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selenium webdriver wrapper to make manipulation easier.

Project description

About this module

selenium webdriver wrapper to make manipulation easier. Downloads Latest Version Supported Python versions Development Status


  • Support Internet Explorer, Chrome, Opera, Firefox, PhantomJS
  • Support remote webdriver.
  • Easy to type aliases. (find_element_by_xpath => xpath, etc.)
  • Wrapped WebdriverWait( … ).until( … ) pattern.
  • Polling at the time of clicking or selecting.
  • Wrapping chaining.

How to install

Requires python2.6 or later. You need pip or distribute or setuptools:

$ pip install seleniumwrapper

or use easy_install:

$ easy_install seleniumwrapper

also you need selenium:

$ pip install selenium

Example to use

create function helps you to init webdriver and wrap it easily:

>>> import seleniumwrapper as selwrap
>>> br = selwrap.create("chrome")

connect function helps you to use remote webdriver and wrap it:

>>> br = connect("android", "http://localhost:9999", {"acceptSslCerts": True})

SeleniumWrapper delegate to its wrapped webdriver:

>>> br.get("")
<seleniumwrapper.wrapper.SeleniumWrapper object at 0x...>
>>> br.xpath("//div[@class='main'])
<seleniumwrapper.wrapper.SeleniumWrapper object at 0x...>

Setting eager=True to invoke find_elements:

>>> br.xpath("//a", eager=True)
<seleniumwrapper.wrapper.SeleniumContainerWrapper object at 0x...>

SeleniumContainerWrapper also delegate to its wrapped container:

>>> links = [i.get_attribute("href") for i in br.xpath("//a", eager=True)]

Each contents in SeleniumContainerWrapper also SeleniumWrapper:

>>> tds = [tr.xpath("//td", eager=True) for tr in br.xpath("//tr", eager=True)]

Basic API

  • seleniumwrapper.create(drivername)
  • seleniumwrapper.connect(drivername, executor, custom_capabilities)
    Create webdriver instance and wrap it with SeleniumWrapper.


  • unwrap

    Retrieves WebDriver or WebElement from wrapped object:

    >>> isinstance(br.unwrap, WebElement)
  • parent


    >>> price = br.by_tag("th", "Price").parent.by_tag("td").text
  • performance

    Returns window.performance wrapped object:

    >>> performance = br.performance
    >>> timing = performance.timing
    >>> navigation = performance.navigation
    >>> timing.loadEventEnd
  • to_select

    Convert wrapped WebElement to raw Select object:

    >>> br.by_id('select_button').to_select.select_by_visible_text("hoge")

    select method returns the same as below:

    >>> = 'select_button').select_by_visible_text("hoge")
  • alert

    Returns Alert(switch_to_alert()) object:

    >>> br.alert.accept()
  • current_url

    Returns current_url after loading page body:

    >>> br.current_url
  • timeout

    Accessor for _timeout property:

    >>> br.timeout
    >>> br.timeout = 10
    >>> br.timeout
  • silent

    Accessor for _silent property:

    # default
    >>> br.by_id("Hoge")
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    >>> br.silent = True
    >>> br.by_id("Hoge") is None
  • attr(name)

    Shortcut to get_attribute:

    >>> br.attr('href')
  • click(timeout=3, presleep=0, postsleep=0)

    Continue to polling until timeout or element is displayed and clickable:

    >>> br.button("Send").click()
  • scroll_to(x, y)

    equivalent to javascript’s scrollTo:

    >>> br.scrollTo(0, 100)
  • scroll_by(x, y)

    equivalent to javascript’s scrollBy:

    >>> br.scrollBy(10, 10)
  • scroll_into_view(jq_identifier, align_with_top=True)

    find elements by jq_identifier and retrieve its first element and invoke scrollIntoView to it:

    >>> var element = $('#hoge');
    >>> element && element.scrollIntoView(true)

    second argument is passed as javascript’s boolean to scrollIntoView:

    >>> br.scrollIntoView('#hoge', False)
  • waitfor(type, target, eager=False, timeout=3)

    See source:

    >>> br.waitfor("xpath", "//input[@type='submit']")
  • xpath(target, eager=False, timeout=3)

    find_element_by_xpath(target, timeout):

    >>> buttons = br.xpath("//input[@type='submit' or @type='button']", eager=True)
  • css(target, eager=False, timeout=3)

    find_element_by_css_selector(target, timeout):

    >>> [li.text for li in br.css("ul li")]
  • by_tag(self, tag, eager=False, timeout=3, **attributes)

    Returns specified tagged element with specified attributes optionally.:

    >>> br.by_tag("link", rel="stylesheet")
  • by_text(text, tag=’*’, partial=False, eager=False, timeout=3)

    similar to find_element_by_link_text or find_element_by_partial_link_text, but this method can be applicable to any tag:

    >>> br.by_text("Go back to Top Page", "a")
  • by_class(target, eager=False, timeout=3)

    find_element_by_class_name(target, timeout):

    >>> br.by_class("colored")
  • by_id(target, eager=False, timeout=3)

    find_element_by_id(target, timeout):

    >>> br.by_id("main_contents")
  • by_name(target, eager=False, timeout=3)

    find_element_by_name(target, timeout):

    >>> br.by_name("page_password")
  • by_linktxt(target, eager=False, timeout=3, partial=False)

    find_element_by_link_text(target, timeout). if partial=True, then find_element_by_partial_link_text:

    >>> br.by_linktxt("Go back to", partial=True)
  • href(partialurl=None, eager=False, timeout=3):

    find_element_by_xpath(“//a”, timeout). if partialurl was given, search ‘a’ tag which href contains partialurl:

    >>> phplinks = br.href(".php", eager=True)
  • img(alt=None, ext=None, eager=False, timeout=3)

    find_elements_by_xpath(“//img”, timeout):

    >>> br.img(alt="I am sorry", ext="sorry.gif")
  • button(value, eager=False, timeout=3)

    find_element_by_xpath(“//input[@type=’submit’ or @type=’button’ and @value=’{0}’]|.//button[text()=’{0}’]”.format(value), timeout):

    >>> br.button("Send this form").click()
  • checkbox(self, eager=False, timeout=3, **attributes)

    Returns ‘input’ element type=’checkbox’:

    >>> br.checkbox(name='checked_value', id='hoge')
  • radio(self, eager=False, timeout=3, **attributes)

    Retuns ‘input’ element type=’radio’.:

    >>>'hoge', id='fuga').click()
  • select(self, eager=False, timeout=3, **attributes)

    Returns Select(self.by_tag(“select”, eager, timeout, **attributes) or their wrapped SeleniumContainerWrapper:

    >>> [select.is_multiple for select in, name="hoge")]


  • size

    Returns length of wrapped iterable:

    >>> br.img(eager=True).size
  • sample(size)

    Returns random.sample(self._iterable, size):

    >>> br.img(eager=True).sample(10)
  • choice()

    Returns random.choice(self._iterable):

    >>> br.img(eager=True).choice()

Recent Change

  • 0.5.4
    • Add support for Python-3.4.
    • Fix button to look for <button> tag.
  • 0.5.3
    • Fix README
  • 0.5.2
    • Add silent mode option.
  • 0.5.0
    • Support Python3.
  • 0.4.3
    • Add perfomance, performance.timing, performance.navigation, performance.memory properties.
  • 0.4.2
    • Add ‘PhantomJS’ support.
  • 0.4.1
    • Fixed some bugs.
  • 0.4.0
    • Added scroll_to, scroll_by, scroll_into_view methods.
  • 0.3.5
    • Added attr method.
    • Fixed some typos.
  • 0.3.4
    • Added size property to SeleniumContainerWrapper
    • Fixed to be able to change default timeout.
  • 0.3.3
    • Fixed bugs of string formatting.
  • 0.3.2
    • Changed alert to wait until Alert’s text is accesible.
    • Override current_url to wait for page body loaded.
  • 0.3.1
    • Added connect functon.
  • 0.3.0
    • Changed tag method to by_tag.
    • Added checkbox, radio.
    • Changed select property to method.
    • Added sample, choice methods to SeleniumContainerWrapper.
    • Fixed click bug.
  • 0.2.4
    • Fixed bug.
  • 0.2.3
    • Added ext argument to img (alt and ext are both optional.)
  • 0.2.2
    • Added new property alert
    • Changed img’s argument from ext to alt( find_element_by_xpath(“//img[@alt=’{}’.format(alt)) )
    • Modified SeleniumContainerWrapper’s __contains__ behavior to unwrap given object if it is a SeleniumWrapper.

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