair with an empty passphrase:
$ ssh-keygen -t dsa -f .travis_ci_gh_pages_deploy_key
Add the public ssh key (contents of the file .travis_ci_gh_pages_deploy_key.pub) to your GitHub repository as a deploy key (Settings/Deploy keys/Add deploy key). Title: Key for deploying documentation to GitHub pages. Check Allow write access.
Install the Travis CI command-line client from https://github.com/travis-ci/travis.rb:
$ gem install travis
Log in to Travis CI using your GitHub credentials:
$ travis login
Encrypt the private ssh key, add the decryption keys as secure environment variables to Travis CI, and add code to .travis.yml to decrypt it:
$ travis encrypt-file .travis_ci_gh_pages_deploy_key --add before_script
Add the encrypted private ssh key to the repository:
$ git add .travis_ci_gh_pages_deploy_key.enc
Have git ignore the other keys (and the gh-pages directory):
$ echo >> .gitignore $ echo "/.travis_ci_gh_pages_deploy_key" >> .gitignore $ echo "/.travis_ci_gh_pages_deploy_key.pub" >> .gitignore $ echo "/gh-pages" >> .gitignore $ git add .gitignore
Optionally, edit .travis.yml to adjust variables DEPLOY_DOC_...
Commit all changes to GitHub. The Travis CI build should then run automatically and deploy it:
$ git add .travis.yml $ git commit -m "Deploy built documentation to GitHub" $ git push
The deployed documentation will be available at: https://USER.github.io/PROJECT/ This can be customized by changing DEPLOY_DOC_TO_DIRECTORY=/ to another directory in .travis.yml For example, setting DEPLOY_DOC_TO_DIRECTORY=doc/html will make the deployed documentation available at: https://USER.github.io/PROJECT/doc/html/
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