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Saiorm is a simple ORM.

Project description

Saiorm is a simple library for accessing database. It will take you have a very easy way to use SQL database.

Method:

  • Method insert, select, update, delete, execute, executemany, increase, decrease should be executed finally,they will take effect immediately.
  • Method last_sql return the latest executed sql.
  • Method get_fields_name get a list of all fields name, cache them by default.
  • Method where could be dict or str type. IN require a string or a sequence with str type.
  • Method select and get return data only.
  • Method update, delete, execute return a dict,including lastrowid, rowcount, rownumber, sql.
  • Various method join,should use string param for method join and method where.

ATTENTION

1. Saiorm does not convert value type in condition(limit,order_by,group_by, various join etc.),method where not convert value type in native functions and IN. If you want to use the values passed from user,you must check them, because it’s easily to triggering injection vulnerability.

  1. Saiorm require python3 and pymysql.

3. Support MySQL only,you can inherit from saiorm.base.BaseDB to support other types of database with the same API,like siaorm.MySQL.ChainDB.

  1. You can add “`” as a prefix to set the field to native function in method select and update.

Initialization

import saiorm

DB = saiorm.init()  # with no table name prefix
# DB = saiorm.init(table_name_prefix="abc_") # with table name prefix
DB.connect({"host": "", "port": 3306, "database": "", "user": "", "password": ""})
table = DB.table("xxx")

Usage for calling mysql function only

DB.select("`NOW()")
DB.select("`SUM(1+2)")

will transform to SQL

SELECT NOW();
SELECT SUM(1+2);

Usage for select and get

  1. select will return all data

2. get will modify _limit attribute automatically,then return the latest line only. If you call get method, limit method will be overwrited

  1. select and get receive a fields param.
# select all fields
table.select()

# get the latest line
table.order_by("id DESC").get()

# kinds of params in where
    table.where({
    "a": 1,
    "b": ("BETWEEN", "1", "2"),
    "c": ("`ABS(?)", "2"),
    "d": ("!=", 0),
    "e": ("IN", "1,2,3"),
    "f": "`NOW()",
}).select("e,f")

will transform to SQL

SELECT * FROM xxx ;
SELECT * FROM xxx  ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 1;
SELECT e,f FROM xxx WHERE a=1 AND b BETWEEN '1' AND '2' AND c=ABS(2) AND d!=0 AND e IN (1,2,3) AND f=NOW() ;

Usage for update

If you want use native function,you can pass a tuple.

table.where({
    "a": ("IN", ["1", "2", "3"]),
    "b": ("`ABS(?)", "2"),
}).update({
    "c": "`ABS(2)",
    "d": ("`ABS(?)", 3),
    "e": "2",
})

will transform to SQL

UPDATE xxx SET c=ABS(2),d=ABS(3),e='2' WHERE a IN (1,2,3) AND b=ABS(2) ;

Usage for insert

insert function support two kinds of data

# use natural dict
table.insert({
    "a": "1",
    "b": "2",
})

# use split dict
table.insert({
    "fields": ["a", "b"],
    "values": ["1", "2"],
})

# use natural dict in list, SQL will in one line
table.insert_many([{
    "a": "1",
    "b": "2",
}, {
    "a": "3",
    "b": "4",
}, {
    "a": "5",
    "b": "6",
}])

# use split dict in list, SQL will in one line
table.insert_many({
    "fields": ["a", "b"],
    "values": [
        ["1", "2"],
        ["3", "4"],
        ["5", "6"]
    ]
})

will transform to SQL

INSERT INTO xxx (a,b) VALUES ('1','2');
INSERT INTO xxx (a,b) VALUES ('1','2');
INSERT INTO xxx (a,b) VALUES ('1','2'),('3','4'),('5','6');
INSERT INTO xxx (a,b) VALUES ('1','2'),('3','4'),('5','6');

If use split dict,key fields is not necessary,it will insert by the order of table struct.

Usage for delete

By default, delete must have where condition,or you can pass strict=False when initialization.

table.where({
    "a": "1",
    "b": "2",
    "c": ("`ABS(?)", "2"),
}).delete()

table.delete()  # will not be executed, or set strict=False when initialization

will transform to SQL

DELETE FROM xxx WHERE a='1' AND b='2' AND c=ABS(2) ;
DELETE FROM xxx ;

Usage for increase

Numerical field increase

table.increase("a", 1)

will transform to SQL

UPDATE xxx SET a=a+1

Usage for decrease

Numerical field decrease

table.decrease("a", 1)

will transform to SQL

UPDATE xxx SET a=a-1

where condition

table.where({
    "a": 1,
    "b": ("BETWEEN", "1", "2"),
    "c": ("ABS(?)", "2"),
    "d": ("!=", 0),
    "e": ("IN", "1,2,3"),
    "f": "NOW()",
}).select("e,f")
  • must check param to prevent injection vulnerabilities.
  • when calling native mysql function the param placeholder could be ?.
  • condition will be equals to value,or pass a tuple or list, and set the first item to change it.
  • use IN or BETWEEN should pass a tuple or list.
  • pass string type is allowed,you should join param into this string.

Method Shorthand

t equals to table
w equals to where
ob equals to order_by
l equals to limit
gb equals to group_by
j equals to join
ij equals to inner_join
lj equals to left_join
rj equals to right_join
s equals to select
i equals to insert
im equals to insert_many
u equals to update
d equals to delete
inc equals to increase
dec equals to decrease

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