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Concurrency agnostic serialio API

Project description

serialio

Pypi version

A python concurrency agnostic serial line library.

Helpful when handling with instrumentation which work over serial line and implement simple REQ-REP communication protocols (example: SCPI).

Besides local serial line, serialio also supports serial line over RFC2217 protocol, raw TCP socket and tango.

As far as RFC2217 is concerned, it should be compatible with:

  • ser2net bridge with telnet(RFC2217) and raw configurations
  • gserial[ser2tcp] bridge (RFC2217)

As far as tango is concerned, it should be compatible with the tango classes:

Base implementation written in asyncio with support for different concurrency models:

  • asyncio
  • classic blocking API (TODO)
  • future based API (TODO)

Here is a summary of what is forseen and what is implemented

Concurrency Local RFC2217 Raw TCP Tango
asyncio Y Y Y Y
classic sync N N N N
conc. futures N N N N

Installation

From within your favourite python environment:

pip install serialio

Usage

asyncio

import asyncio
import serialio.aio.tcp

async def main():
    sl = serialio.serial_for_url("serial-tcp://lab1.acme.org:5000")
    # or the equivalent:
    # sl = serialio.aio.tcp.Serial("lab1.acme.org", 5000)

    await sl.open()

    # Assuming a SCPI complient on the other end we can ask for:
    reply = await sl.write_readline(b"*IDN?\n")
    print(reply)
    await sl.close()

asyncio.run(main())

local serial line

import serialio.aio.posix

sl = serialio.aio.posix.Serial("/dev/ttyS0")

# or the equivalent

sl = serialio.serial_for_url("serial:///dev/ttyS0")

raw TCP socket

import serialio.aio.tcp

sl = serialio.aio.tcp.Serial("lab1.acme.org:5000")

# or the equivalent

sl = serialio.serial_for_url("serial-tcp://lab1.acme.org:5000")

RFC2217 (telnet)

import serialio.aio.rfc2217

sl = serialio.aio.rfc2217.Serial("lab1.acme.org:5000")

# or the equivalent

sl = serialio.serial_for_url("rfc2217://lab1.acme.org:5000")

Tango

(needs a pip install serialio[tango] installation)

import serialio.aio.tango
sl = serialio.aio.tango.Serial("lab/01/serial-01")

# or the equivalent

sl = serialio.serial_for_url("tango://lab/01/serial-01")

classic (TODO)

from serialio.aio.tcp import Serial

sl = Serial("lab1.acme.org", 5000)
reply = sl.write_readline(b"*IDN?\n")
print(reply)

concurrent.futures (TODO)

from serialio.sio.tcp import Serial

sl = Serial("lab1.acme.org", 5000, resolve_futures=False)
reply = sl.write_readline(b"*IDN?\n").result()
print(reply)

API differences with serial

  • coroutine based API
  • open() coroutine must be called explicitly before using the serial line
  • setting of parameters done through functions instead of properties (ie: await ser_line.set_XXX(value) instead of ser_line.XXX = value (ex: await ser_line.set_baudrate()))
  • custom eol character (serial is fixed to b"\n")
  • included REQ/REP atomic functions (write_read() family)

Features

The main goal of a serialio Serial object is to facilitate communication with instruments connected to a serial line.

The most frequent cases include instruments which expect a REQ/REP semantics with ASCII protocols like SCPI. In these cases most commands translate in small packets being exchanged between the host and the instrument.

REQ-REP semantics

Many instruments out there have a Request-Reply protocol. A serialio Serial provides helpfull write_read family of methods which simplify communication with these instruments.

Custom EOL

In line based protocols, sometimes people decide \n is not a good EOL character. A serialio can be customized with a different EOL character. For example, the XIA-PFCU always replies with ;\r\n, so we could configure it using the following snippet:

sl = serialio.serial_for_url("serial:///dev/ttyS0", eol=b";\r\n")
await sl.open()

The initial EOL character can be overwritten in any of the readline methods. Example:

await sl.write_readline(b"*IDN?\n", eol=b"\r")

Streams

TODO: Write this chapter

Project details


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