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scheduled tasks for Python 3

Project description

Released under MIT license

Description

This package provides functionality to work with scheduled tasks (cron-like) in Python. The main intention is to let you use planned scheduled tasks in lazy environments, such as web server, by providing functions to check previous and next execution time of the task (get_previous_time and get_next_time).

This package doesn't parse cron string and is not fully compatible with cron. It currently doesn't support last day of month and last weekday functionality, however it supports providing the day of week number (#) or providing a week number. Rules can be provided in a form of list of integers, range object (start, stop, and step will be used), or None.

Installation

pip install scheduled_task

Quick start

Task that executes twice a day: at 00:00 and 00:30, get next execution time

from shceduled_task import ScheduledTask

task = ScheduledTask(minutes=[0, 30], hours=[0], days=None, months=None, years=None)
print(task.get_next_time())

Task that executes every 1st day of Month

from shceduled_task import ScheduledTask
from datetime import datetime

task = ScheduledTask(minutes=[0], hours=[0], days=[1], months=None, years=None)
print(task.get_previous_time(current_datetime=datetime(2016, 11, 19))  
# Prints datetime(2016, 12, 1, 0, 0))

More complex example:

Get next and previous USA presidential election day by getting the next day after first monday of November every 4rth year

from scheduled_task import ScheduledTask

task = ScheduledTask(minutes=[0], hours=[0], days_of_week=[0], days_of_week_num=[0], months=[11], 
                     years=range(1848, 9999, 4))
print(task.get_next_time() + timedelta(days=1))
print(task.get_previous_time() + timedelta(days=1))

Rules

Rule types

When creating a ScheduledTask object, you can provide rules of when this task must be executed. Every rule can be of 3 types:

  • list: List of values. List can contain 1 value.
  • range: Range of values, might contain valid step. For example, day=range(2, 31, 2) means "every even day of month".
  • None: None means every valid value (* in cron).

Rule fields

Field Value Strategies Description
minutes 0-59 * Minutes
hours 0-23 * Hours
days 1-31 days_of_month Days
days_of_week 0-6 days_of_week, days_of_week_num Days of week - Monday to Sunday
days_of_week_num 0-4 days_of_week_num Number of day of week. For example, 0 and Friday means every 1st Friday of a month
weeks 0-5 days_of_week Week number. 0 and Friday means every Friday that happens in the first week of a month
months 1-12 * Months
years 0-9999 * Years

Strategies

When creating a ScheduledTask, not all fields are compatible with each other. Generally, there are 3 strategies that will be used:

  • days_of_month - default strategy. Used if days rule is provided and non of week-related rules are provided.
  • days_of_week - this strategy is chosen when days_of_week and/or weeks rules are provided. If that strategy is chosen, days or days_of_week_num rules are ignored.
  • days_of_week_num - this strategy is chosen when days_of_week and days_of_week_num rules are provided. This is used to set up rules like "2nd Monday of July".

Providing current time

When calling get_previous_time or get_next_time, you can provide current_datetime to check against. If no current datetime is provided, datetime.utcnow() will be used. current_datetime doesn't have to be in UTC-format. This library is timezone-agnostic and will return result using the same timezone as current_datetime.

Contributing

If you find a bug in the library, please feel free to contribute by opening an issue or creating a pull request.

Project details


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