CLI generation and plotting of random variables
In addition to the standard range function, we support infinite generators
- exponential(lambd): lambd is 1.0 divided by the desired mean.
- uniform(a, b): Get a random number in the range [a, b) or [a, b] depending on rounding.
- gauss(mu, sigma): mu is the mean, and sigma is the standard deviation.
- normal(mu, sigma): as above
- lognormal(mu, sigma): as above
- triangular(low, high): Continuous distribution bounded by given lower and upper limits, and having a given mode value in-between.
- beta(alpha, beta): Conditions on the parameters are alpha > 0 and beta > 0. Returned values range between 0 and 1.
- gamma(alpha, beta): as above
- weibull(alpha, beta): alpha is the scale parameter and beta is the shape parameter.
- pareto(alpha): Pareto distribution. alpha is the shape parameter.
- vonmises(mu, kappa): mu is the mean angle, expressed in radians between 0 and 2*pi, and kappa is the concentration parameter, which must be greater than or equal to zero. If kappa is equal to zero, this distribution reduces to a uniform random angle over the range 0 to 2*pi.
We have a special infinite generator (filter) that works on finite generators:
whose behaviour is explained below.
Finally, we have a generator
that reads from stdin.
## A warning about infinity
All generators are infinite generators, and must be sampled with sample(n) before consuming!
## Usage and installation
Install with `bash pip install git+https://github.com/pgdr/samplitude ` or simply (not possible, though) `bash pip install samplitude `
This is pure Jinja2: `bash >>> samplitude "range(5) | list" [0, 1, 2, 3, 4] `
However, to get a more UNIXy output, we use cli instead of list:
`bash >>> samplitude "range(5) | cli" 0 1 2 3 4 `
To limit the output, we use sample(n):
`bash >>> samplitude "range(1000) | sample(5) | cli" 0 1 2 3 4 `
That isn’t very helpful on the range generator, but is much more helpful on an infinite generator, such as the uniform generator:
`bash >>> samplitude "uniform(0, 5) | sample(5) | cli" 3.3900198868059235 1.2002767137709318 0.40999391897569126 1.9394585953696264 4.37327472704115 `
We can round the output in case we don’t need as many digits (note that round is a generator as well and can be placed on either side of sample): `bash >>> samplitude "uniform(0, 5) | round(2) | sample(5) | cli" 4.58 4.33 1.87 2.09 4.8 `
### Selection and modifications
The samplitude behavior is equivalent to the head program, or from languages such as Haskell. The head alias is supported: `bash >>> samplitude "uniform(0, 5) | round(2) | head(5) | cli" 4.58 4.33 1.87 2.09 4.8 `
drop is also available: `bash >>> samplitude "uniform(0, 5) | round(2) | drop(2) | head(3) | cli" 1.87 2.09 4.8 `
To shift and scale distributions, we can use the shift(s) and scale(s) filters. To get a Poisson point process starting at 15, we can run
`bash >>> samplitude "poisson(0.3) | shift(15)" # equivalent to exponential(0.3)... `
### Choices and other operations
Using choice with a finite generator gives an infinite generator that chooses from the provided generator:
`bash >>> samplitude "range(0, 11, 2) | choice | sample(6) | cli" 8 0 8 10 4 6 `
Jinja2 supports more generic lists, e.g., lists of string. Hence, we can write
`bash >>> samplitude "['win', 'draw', 'loss'] | choice | sample(6) | sort | cli" draw draw draw loss win win `
… and as in Python, strings are also iterable:
`bash >>> samplitude "'HT' | cli" H T ` … so we can flip six coins with `bash >>> samplitude "'HT' | choice | sample(6) | cli" H T T H H H `
We can flip 100 coins and count the output with counter (which is collections.Counter) `bash >>> samplitude "'HT' | choice | sample(100) | counter | cli" H 47 T 53 `
The sort functionality does not work as expected on a Counter object (a dict type), so if we want the output sorted, we pipe through sort from _coreutils_:
`bash >>> samplitude "range(1,7) | choice | sample(100) | counter | cli" | sort -n 1 24 2 17 3 18 4 16 5 14 6 11 `
Using stdin() as a generator, we can pipe into samplitude. Beware that stdin() flushes the input, hence stdin (currently) does not work with infinite input streams.
`bash >>> ls | samplitude "stdin() | choice | sample(1) | cli" some_file `
Then, if we ever wanted to shuffle ls we can run
`bash >>> ls | samplitude "stdin() | shuffle | cli" some_file `
`bash >>> cat FILE | samplitude "stdin() | cli" # NOOP; cats FILE `
### The fun powder plot
For fun, if you have installed matplotlib, we support plotting, hist being the most useful.
`bash >>> samplitude "normal(100, 5) | sample(1000) | hist" `
An exponential distribution can be plotted with exponential(lamba). Note that the cli output must be the last filter in the chain, as that is a command-line utility only:
`bash >>> samplitude "normal(100, 5) | sample(1000) | hist | cli" `
To repress output after plotting, you can use the gobble filter to empty the pipe:
`bash >>> samplitude "normal(100, 5) | sample(1000) | hist | gobble" `
Home-page: https://github.com/pgdr/samplitude Author: PG Drange Author-email: email@example.com Maintainer: PG Drange <firstname.lastname@example.org> License: GNU GPL v3 or later Project-URL: Bug Tracker, https://github.com/pgdr/samplitude/issues Project-URL: Documentation, https://github.com/pgdr/samplitude/blob/master/README.md Project-URL: Source Code, https://github.com/pgdr/samplitude Description: UNKNOWN Keywords: jinja2 jinja random statistics sample distribution plot Platform: UNKNOWN
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