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Small tools for SDSS products

Project description

sdsstools

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sdsstools provides several common tools for logging, configuration handling, version parsing, packaging, etc. It's main purpose is to consolidate some of the utilities originally found in the python_template, allowing them to become dependencies that can be updated.

This is not intended to be a catch-all repository for astronomical tools. sdsstools itself aims to have minimal dependencies (i.e., mainly the Python standard library and setuptools).

Using sdsstools

To use sdsstools simply install it with

pip install sdsstools

Most likely, you'll want to include sdsstools as a dependency for your library. To do so, either add to your setup.cfg

[options]
install_requires =
    sdsstools>=0.1.0

(this is equivalent of passing install_requires=['sdsstools>=0.1.0'] to setuptools.setup), or if you are using poetry run poetry add sdsstools, which should add this line to your pyproject.toml

[tool.poetry.dependencies]
sdsstools = { version="^0.1.0" }

Logging

sdsstools includes the sdsstools.logger.SDSSLogger class, which provides a wrapper around the standard Python logging module. SDSSLoger provides the following features:

  • A console handler (accessible via the .sh attribute) with nice colouring.
  • Automatic capture of warnings and exceptions, which are formatted and redirected to the logger. For the console handler, this means that once the logger has been created, all warnings and exceptions are output normally but are clearer and more aesthetic.
  • A TimedRotatingFileHandler (accessible via the .fh attribute) that rotates at midnight UT, with good formatting.

To get a new logger for your application, simply do

from sdsstools.logger import get_logger

NAME = 'myrepo'
log = get_logger(NAME)

The file logger is disabled by default and can be started by calling log.start_file_logger(path). By default a TimedRotatingFileHandler is created. If you want a normal FileHandler use rotate=False. The file mode defaults to mode='a' (append).

The SDSSLoger instance also include an asyncio_exception_handler method that can be added to the asyncio event loop to handle exceptions; for example loop.set_exception_handler(log.asyncio_exception_handler).

Configuration

The sdsstools.configuration module contains several utilities to deal with configuration files. The most useful one is get_config, which allows to read a YAML configuration file. For example

from sdsstools.configuration import get_config

NAME = 'myrepo'
config = get_config(NAME, allow_user=True)

get_config assumes that the file is located in etc/<NAME>.yml relative from the file that calls get_config, but that can be changed by passing config_file=<config-file-path>. Additionally, if allow_user=True and a file exists in ~/.config/sdss/<NAME>.yaml, this file is read and merged with the default configuration, overriding any parameter that is present in the user file. This allows to create a default configuration that lives with the library but that can be overridden by a user.

In addition to the (recommended) location ~/.config/sdss/<NAME>.yaml, get_config also looks for user configuration files in ~/.config/sdss/<NAME>.yml, ~/.config/sdss/<NAME>/<NAME>.y(a)ml, and ~/.<NAME>/<NAME>.y(a)ml.

get_config returns an instance of Configuration, which behaves as a dictionary but allows to dynamically reload the configuration from a new user file by calling load().

sdsstools.configuration includes two other tools, merge_config, that allows to merge dictionaries recursively, and read_yaml_file, to read a YAML file.

Extending a YAML file

read_yaml_file provides a non-standard feature that allows you to extend one YAML file with another. To achieve this you need to add the tag !extends <base-file> at the top of the file that you want to extend. For example, if you have a file base.yaml

cat1:
    key1: value2

cat2:
    key2: 1

that you want to use as a template for extendable.yaml

#!extends base.yaml

cat1:
    key1: value1

you can use read_yaml_file to parse the result

>>> read_yaml_file('extendable.yaml')
{'cat1': {'key1': 'value2'}, 'cat2': {'key2': 1}}

The path to the base file must be absolute, or relative to the location of the file to be extended.

Metadata

sdsscore provides tools to locate and parse metadata files (pyproject.toml, setup.cfg, setup.py). get_metadata_files locates the path of the metadata file relative to a given path. get_package_version tries to find the version of the package by looking for a version string in the metadata file or in the egg/wheel metadata file, if the package has been installed. To use it

from sdsstools.metadata import get_package_version

__version__ = get_package_version(path=__file__, package_name='sdss-camera') or 'dev'

This will try to find and parse the version from the metadata file (we pass __file__ to indicate where to start looking); if that fails, it will try to get the version from the installed package sdss-camera. If all fails, it will set the fallback version 'dev'.

Command Line Interface

sdsstools provides the command line tool sdss, which is just a thin wrapper around some commonly used Invoke tasks. sdsstools does not automatically install all the dependencies for the tasks, which need to be added manually.

sdss provides the following tasks

Task Options Description
clean Removes files produces during build and packaging.
deploy --test Builds and deploys to PyPI (or the test server). Requires twine and wheel.
install-deps --extras Installs dependencies from a setup.cfg file
docs.build --target Builds the Sphinx documentation. Requires Sphinx.
docs.show --target Shows the documentation in the browser. Requires Sphinx.
docs.clean --target Cleans the documentation build. Requires Sphinx.

sdss assumes that the documentation lives in docs/sphinx relative to the root of the repository. This can be changed by setting the sphinx.target configuration in an invoke.yaml file, for example

sphinx:
    target: docs

Click daemon command

The daemonizer module a Click command group that allows to spawn a daemon, stop, and restart it. Internally the module uses daemonocle (the package is not included with sdsstools and needs to be installed manually).

A simple example of how to use daemonizer is

import time
import click
from sdsstools.daemonizer import DaemonGroup

@click.group(cls=DaemonGroup, prog='hello', pidfile='/var/tmp/hello.pid')
@click.argument('NAME', type=str)
@click.option('--file', type=str, default='hello.dat')
def daemon(name):

    with open(file, 'w') as unit:
        while True:
            unit.write(f'Hi {name}!\n')
            unit.flush()
            time.sleep(1)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    daemon()

This will create a new group hello with four subcommands

Usage: daemon [OPTIONS] NAME COMMAND [ARGS]...

Options:
  --file
  --help  Show this message and exit.

Commands:
  restart  Restart the daemon.
  start    Start the daemon.
  status   Report if the daemon is running.
  stop     Stop the daemon.

Now we can run daemon --file ~/hello.dat John start and a new background process will start, writing to the file every second. We can stop it with daemon stop. In general the behaviour is identical to the daemonocle Click implementation but the internal are slightly different to allow the group callback to accept arguments. If the callback is a coroutine, it can be wrapped with the cli_coro decorator

import asyncio
import signal
import click
from sdsstools.daemonizer import DaemonGroup, cli_coro

def shutdown(signal):
    if signal == signal.SIGTERM:
        cancel_something()

@click.group(cls=DaemonGroup, prog='hello', pidfile='/var/tmp/hello.pid')
@click.argument('NAME', type=str)
@click.option('--file', type=str, default='hello.dat')
@cli_coro(shutdown_func=shutdown, signals=(signal.SIGTERM, signal.SIGINT))
async def daemon(name):

    with open(file, 'w') as unit:
        while True:
            unit.write(f'Hi {name}!\n')
            unit.flush()
            await asyncio.sleep(1)

cli_coro can accept a shutdown_func function that is called when the coroutine receives a signal. The default signals handled are (SIGHUP, SIGTERM, SIGINT).

Bundled packages

For convenience, sdsstools bundles the following products:

  • A copy of releases that fixes some issues with recent versions of semantic-version.
  • A copy of toml to read TOML files (used by the metadata submodule).

You can access them directly from the top-level namespace, sdsstools.toml, sdsstools.releases. To use releases with sphinx, simply add the following to your config.py

extensions += ['sdsstools.releases']

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