Skip to main content

Simple access to Google Scholar authors and citations

Project description

scholarly is a module that allows you to retrieve author and publication information from Google Scholar in a friendly, Pythonic way.


Because scholarly does not use an official API, no key is required. Simply:

import scholarly

print(next(scholarly.search_author('Steven A. Cholewiak')))


  • search_author – Search for an author by name and return a generator of Author objects.
>>> search_query = scholarly.search_author('Manish Singh, Rutgers')
>>> print(next(search_query))
{'_filled': False,
 'affiliation': 'Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ',
 'citedby': 2906,
 'email': '',
 'id': '9XRvM88AAAAJ',
 'interests': ['Human perception', 'Computational Vision', 'Cognitive Science'],
 'name': 'Manish Singh',
 'url_picture': '/citations/images/avatar_scholar_150.jpg'}
  • search_keyword – Search by keyword and return a generator of Author objects.
>>> search_query = scholarly.search_keyword('Haptics')
>>> print(next(search_query))
{'_filled': False,
 'affiliation': 'Stanford University',
 'citedby': 22427,
 'email': '',
 'id': '4arkOLcAAAAJ',
 'interests': ['Robotics', 'Haptics', 'Human Motion'],
 'name': 'Oussama Khatib',
 'url_picture': '/citations/images/avatar_scholar_150.jpg'}
  • search_pubs_query – Search for articles/publications and return generator of Publication objects.
>>> search_query = scholarly.search_pubs_query('Perception of physical stability and center of mass of 3D objects')
>>> print(next(search_query))
{'_filled': False,
 'bib': {'abstract': 'Humans can judge from vision alone whether an object is '
                     'physically stable or not. Such judgments allow observers '
                     'to predict the physical behavior of objects, and hence '
                     'to guide their motor actions. We investigated the visual '
                     'estimation of physical stability of 3-D  ...',
         'author': 'SA Cholewiak and RW Fleming and M Singh',
         'eprint': '',
         'title': 'Perception of physical stability and center of mass of 3-D '
         'url': ''},
 'citedby': 7,
 'id_scholarcitedby': '15736880631888070187',
 'source': 'scholar',
 'url_scholarbib': ''}


Here’s a quick example demonstrating how to retrieve an author’s profile then retrieve the titles of the papers that cite his most popular (cited) paper.

>>> # Retrieve the author's data, fill-in, and print
>>> search_query = scholarly.search_author('Steven A Cholewiak')
>>> author = next(search_query).fill()
>>> print(author)

>>> # Print the titles of the author's publications
>>> print([pub.bib['title'] for pub in author.publications])

>>> # Take a closer look at the first publication
>>> pub = author.publications[0].fill()
>>> print(pub)

>>> # Which papers cited that publication?
>>> print([citation.bib['title'] for citation in pub.get_citedby()])


Use pip to install from pypi:

pip install scholarly

or pip to install from github:

pip install git+

or clone the package using git:

git clone


Requires arrow, Beautiful Soup, bibtexparser, and requests[security].


Note that because of the nature of web scraping, this project will be in perpetual alpha.


  • Minor fixes to get core running again. Needs more tests. Captcha handling not currently operational.


  • Renamed Publication function citedby() to get_citedby(). New Publication attribute citedby, which just gives the number of citations an article has. Also updated


  • Python 2/3 compatibility. No longer using datetime-util and moved the datetime operations to arrow. Now using wheel format.


  • Exactly the same as v0.1.5, but had to bump the version because of a version mistakenly pushed to pypi that had a bad tarball url.


  • Moved over to requests. When Google requests a CAPTCHA, print a URL to the image (rehosted on, and have the user confirm that this is being run interactively. Also explicitly request the ‘html.parser’ for BeautifulSoup. Includes a few small updates to tests to account for updated citation contents and updates to the README. And finally, the pypi install should also now include requests[security].


  • Raise an exception when we receive a Bot Check. Reorganized alphabetically and updated its test cases. Reorganized README. Added python-dateutil as installation requirement, for some reason it was accidentally omitted.


  • Now request HTTPS connection rather than HTTP and update to account for a new “Zucker”. Also added information for the v0.1.1 revision.


  • Fixed an issue with multi-page Author results, author entries with no citations (which are rare, but do occur), and added some tests using unittest.


  • Initial release.


The original code that this project was forked from was released by Bello Chalmers under a WTFPL license. In keeping with this mentality, all code is released under the Unlicense.

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Filename, size & hash SHA256 hash help File type Python version Upload date
scholarly-0.2.2-py2.py3-none-any.whl (11.2 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Wheel py2.py3
scholarly-0.2.2.tar.gz (8.0 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Source None

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN SignalFx SignalFx Supporter DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page